An Eloquent Soldier

The Peninsular War Journals of Lieutenant Charles Crowe of the Iniskillings 1812-1814

Edited by Gareth Glover.  Published 2011 by Pen & Sword.  ISBN: 978-1-84832-593-7

The story of a junior officer in the Peninsular War, as told through the journals of Lieutenant Charles Crowe of the 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot and later of the 27th (Inniskilling) Fusiliers, is a fascinating and absorbing tale.  The Inniskillings are a very famous regiment who fought with courage throughout the Peninsular War; indeed it was the only regiment in the British Army with three battalions that were all serving on foreign service in various parts of Spain. But despite this; the only known memoirs from persons serving in this regiment are that of Francis Simcoe, who died at the siege of Badajoz in April 1812; and that of Private Emerson who again describes the scene at Badajoz and the carnage of Albuera, which he observed shortly after the battle. But that is the sum total of their expanse; there is no witness to their exploits at Salamanca, Vitoria, the Pyrenees, San Sebastian, the Nivelle, the Nive, Orthes and Toulouse; Charles Crowe fills that void almost completely.

But there are more to the journals of Charles Crowe than this; for although the journals, as they survive, with their clean, tidy script, show that they were written in older age, when memories have faded and blurred with time; it is however clear that they are actually fine copies taken from original journals written literally as events occurred whilst on campaign, and interspersed with copies of the few letters he seems to have sent home to his parents.

Charles Crowe wrote his journals purely for the fascination of his family and paints fine pen portraits of his fellow officers, of all ranks, with candid honesty. He clearly disliked many of his colleagues and is not afraid to voice his views on each; from bullying superiors to insupportable prigs; from duel-happy ensigns to abject cowards; from gamblers and sots to rapists; Charles pulls no punches.

He describes battle in a matter of fact, but feeling way; the death of a soldier is described in lurid detail but not without honouring their memory and evident feeling for their loss.

His portraits of incidents are also enhanced by dialogue, the gist of which was presumably recorded, at the time, and padded out later. Indeed at times his journals can read like a novel; although clearly based on verifiable fact; is it going too far to describe him as the 'Dickens of the Army'?

From his evidence, it becomes clear that the rigid class difference between soldier and officer, so evident within barrack life where their paths rarely crossed; crumbled into a close familiarity on campaign that would not be unrecognised by soldiers today; the earthy banter between general and private, was given and received, without a thought to the blind adherence to subordination we can now erroneously attach to this era. When you face death daily together, rigid convention is discarded as chaff to the wind. The journals of Charles Crowe will destroy at a stroke many of the rigid preconceptions made by historians of this era of warfare. Many of the memoirs by officers that survive are from very senior officers or those on their Staff; where they were inevitably distanced from the ordinary soldier and the every day life of 'petty warfare'; or from those of Guards officers, whose wealth and connections ensured a very comfortable lifestyle even when on campaign. These can therefore give a rose-tinted version of life for an officer at this time; a life that was completely alien and unrecognisable to junior regimental officers in the average 'line' regiment such as Charles. This could be why on the few occasions Charles has cause to refer to Guards officers he does so with indignant disparagement.

An Eloquent Soldier.  The Peninsular War Journals of Lieutenant Charles Crowe of the Iniskillings 1812-1814

Few journals have got so near to the honest nitty-gritty of everyday soldiering of this period; clearly showing the harsh life; the abject misery of long wet and cold marches; the flea bitten hovels that served as billets; the inconsistent supply of food and the scarcity of ready money to make good their rations; the constant problems of purchasing, maintaining and securing from theft their horses and mules; the sudden horrors of war and agonising deaths or mutilations; constant illness and extreme fatigue; long hours on picket duty and little sleep, oh for a soldier's life!!

 

Contents

List of illustrations.
Foreword.
Charles Crowe.
Acknowledgments.

Chapter 1 Sailing to Portugal.  Page 3.

Chapter 2 Proceeding to Join the Army.  Page 12.

Chapter 3 With the Northamptons.  Page 38.

Chapter 4. Joining the Inniskillings.  Page 48.

Chapter 5. The Great Advance.  Page 72.

Chapter 6. Vitoria.  Page 98.

Chapter 7. Pamplona.  Page 108.

Chapter 8. Soult Attacks.  Page 121.

Chapter 9. A Trip to the Rear.  Page 157.

Chapter 10.  Entering France.  Page 180.

Chapter 11. Sick Quarters.  Page 185.

Chapter 12.  Return to the Regiment.  Page 211.

Chapter 13.  The Army Advances.  Page 231.

Chapter 14. Toulouse.  Page 248.

Chapter 15.  Peace.  Page 270.

