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Letters, References and Notes (1820-1829) 
Relating to James Caldwell and Anne Marsh (Marsh Caldwell)

The following is a listing of letters, references and general notes, from 1821-1830, relating to James Caldwell, his daughter Anne Marsh (nee Caldwell) and her husband Arthur Marsh .  For notes relating to other years please go to Letters, References and Notes (1780-1874).


1820?  Printed election note.  Not dated.  No idea of the date 1790-1840?


A Five Pound Ticket; which will entitle the Possessor, (if he be so disposed,) to the Honour of giving his Vote for a Candidate gifted with resplendent Talents!!* It being clear that the said Ticket would be thrown away upon any Burgess possessing Independent Principles, it seems probable that it has been lost, rather than stolen; and it is hereby suggested that search should be forthwith made for it, on the New Cut of Turnpike Road, leading from Newcastle by C---gh H-ll to Talk; if not found there, it may perhaps be met with in the bottom of the Coal Pit at K-dg—w. The owner may be accommodated with a Duplicate of it, by applying, during Bank Hours, to the Firm of K-----ly and Sons; and should the said Ticket be found as above mentioned, it is earnestly requested that it may betaken to the office of the Town Clerk of Newcastle, to furnish posterity with an additional Proof of the Purity and Freedom of Election in that ancient Borough.

X - Vide Election Song

Chester, Printer, Newcastle.



1820? Letter to Mr J Caldwell from  PH – probably Peter Holland. No visible date, possibly early 1820s?

Mr J Caldwell




My dear Friend, Shrewsbury, Saturday evening.

I am, this instant arrived, and am now going to obey your command. I find however that, excluding professional books, my acquaintance with good authors is not very great and I am in great hopes you will introduce me to as many at least, when you have leisure, as I do you. With respect to Divinity, which I know you would by no means exclude, the only books I would at present recommend and which are almost indispensable for every Gentleman (besides the Bible, free from Commentaries) Enfield’s Hymns and Prayers, neither of which are his except the putting them together and which I never the more because Dr Aiken used them constantly in his family, for whom you know I have the highest veneration. Priestley’s Institutes of Natural and Revealed Religion and Tecker’s Sermons (if you choose greater variety the 2 first volumes of Bourns and Blairs) the two former are sine qua non’s. You will have of course Spectators, Tatlers, World, Advent, Rambler, Guardn, Knox’s Essays, Fitz Osbourns letters and all the periodical publications of that kind. Natural History I am no much acquainted with except Denham’s Physician Theology and Astrotheology, (both excellent) and Fenelon’s Demonst. De l’Existence de Dieu (incomparable) Goldsmith’s work upon this subject you know better than I and Spectacle de la Nature. But I would advise you to consult somebody else upon this very entertaining and useful subject. Smith’s Theory of Moral Sentiments is a beautiful mirror of human nature perhaps hung by a spider’s thread though you would scarcely think so when you read it. Hutcheson is a good Moralist upon a different plan. Xenophon’s Memorabilia if there is a tolerable translation you will read with pleasure. Besides these, I do not recollect at present any but Theoric des Sentimens agreeables: Bolingbroke’s essays on Patriotism and ideas of Patriot King, a model of fine writing: Fordyces Dialogues on Education: Steel ‘s Hero, very short: Locke’s Conduct of the – understanding very short: Kaim’s Elements of Criticism, replete with elegance and taste. Blair’s Lectures I have not seen – informed they are of the first rank in Criticism and Belle’s Letters. Some Dictionary Owen’s or Chambers of arts and sciences might be useful to consult. Most of these you probably know already and they are a very good foundation along with Historical and Poetical writing for a library both entertaining and useful. I am no friend to loads of books, what I have recommended to you in my own profession I almost consider as a library sufficient for a divine in the same manner as Blackstone’s Commentaries to a Lawyer. Select reading as well as select company is the thing. I have scarce room to tell you how much I admire the very rational and elegant plan you have laid. I know no human beings but Eliza and yourself who are capable of doing so much good by a model how every one should aim to live. You ought to be the best (and I doubt not will be) as well as the happiest and most amiable. May God forever bless you.






Note of payment for Wood & Caldwell to Miss Hannah Stamford from 1792 -1820 £6,962:16:3


21 June 1820.  Letter from W Rowley to James Caldwell.

21June 1820

W Rowley


James Caldwell Esq.