Chapter 16. Home and Recuperation.  Page 295.

Chapter 17.  Ireland.  Page 306.

Bibliography.  Page 321.
Index.  Page 323.

Index

101st (Duke of York's Irish) Foot xi, 44, 45, 46
10th Hussars 74n, 77n, 79n, 86n, 148n, 196, 253, 267
11th Portuguese Line 75, 123n, 143, 144
12th Portuguese Line 265
12th Light Dragoons 77
13th Portuguese Line 245
14th (Buckinghamshire) Foot. 14, 53
15th Hussars 74n, 77, 203n, 253
16th Dragoons (French) 77, 79
16th Light Dragoons 194, 195
17th Light Dragoons 130,198, 199n
18th Hussars 74n, 77n, 79n, 153, 253, 254n, 266
1st Division 166, 185, 223
1st Foot 177, 215, 220n
20th Foot 74, 75, 123, 140, 150, 181, 232
21st Dragoons (French) 79n
23rd Foot 13, 14, 74, 124n, 291n
23rd Portuguese Line 75, 123n
25th Foot 25n
27th Foot 1st Battalion 3, 4, 12n, 15, 118, 130, 270, 275, 282, 285, 288, 298, 302, 303, 305, 306
27th Foot 2nd Battalion xi, xii, 48n, 113, 118, 124, 181, 270, 282, 285, 287, 288, 298, 300, 302, 303, 305, 316
27th Ligne 150 1
28th Foot 221n, 279
2nd (Queen's ) Foot 25, 58n, 75, 114, 227, 250n
2nd Division 99, 100, 119, 122, 129, 130, 145, 151, 220, 223, 234, 253, 275, 279
2nd Provisional Battalion 58n, 75, 250n
34th Foot 198, 200, 266, 276, 285
39th Foot 215, 279, 284
3rd Division 83, 84, 88, 98, 119, 130, 223, 232, 234, 251, 252, 253, 
3rd Dragoons 77n
3rd Foot 244n, 279, 284
40th (2nd Somersetshire) Foot 58n, 73, 75, 114, 128, 214, 250, 262, 276, 277
42nd (Royal Highlanders) Foot 35, 113, 265
44th Foot 284
45th (Nottinghamshire) Foot 191
4th Division 51n, 58n, 64, 72, 75, 98, 108, 121, 123, 125, 129, 145, 166, 187, 196, 202n, 251, 255, 271
4th Dragoons 77n
50th Foot 209, 215, 313
51st (Yorkshire West Riding) Foot 76n
52nd Foot 86n, 234
53rd (Shropshire) Foot 33n, 58n, 75
57th Foot 138, 207, 284
5th Division 165n, 185, 204, 240, 241
5th Dragoon Guards 77, 163
61st (South Gloucestershire) Foot 23
63rd (West Suffolk) Foot 79n, 194
66th Foot 158
68th (Durham) Light Infantry 27, 74, 112
6th Division 74, 81, 82, 108, 113, 129, 131, 144, 232, 235, 236, 254, 255, 260, 263, 264, 271
71st Foot 198, 208, 209
76th Foot 284
77th Foot 75n, 173, 174n, 192, 202
7th Cacadores 75n, 123n
7th Division 74, 76, 112, 143, 152, 154, 159, 218n, 223, 232, 233
7th Fusiliers 50n, 74, 75, 124n, 173n, 217, 224, 229
7th Hussars 319n
81st Foot 15n, 284
88th Foot 217, 220, 284
92nd Foot 209, 316n
9th (East Norfolk) Foot 177n, 202n, 215, 284, 285n

John Abernethy, Surgeon 208
Abrantes 26, 27, 63
Abrantes, Duc de see Junot, Gen. Jean
Sgt Henry Acheson 27th Foot 136, 167
Capt. John Ackland 9th Foot 285n
Lt James Adair 27th Foot 300
Adjutant General 18, 65, 66, 68, 148n, 165, 222, 223, 226
Adour River 234, 237, 238, 240, 245
Agueda River 72
Aibar 111
Gen. Miguel Alava 167
Don Caudio de Alava 167
Albuera, battle of viii, 3, 4n, 10n, 12, 14, 24, 36n, 41n, 43n, 47n, 56n, 58n, 130, 174, 207
Alcalde 164, 192, 193, 218, 222
Lt Henry Alcock 58th Foot 216, 221
Aliste, River 75n
Lt John Allman 48th Foot 44n
Almendra 77
Almourol, Castle 26n
Lt Hammond Alpe 4th Dragoons 77
Alva River 33
America 16n, 44, 209n, 242, 276, 280, 284, 285, 287, 296, 298, 303, 304
Capt. John Amiel 27th Foot 300
Ampudia 84
Duke of Angouleme, Louis D'Artois, 279
Brig. Gen. William Anson 58, 73, 104, 119, 139n, 145, 146, 232, 233, 261, 293
Antagnac 279
Lt James Anthony 40th Foot 128
Arga River 114
Arinez 98
Ens. John Armit 27th Foot 203, 255, 263, 316
Lt Francis Armstrong 48th Foot 212
Sgt Maj. J. Armstrong 27th Foot 147n
Comte de Artois 279n
Auch 271, 276
Capt. Charles Avemann 1st Line Batt. KGL 75n, 139n

Baggage 189, 195, 303
Lt Anthony Bale 38th Foot 221
Lt William Bale 58th Foot 221
Lt Robert Ball 58th Foot 217
Ballyshannon 314
Barbados 57n, 302
Barca D'Alva 72
Lt Col James Barnes 1st Foot 215
Capt. Alfred Barton 39th Foot 215, 217
Capt. Philip Bass 27th Foot 293 4, 299, 305, 307, 310, 313, 314
Battering Train 103, 198, 225, 240, 245
Staff Surgeon Alexander Baxter 185, 210
Bayonne 98, 170, 171, 174, 196n, 198, 206, 207, 220n, 223, 224, 228, 231, 234, 236, 237, 238, 239n, 240n, 241, 271
Bazas 279
Bechaud, Gen. 133
Maj. Charles Beckwith 95th Foot 295 6
Belem, Tower 18, 22
Capt. Thomas Bell 48th Foot 41n
Lord William Bentinck 270n
Bera 180, 184
Marshal William Carr Beresford 86, 130, 143, 144, 148, 149, 231, 251, 254, 255
Bergara 174
Lt John Betty 27th Foot 302, 304
Bidache 228, 229
Bidassoa River 157, 159n, 160, 161, 167, 180, 184, 198, 215n, 223
Capt. Francis Bignall 27th Foot 106, 124, 130, 133, 204, 255, 260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266, 277
Bilbao 98, 174, 194
Lt Col George Bingham 53rd Foot 75n
Lt Thomas Valentine Bloomfield 48th Foot 156, 197, 262
Blue Posts Inn, Portsmouth 11
King Joseph Bonaparte 27, 85n, 98, 104, 106, 171
Bordeaux 270, 271, 275, 276, 279, 280, 288, 290, 291, 293, 298
HMS Borer 26n
Boulogne sur Gesse 247
Lt Charles Bourke 48th Foot 110
Staff Surgeon Charles Boutflower 198
Lt Bowers 101st Foot 44n
Lt John Boyd 82nd Foot 188
Lt William Boyle 27th Foot 89, 148, 149, 151, 152, 154, 155, 184, 190, 194, 222, 265, 300
Brandilanes 75
Brigade Major, duties 67
Brigands French 246
British Hero transport 302
Lt Col Sir Charles Broke Vere 114, 155, 157
Lt Thomas Brotheridge 48th Foot 24, 267
Lt the Hon. Michael Browne 40th Foot 262
Brunswick Oels 76, 95, 173, 252
Brussels 302, 304
Bugio, Fort 17
Surgeon Thomas Bulkeley 48th foot 195, 202, 208, 210, 212, 215, 216, 284, 285
Lord Burghersh ADC 79
Burgos 22, 63, 84, 85, 87, 88, 99, 285n
Staff Surgeon Michael Burmester 208 10
Ens. Henry Burn 27th Foot 113n, 121, 126
Lt Col Robert Burton 7th Fusiliers 173
Capt. William Butler 27th Foot 130, 134, 135, 164, 314
Byng's Brigade 129, 279
Ens. Arthur Byrne 27th Foot 50, 121, 188, 191, 193, 194, 255, 263