Linley Wood

John Edwards of Alsager is now with us respecting the new Rate which has been made in that Parish and against which certain of the inhabitants find themselves aggrieved and I understand from him that the business is left to you and me to settle. I therefore propose that Mr Charles Heaton of Enden, a very respectable person and Land Surveyor should go over the [furrus?] of those persons who feel themselves aggrieved and then [revos?] Mr Booth who made the Rate and if they cannot agree in the valuation then that it should be left to a third person to be by those chosen and if this meets with your approbation you will have the goodness to instruct Mr Edwards accordingly.

I am dear Sir

Your most obedient and humble servant

TW Rowley

[Breeton?] 21 June 1820



Letter from S Percy? to Hannah Stamford requesting money.

Miss H Stamford

James Caldwell Esq

Linley Wood




Near London 29th August 1820

Dear Madam,

As the senior branch of the Family, it devolves upon me to communicate to you with becoming respect the afflicting intelligence of the death of my revered and venerable Parents, which took place at Woolwich on Wednesday the 16th instant. He was seized with a paralysis that deprived him of utterance and the use of his right side on Sunday the 6th and continued fluctuating though perfectly sensible until ten minutes before two o’clock on the day mentioned when his spirit imperceptibly took its flight. This heart rending affliction has involved us all in so much grief that I have felt myself unable to communicate the mournful event at an earlier period.

In order to ensure your regard to some of his surviving relatives it might only be necessary to inform you that our beloved Parent had many trials to endure throughout life and with a numerous family and ever scanty means it will not be a matter of surprise that out of ten surviving children two of the daughters, Mary and Jacinta are unsettled and without any provision whatever. Sarah is also unmarried and without provision though at present in a respectable situation in Woolwich. The other two were residing under the roof of a fond Parent at the time of his decease. What cause to pursue with respect to these we are at present not determined on; but it is thought that should you and your Sister be pleased in the exercise of your discretion, to award the 300 (being the residue of the 400 originally allotted by your kind partiality to my dear Mother under Mr Stamford’s Will) to the use by these two principally with some reserve as to the other in case of absolute necessity. We might be enabled to raise an annuity and put them in a way of eking out a subsistence in Woolwich, where the memory of my dear Parent is cherished with peculiar respect by all who enjoyed the felicity of their acquaintance. Should this suggestion be acted on by you, I should most cheerfully give you a more ample explanation; and on the part of the Family allow me to state, that your concurrence would be hailed with grateful delight.

I trust I shall stand excused as a stranger for having mentioned so far and I can only hope that in urging your attention to the situation of others who are the immediate descendents of a valuable woman whom I believe you highly respected you will make every reasonable allowance for my feelings.

Having a copy of Mrs Stamford’s will before me I am fully aware of the unlimited discretionary power vested in you and your sister, and in looking over the correspondence I am sorry to find that my dear Mother should have incurred your displeasure by her letter to Mr Caldwell of the 5th March 1801 which was no doubt written under the impression of your early letters wherein you have not only pointed out that in the exercise of your discretion you had in the first instance, set apart £400 for the benefit of herself and children, but after placing £100 of the principal at her disposal, in your letter to her of the 13th October 1792 you appear to confirm the opinion she had formed in your first letter, by using the term “your £300” and “your mortgages.” There is also a further confirmation in a subsequent letter; but I merely notice these circumstances as an extenuation on the part of my dear Mother, and to remove, if possible, any unfavourable impression from your minds: confident that you will be guided in your determination by what you may conceive to be the path of duty and that we have nothing to fear from the result. I beg leave to add for your information that although the other branches of the family are settled and in comfortable circumstances, yet none of us can boast of affluence and several have increasing families with very limited means.

My brothers and sisters unite with me in every sentiment of regard and esteem to yourself and Mr and Mrs Caldwell and I am, Dear Madame

Yours most respectfully

S Percy [?]


Letter from J N Lockett to James Caldwell 30 August 1820

Alsager Enclosure

30th August 1820

J.N. Lockett

To James Caldwell Esq

Lindley Wood

Near Red Bull


In consequence of Col Tryon being in the Country and anxious to promote the Inclosure of the Waste Lands within the Manor of Alsager, (so long neglected) he, on behalf of the Ladies of the Manor, therefore requests another meeting of the freeholders and parties interested in the Inclosure of the same, to be held at the House of Mr John Cork, at Alsager Lodge, on Friday the 8th day of September next, at 10 o’clock in the forenoon, with a view of then considering the same, and ascertaining the several parties entitled to allotments of Common from such Waste Lands; at which meeting it is intended that Resolutions shall be then entered into, by such of the parties then met, and entitled to a proportion of the Waste Lands, with a view of facilitating such Inclosure.