Cadillac 280
Capt. Cadoux 95th Foot 159n
Ens. William Caldwell 3rd Foot 244n
Pte Patrick Callaghan 27th Foot 138, 144
Callan 310
Lt Norman Campbell 71st Foot 198, 208, 209, 218, 222, 223
Canada 15, 16n, 44n, 270, 298n, 302
Cant 106, 266, 274
Carrick 309, 310
Carrion River 85
Cartaxo 23, 66n
Pte R. Carter 27th Foot 303
Gen. Louis Cassan, Governor of Pamplona 108, 194n
Gen. Francisco Castanos  155
Casteljaloux 279
Castelnau Magnoac 247
Celorico 35
Capt. Charles Chitty 27th Foot 181, 215, 230, 231, 235, 236, 237, 244, 246, 250, 257, 259, 260, 261, 262, 266, 268, 270, 272, 276, 281, 285, 315
Staff Asst Surgeon David Christie 199, 200, 205, 208, 296
Maj. Gilbert Cimitiere 48th Foot 35, 36n
Ciudad Rodrigo 3
Lt Joseph Clarke 48th Foot 35
Gen. Clausel 108, 109, 159
Maj. Gen. Sir Henry Clinton 203, 264
Lt Edward Close 48th Foot 38, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 49, 51, 56, 57, 63, 100, 105, 112, 118, 136, 150, 154, 156, 157, 193, 194, 197, 198, 202, 204, 206, 207, 208, 210, 211, 216, 218, 248, 250, 285
Cloyne Bishop of 312
Ens. Richard Clunes 27th Foot 121, 187
Lt Frederick Cobbold 1st Dragoons 11, 15, 16, 18, 24
Lt Gen. Sir Lowry Cole 44n, 58, 62, 68, 73, 92, 96, 97, 102, 108, 109, 110, 129, 130, 133, 139, 142, 145, 146, 165, 166, 183, 197, 202n, 211, 227, 231, 232, 236, 258, 293
Admiral Sir George Collier RN 187
Columbine, HMS 12, 17
Commissary General 93n, 175n, 182n, 205
Condom 271
Constancia see Punhete
Convict Guard 288, 300
Cork 214, 298, 306, 309, 312n
Cortes 182, 183
Lt John Cotton, 10th Hussars 79
Court martial 43, 58, 70, 86, 92, 120, 127, 140, 173, 215, 217, 218, 229, 245, 249, 268, 273
Lt Charles Crawfurd 27th Foot 110, 121, 126, 128, 139, 192
Lt William Crawley 27th Foot 196, 306
Crawston, Volunteer John 167n
Cricket 63, 306
Croix Daurade 254n, 256, 265
Crowe, Edward Crowe xi, 38, 195, 249, 274
Eliza Crowe xi
Frances (Fanny) Crowe xi, 249
Margaret Crowe xi
Philip Crowe  xi, 5, 6, 8, 46, 153, 219, 248
Philip Crowe  father xi
Reverend Henry Crowe  xi, 6, 145
Susan Crowe xi, 215
Cydnus, HMS 189n

Gen. Lord Dalhousie, see George Ramsay
Danbury Barracks 38, 40, 54, 56, 83, 192
Lt Robert Daniell 7th Fusiliers 224 30
Dax 234
1st Lt James Day RA 176
Capt. Henry Devey 7th Fusiliers 217
Capt. Benjamin Dickinson RM 910
Lt Col Alexander Dickson RA 168n
Lt John William Dixon 48th Foot 4
Staff Surgeon Thomas Donahoo 201, 205
Capt. Charles Donovan 27th Foot 220
Douro River 39, 50, 63, 72, 73, 77, 82
Gen. John Downie 181 3, 220
Lt Gen. Sir Charles Doyle 219 20
Maj. Gen. Sir John Doyle 219 20
Ens. John Drewe 27th Foot 50 2, 60, 63, 89, 121, 133, 135, 138, 140, 302
Lt John Drummond 82nd Foot 212
Dublin 19, 61, 96n, 140, 197, 286, 308, 309, 314n, 316 7
Duc D'Angouleme 279
Lt John Duke 48th Foot 41, 47, 119, 163, 165, 168, 204

Ebro River 88, 90, 91, 92, 93
Lt Robert Edmonds 27th Foot 310
Capt. Gilbert Elliot 83rd Foot 83
Enniskillen vii, 54, 96n, 303, 306, 313, 314n, 316
Ers River 256
Lt Col James Erskine 48th Foot 196 7
Escalhao 48, 49, 86, 169, 244, 291
Esla River 72, 76, 77
Don Carlos de Espana 220n
Espinhal 31, 36

Lt Edward Fairfield 27th Foot 188
Lt John Fairfield 88th Foot 217
Lt Col John Fane 63rd Foot 79n
Sergeant Farrer 48th Foot 43, 45
Farroeira 29
Private Thomas Feiley 48th Foot 39
Hospital Mate Frederick Fenton 188, 189, 194, 198, 205
Capt. Henry Fincham Royal Middlesex (East) Militia 195
George Fincham Apothecary 5, 297
Capt. George Fitzclarence 10th Hussars DAAG 148
Major William Fitzgerald 82nd Foot 163
Lt Foot, RN 9
Forton Barracks, Portsmouth 241, 300n
Ens. Walter Fox 48th Foot 212, 216
Foxhounds 85, 243
Ass. Surgeon Henry Franklin 27th Foot 51, 79, 128, 141, 162, 163, 164, 181, 182, 184, 250, 258, 263, 264, 316
Gen. Freire 265
Fuenterrabia 184

Ens. John Galbraith 27th Foot 196, 218, 223
Galizes 34
Private Patrick Gallagher 27th Foot 58
Gamarra Mayor 98
Gardiner's Troop, RHA 77
Garonne River 249n, 251,252, 253, 268, 280, 283, 293
Gave d'Oleron 231
Gave d'Pau 231
Capt. John Geddes 27th Foot 255, 263, 265, 268, 285, 286, 287, 290, 292, 295, 296
George Hotel, public house, Portsmouth 5, 14
German Hussars 76, 115, 160
Ghent 280n, 302
Gen. Giron 155n
Golden Cross, public house, Charing Cross 5
Golega 25
Capt. the Hon. William Gordon RN 11
Ens. Philip Gordon 27th Foot 51, 98, 101, 164, 165
Gosport 241, 277, 288, 300, 306
Lt Col Hugh Gough 87th Foot 211, 215
Lt Hugh Gough 27th Foot 60, 215, 216, 255, 257, 258
Lt Gen Sir Thomas Graham 44n, 72, 74, 84, 98
Col Colquhoun Grant 15th Hussars 74n, 203
Grasshopper Cannon 100, 123
Capt. Robert Gray 48th Foot 4, 7, 11, 18, 19, 45
Grenade sur l'Adour 235, 251
Major Edwin Griffith 15th Hussars 77n, 79n
Guards ix, 113n, 139, 238, 239, 240n, 304, 311
Guethary 226
Guides, Corps of 83
Capt. William Gun 91st Foot 163

Lt Andrew Hair 2nd Foot 227
Halifax Nova scotia 302
Ens. William Hambly  48th Foot 4n, 8 11, 13 5, 22, 26, 31, 33, 34, 36, 38, 43, 46, 192
Capt. Thomas Hamilton 27th Foot 113n, 118, 121, 130, 131, 151, 190, 230, 231, 238, 239
Lt Featherstone Hanby 27th Foot 121, 126, 214, 215, 216, 218
Lt Frederick Harding 27th Foot 51, 151, 165, 166, 167, 177, 178
Lt John Harnett 27th Foot 185, 246, 255, 263, 268, 276
Hasparren 227
Francis Rawdon Hastings, Earl of Moira 3, 6, 7, 44, 48, 58, 291, 300
George Hayes, paper manufacturer 299, 318
Elizabeth Haylett xi
Herauritz 226
Lt Mathew Higgins 7th Fusiliers 244
Gen. Sir Rowland Hill 72, 84, 98, 209, 223, 224, 231, 232, 251, 254
Lt Joseph Hill 27th Foot 52, 101, 187, 313
Hilsea Barracks 4, 7, 11, 45, 299
Lt Gen. Sir John Hope 238, 239, 240n
Horse Guards, Regiment of 16n, 21
Hospital, Military 24, 34, 39, 49 50, 57, 58 9, 62, 68, 69, 107, 121, 164, 185, 200, 236, 265, 300, 310
Paymaster Hans Hughes 40, 45, 157, 185, 211
Lt Charles Hunter 53rd Foot 33
Hussar Brigade 74, 76, 203
Lt Col Hutchinson  48th Foot 6, 7, 11, 18, 40, 45, 46, 53, 54, 55, 56, 202

Ens. Samuel Ireland 27th Foot 196, 266, 302, 304
Irun 184, 188, 198, 223, 270
Isabella transport 11, 12
Isle of Wight 12, 298, 303

Jaca 109, 111, 119
John transport 10, 11, 12
Major Thomas Johnstone 27th foot 196, 207
Capt. James Jones, Sligo Militia 151
Marshal Jourdan 77, 98
Gen. Jean Junot Duc d'Abrantes 19
Junta 220
Juramantedos 85

Ens. William Kater, 27th Foot 188, 195, 198, 199, 202, 203, 207, 210, 212, 213, 217, 218, 302, 304
Maj. Gen. Kemmis 128n
Volunteer John Kennion 82, 105, 151, 153, 156, 167, 176, 177
Prince Edward August Kent, Duke of 25
Kettle, camp 21, 61 2, 65, 68
Kilkenny 310 11
Capt. Nicholas Kirkland 27th Foot 130, 131, 214, 218, 222, 305, 314
Lt Robert Knowles 7th Fusiliers 124n