[ Col: ?] Tryon directs me further to add, on account of his being limited for time in his stay in the Country, is the reason for the shortness of the notice given of the intended meeting, which he trusts will be a sufficient apology.


30th August 1820

I remain, Sir

Your very obedient servant

J.N. Lockett


1 February 1821.  Letter to James Caldwell from J Tomlinson

Cliff-ville 1st February 1821

My dear Sir,

Agreeably to your requests I now send you my professional Bill. That relating to the business with Mr Wood, I have made out distinctly but have figured in the disbursements and routine charges only. My own personal attendance &c I beg to leave entirely to yourself.

I am very much surprised that I have not received the Draft of the Petition from Mr Jones. Eleven days are now elapsed since we met at Linley Wood. I wrote immediately to Mr Atcheson to learn the time allowed in the Lords for receiving Private Petitions. None was then fixed, but he says a month from the day of meeting is usually the time. As much business was executed, he recommended the Petition to be sent up immediately. No attestation to the Petition is necessary, and out Witness is sufficient to prove the signatures.

I remain

My dear Sir,

Yours most faithfully and obliged

J Tomlinson.



6 February 1821.  Letter to James Caldwell from J Jones.

James Caldwell

Linley Wood

Near Lawton



6th February 1821

Dear Sir,

On receipt of Mr Tomlinson’s last letter I wrote to Kent to meet me at Lawton on Tuesday last to arrange [riposting?] his mortgages and I am happy to inform you that he has consented to accept the Bond of Mr Lawton and his brother Charles for the remaining Principal owing to him and to surrender the charge and I have accordingly prepared the Draft of the Surrender and intend going to Lawton on Tuesday next to complete the business.

I waited on Mr Charles Lawton afterwards to inform him what I had being doing and took the opportunity of saying I supposed he was aware the business would take him and his brother [William?] to town to give their consents in person which was absolutely necessary unless a Medical man to certify they were unable to undertake the journey and he surprised me by saying I ought rely neither he or his brother would go to town as he should not put himself to that expense, that he considered the manner as altogether unnecessary and that you might have been satisfied with the Title as it was. I said all I could and told him you considered the putting Rents Lands into the Settlement equally desirable for the Family and that of his Brother should be entrapt the measures might be impeded if not rendered impracticable. I urged the business no further thinking it as, came better have you but I did not forget to inform him you [never?] compellable to have made the last installment on your purchase money unless an [Agreement?] had been obtained. You will see it in his expenses that [‘prevailiss?]. He told me you had informed him £500 and be required and I said I thought it impossible to [advance?] for that sum. When you see him again I make no doubt you will conquer his objection, but as you will be better able to judge of the probable [rescues?] of the [tab?] and otherwise attending it would it not be better and make it made palatable to him if you were to limit him to pay a certain sum and take the rest on yourself. Pardon me for mentioning this but I do it with a view of getting him to acquiesce cordially in the [measure?]. He told me he would have declined joining in the [Agreement?] on your maintaining it to him but you spoke so handsomely on the subject and when I referred to the Agreement he said he never saw it but I told him he had executed it and must have forgot it. I shall be glad to hear when you have surmounted this pivotal of all difficulties.

I remain,

Dear Sir,

Very faithfully yours

J Jones.



3 March 1821.  Letter to James Caldwell, Linley Wood from Tomlinson.

3rd March 1821

My dear Sir,

The prayer of the Petition stands so general, being for making effectual theSale and Conveyance to yourself, that it leaves us fully open to frame our Bill as we please. The object you have in view will be accomplished by the saving Clause which I will take care shall be  extensive enough to bar the Lawton Family and all persons claiming through them.

Mr Armistead is now with me and not only assents to Mr Rimmer being the Surveyor, but has undertaken to make a bargain with him for you and himself, as a joint affair as relates to his Journey and attendance in London on both Bills. He will also desire Rimmer to call upon you without delay, to receive yours and .Lawton’s instructions. I thought this would save both trouble and time, and therefore I suggested it to Mr Armistead.

I remain on post haste,

Mr dear Sir

Yours very faithfully and truly

J Tomlinson.