La Bastide Clairence 228
Labastide St Sernin 266
Lt John de Lacey 48th Foot 22, 23, 34
Capt. Frederick Langford RN 189, 190
Languedoc Canal 252n, 260
Lantadilla 88
Lanz 143, 144
Leache 111
Capt. George Lennox Earl of March 52nd Foot  86
Lerida 270
Lesaka 135n, 155, 156, 178, 180, 220
Lezo 191, 212
Life Guards 103, 203, 218n
Light Division 75n, 83, 87, 94, 95, 99, 119, 156, 159n, 166n, 180, 232, 251, 252n, 254, 265
Ens. Martin Lima 48th Foot 44, 46, 47
Limerick 274
Lisbon 11, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 26, 27, 39, 49, 59, 68, 69, 192, 221, 236, 267
Liverpool 204, 317, 318
Lizaso 160, 161
Capt. James Lloyd 10th Hussars 79n
Lombez 247
Louis XVIII King 266, 272
Capt. Martin Lynch 27th Foot 230, 231, 266, 316
Quartermaster Charles Lynch 27th Foot 49

Lt William Macadam 9th Foot 215, 216
Ens. John Macdonald 74th Foot 195, 302
Lt Patrick McDougall 48th Foot 207, 217, 223, 226, 227, 228
Lt Col John Maclean 27th foot 48, 50, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 114, 116, 118, 126, 129, 131, 136, 137, 138, 230, 255, 275, 285, 298, 303, 305
Ens. Martin MacLeod 27th Foot 206, 303
Madrid 3, 63, 220
Magicienne, HMS 11, 12
t Anthony Malone 40th Foot 128
Earl of March see Lennox, George
Deputy Asst Commissary Gen. Thomas Marsden 205, 243
Lt Benjamin Martin 4th Foot 217
Maryborough 311, 312
Capt. Stewart Maxwell RA 280
Maya, Pass of 121, 225, 295
Lt Patrick McDougall 48th Foot 207, 217, 223, 226, 227, 228
Surgeon Alexander McLachlan 49th Foot 316, 317
Lt William Mclean 27th Foot 51
Ens. Nicol McNicol 27th Foot 195
Surgeon John McRoberts 299, 314, 315
Meda 38
Lt W. Medhurst 27th Foot 46n
Medical Board 191, 195, 199, 200, 208, 250, 285, 297
Medusa, HMS 190n
Lt William Mendham 68th Foot 74, 112
Mendoza 98
Lt Charles Van der Meulen, 48th Foot 10, 168, 211, 212
Military Chest 175
Military Road 226, 235
Lt John Millar 27th Foot 302, 304
Maj. Charles Mills 27th Foot 285, 286
Francisco Espoz y Mina  111
Miranda de Ebro 92
Miranda do Corvo 32
Francis Hastings, Earl of Moira
Mondragon 174
Monreal 111
Gen. Sir John Moore  25, 84, 226, 234, 314
Lt Edward Francis Moore 45th Foot 191
Morales 79, 83
Moreira de Rei 36
Mos 73
Mucela, Ponte de 33n, 34
Capt. R. Henry Muddle RN 12
Mule Transport 21, 27, 62, 63, 71
Mullingar Castle 310, 313
Volunteer William Murray 98, 101

Naas 197
Nanclares 98, 100
Col Charles Napier 50th Foot 209
Nassau Regiment 2nd 202n
William Nelson 1st Earl Nelson 190
Maj. William Neynoe 27th Foot 298, 302, 303, 304, 305
Niemen, HMS 12
Nivelle, battle of viii, 74n, 150n
Lt Brunswick Oels Normann 173n, 174
Northampton 14, 24, 196, 197, 267, 299, 318
Lt John Norton 34th Foot 200, 276, 285
Norwich 176, 214, 215, 217, 245

Occupation, army of 305
Staff Surgeon James O'Connor 210
Gen. Joseph O'Donnell 108, 118, 130n
Oiartzun 179, 188, 189, 190, 191, 209, 214, 223
Maj. Gen. Terence O'Loghlin 218
Oporto 46, 50, 63, 72, 197, 282
Lt Gen. William Prince of Orange 86
Ordal, Combat of 270
Orders Standing, 4th Division 64 71
Oricain 129
Orthez, Battle of 83n, 150, 163n, 181n, 231, 232, 234, 237
Ens. Thomas O'Shea 27th Foot 60, 204
Ostend 302
Ens. John Ovens 27th Foot 60, 89, 121, 199, 235, 236, 237, 253, 272

Gen. Sir Denis Pack 260
Palencia 84, 85, 86, 87
Pamplona xi, 45, 89, 98, 104, 108, 110, 112, 113, 118, 119n, 121, 130, 131, 135, 144, 153, 157, 162, 187, 191, 194, 195n, 216, 219, 248, 270, 271, 293
Sir William Parker 6, 196, 197
Capt. William Parry 48th Foot 119, 185
Ens. Lucius Parsons 48th Foot 136
Pasajes 179, 183, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 192, 194, 195, 198, 206, 207, 209, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 218, 221, 222
Lt P. Patrick West Suffolk Militia 10
Pau 246
Pauillac 293
Paymaster General 175, 198
Peyrehorade 234, 237, 245
Ens. William Phibbs 27th Foot 18, 189, 190, 196, 306
Philipstown 312
Maj. William Phipps 92nd Foot 316
Lt Gen. Sir Thomas Picton 84, 129, 130, 232, 254
Pinhancos 35
Pisuerga River 87, 88
Plymouth 9, 16, 296
Podensac 280
Poison wine 102
Lt John Pollen 27th Foot 150
Lt Carlisle Pollock 27th Foot 50, 51, 52, 62, 101, 106, 114, 121, 126, 135, 163, 165, 167, 168, 170, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 179, 181, 188, 201, 206, 208, 210, 211, 221, 222, 235, 240, 247, 261, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 301
Pontoons 26, 74, 75, 76, 103, 235, 237, 240n, 251, 252, 253
Port de Lanne 237, 245
Portlaoise  see Maryborough
Portsmouth 4, 5, 6, 12, 20, 45, 46, 167, 192, 202, 204
Preignac 280
Provisional Battalion 2nd 58n, 75, 250
Provost Marshal, duties 64
Puente Arenas 91
Punhete  26, 27, 28, 192
Puyoo 237, 245
Capt. Samuel Pym RN 12n
Pyrenees viii, xii, 40n, 41n, 47n, 58n, 108, 111, 121, 130n, 153, 154, 155, 209, 223, 225, 228, 237, 279
Quartermaster General 64, 68, 114, 218
Queen Charlotte packet 212n

Ens. Thomas Radcliffe 27th Foot 50, 57, 60, 61, 63, 74, 77, 81, 82, 96, 105, 107, 117, 121, 127, 128, 131, 134, 135, 136, 139, 163, 172, 173, 174, 183, 188, 191, 213, 240, 261, 286, 287, 296, 305, 308, 310, 313
Lt Gen. George Ramsay Earl of Dalhousie 143, 218
Staff Ass. Surgeon William Randall 188
Rave Mont 254, 255
Capt. William Rawling Downham Volunteers 204, 205
Lt Edward Rawling 4th Foot 242, 243, 268
Capt. James Reed 48th Foot 53, 54, 181
Capt. James Reid 48th Foot 262, 265,  268
Renteria 177, 178, 179, 185, 186, 242, 243, 250, 297
Staff Surgeon John Rice 12, 15, 18
Rions 280
Lt Andrew Robinson 57th Foot 207
Lt Henry Robinson 48th Foot 47
Maj. Gen Frederick Robinson 240, 241, 242, 243
Rocket Troop 206, 240n, 252, 253, 258
Rolica, battle of 19n
Roncesvalles,  110n, 118, 119, 121, 122, 123n 142, 153, 191
Rossís Brigade 232
Major Alexandre Roverea, Sicilian Regiment A.D.C. 139n
Lt Col William Carr Royall 61st Foot 23, 24, 25
Lt Col John Rudd 77th Foot 173, 174n
Ens. Robert Ruddach 27th Foot 51, 57, 181
Ryde 299

Saint Macaire 280
Salamanca viii, 3, 26, 35, 63, 72, 82
Salinas de Leniz 173
Salvatierra o Agurain 107, 163
San Sebastian viii, 82, 121, 165, 176, 177, 178, 212, 216, 271
Don Julian Sanchez 79n, 82, 220
Santarem 23, 24, 63, 267
Santesteban 141, 143, 144, 146, 149, 150, 152, 160, 162
Saragossa 270
Sare 181, 196n
Sault de Navailles 232, 237, 245
Maj. Mathew Scott 2nd Foot 114, 115, 116
Sendim 73
Lt Richard Shaw 27th Foot 185
Col John Skerrett 74n, 75n, 159n
Ens. Benjamin Slattery 27th Foot 188, 190, 195, 208, 210
Slaughters, London Coffee House 5
Admiral Sir William Sidney Smith RN  181
Capt. David Smith 20th Foot 181, 232n
Gen. Lionel Smith 282
Maj. Gen. Haviland Smith 282, 285
Sobreira 34, 35
Lt Col Somerset Lord Fitzroy 43rd Foot 86
Lt Henry Somerset Marquis Worcester, 10th Hussars 86
Maj. Gen. Lord Edward Somerset 86n
Sorauren, Battle of xii, 121
Sos 277
Marshal Nicolas Soult 106, 121, 126, 129, 133, 135, 144, 159n, 180, 196n, 209, 223n, 231, 232, 233, 234, 248, 251, 253, 254, 255, 260, 266, 267, 274
Sovereign, Transport, wreck of 15n
Maj. Wheeler Sparrow 27th Foot 306, 307, 311, 312, 314
St Boes 232, 234
St Cyprien 249, 253, 254
St Jean de Luz 223, 224, 227, 242
St Sever 234, 235, 236, 245, 246
Ens. William Stawell 48th foot 55
Lt William Steele 48th Foot 43, 210, 211
Ens. William Stewart 27th Foot 301
Maj. Gen. Francis Stewart 301n
Quartermaster Joshua Stubbs 48th Foot 49, 156, 158, 210
Subilana Morillas 95 96
Marshal Suchet 270n
Sunderland 197
Ens. Andrew Suter 28th Foot 221n

Lt William Talbot 27th Foot 302, 304n
Tarbes 247
Ens. John Taylor 77th Foot 192
Tents 61, 62, 63, 71, 74, 76, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 95, 96, 99, 107, 109, 110, 111, 119, 120, 124, 136, 139, 140, 141, 151, 154, 155, 156, 158, 165, 181, 182, 184, 235, 238, 239, 240, 244, 248, 249, 250, 255, 266, 276, 277, 283, 284, 285
Capt. Henry Thomas 27th Foot 130, 133, 141, 146, 151, 152, 158, 181, 265, 273, 274, 284, 306, 309
Elizabeth Thomas xii
Surgeon William Thomas 104th Foot  195n, 284n
Capt. George Thwaites 48th Foot 40, 197
Major Francis Tidy 14th Foot 53
Tolosa 168, 175, 198
Tomar 28, 29
Toro 72, 80, 82, 84
Torres Vedras, lines of 22
Toulouse viii, xii, 248 69
Trancoso 36
Tres Puentes 98
Tudela 108
Purser Twincham (William Holloway Twynam ) RN 8, 10, 11

Urretxu  see Villa Real

Valencia, army of 118, 181, 312
Valladolid 77, 83, 87n
Gen. Vandermaesen 133
Vera 159n, 174
Verdun Prison 79, 295
Vila Franca de Xira 22
Vila Pouca da Beira 34
Villa Real  175
Villasandino 88
Villeneuve les Bouloc 266
Vimiero, battle of 19n
Vitoria viii, xi, 91, 98, 99, 102, 104, 107, 108, 111, 119, 121, 127, 133, 136, 140, 153, 157, 163, 170, 173, 187, 188, 191, 196, 197, 219, 271, 274, 313
Gen. Vivian 82, 253, 254n
Volunteers system 14, 51n, 74, 81, 82, 89, 101, 156, 167, 196, 204, 221n

Walloon Guards 118
Waterford 307, 308, 309
Waterloo, battle of 147, 288, 295, 302, 303, 304, 305
Capt. William Watkins 48th Foot 4, 11, 18, 19
Capt. Robert Waugh 27th Foot 56, 181
Weedon Barracks 14, 40, 53, 136
Ens. Robert Weir 27th Foot 188, 189, 190
Lt William Weir 27th Foot 51, 52, 60, 98, 101, 165, 190, 191, 214, 306
Arthur Wellesley Lord Wellington 44, 77, 80, 83, 97, 108, 130, 131, 137, 146, 155, 156, 218, 225, 227, 232, 233, 236, 260, 303
West Suffolk Militia xi, 3, 6, 10, 74, 112, 156, 196, 197, 204, 242
Capt. George Westcott 77th Foot 75
Major William White 48th Foot 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 48, 49, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 94, 136
Capt. Thomas Whyte 27th Foot 50, 60, 61, 89, 118, 119, 121, 133, 134, 135, 139
Lt George Wightman 48th Foot 53, 54, 55, 56
Lt Richard Wilbraham RN 26, 192
Quartermaster John Wild 48th Foot 20n, 220
Matilda Willis xi
Lt Col James Wilson 48th Foot 41, 43, 44, 45, 47, 86, 105, 125, 169, 248, 249
Capt. Wiliam Winser 27th Foot 311, 312
Lt Gen. John Wiseman HEIC 6
Paymaster Henry Wolseley 27th Foot 290, 291, 292
Sir Charles Wolseley 291
Lt Thomas Woodward 4th Foot 242
Ens. Henry Worcester Marquis Somerset
Surgeon William Wray 27th Foot 57, 61, 121, 139, 157
Ass. Surgeon David Wright 48th Foot 14
Lt John Wright 27th Foot 298

Duke of York 7, 25n

Zalain, Action of 159n
Zezere River 26

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