Cliffville, Saturday 1’oclock 3rd March 1821

Mr Jones had better bring the Settlement of 1774



6 March 1821.  Letter to James Caldwell from Tomlinson.

Cliff-ville, 6th March 1821

My dear Sir,

I have thrown other business aside and have been at work all morning upon the draft of the Deed of further Declaration of Trust, which I shall compleat either tomorrow, or early on Friday morning; but if it would not subject you to inconvenience, I should be glad to have the opportunity of going over the draft with yourself before the same was sent to the parties. Shall be at home, or within call, the whole of Friday and Saturday. I cannot suppose for a moment that yourself as a bona-fide Purchaser for a valuable consideration can be prejudiced by a secret arrangement of which you had no notice.

It appears to be that it will be better for me not to apply to Mr John Lawton, till I have seen you, and we have settled the drafts together. I write in good haste, and remain

My dear Sir,

Very faithfully and truly,



6 March 1821.  Note to James Caldwell from John Tomlinson.

James Caldwell

Linley Wood Esq.


Cliffville, Tuesday Morning

6 March 1821

My Dear Sir,

Understanding from Mr Jones that you would return from WolseleyBridge this morning, but being indispensably necessary that I should see you without delay, I shall send this letter to the Roe Buck in the hope that it may be delivered to you as you pass by and probably induce you to take that opportunity of coming to  Cliff-ville.
I remain

My Dear Sir

Very faithfully and truly ours

J Tomlinson.



10 March 1821.  Letter from James Caldwell to John Tomlinson.

John Tomlinson, Cliffeville, Newcastle.

Linleywood, 10th March 1821

My Dear Sir

It has occurred to me, on second thoughts, that it may perhaps be better to defer saying anything to Mr Jones about the [Grime? Given?] till we see what effect is produced by the Drafts which you have been so good as to prepare.

I forget whether you have joined Charles and John Lawton in the Covenants that the Lands included in the Indemnity shall remain upon the Trusts &c. and for further assurances &c. Perhaps this would be well, as it would be [abar?] to any claim to be set up by them or their Heirs, to the prejudice of the Indemnity, in case the Lands,  included in it, should by the death of Mr Lawton descend to and become vested in them.

Believe me

My dear Sir

Most truly yours,

James Caldwell



16 March 1821.  Letter to James Caldwell from J Tomlinson.

James Caldwell Esq, Linley Wood, from J Tomlinson, Cliffeville, 16 March 1821

My Dear Sir,

The Draft of the Deed of further Trust and Indemnity was sent by the Coach to Mr Jones on Tuesday morning. I have created it with him, as a matter of course, and till something betrays itself to the contrary, it will be better for us to go on in that track. In any case we must wait a communication from Mr Jones which as soon as I receive, shall be transmitted to you, and I will use every exertion to get the business thro to your wishes. I received a Print of the Alsager Inclosure Act last night from Mr [Aicheson, Alcheron?], and forwarded it to Newcastle this morning to go by one of the coaches to Linley Wood. I have directed your servant to enquire for it.

I hardly know what to say about a [Time, fine, Tins?] in respect to the Indemnity. Mr Lawton having purchased and being seized in fee simple of those premises there is no apparent ground on the face of the Title for any such assurance and it would rather point at some consciousness of a defect which we had better not evince. A time Sur [‘Concefort’?] in confirmation of the Recovery is another thing and might be a cautionary expedient; but agreeable to your subsequent directions I did not suggest it to Mr  Jones on sending him the Drafts. No doubt I shall soon hear from him and then we shall be better able to decide on these matters.


My dear Sir,

Your very faithfully and truly.

J Tomlinson.

17 March 1821.  Letter to James Caldwell from Mr Jones.

To James Caldwell

Linley Wood

Near Lawton

Sandbach, 17th March 1821

Dear Sir,

Not hearing from you according to promise I had concluded that you possibly have directed Mr Tomlinson to take an Opinion on the Validity of the Agreement for resolving the Lawton [Est?] and which might have been obtained in as to have still sent up the Politician in time if it proved no obstacle. That however I suppose was not the case.

Yesterday I received a Parcel from Mr Tomlinson containing a Draft of a Deed for extending the Trusts of Rents [Etc?] so as to become a general Indemnity to you as [a propopos?] but as appears confusedly for the purpose of protecting against the claims of [6?] Issues than the unborn [issue rents?] Rents of Mr Lawton which I concur the children of Mr Lawton are intended.

Supposing the Agreement to be valid (and which I have every reason to believe [Mr Charles?] Lawton will not allow) your safety calls for such a [insurance?] if nothing is intended to be [drawn?] in confirmation of your conveyance.

My object in writing to you a few days ago was to learn whether anything on which had passed between you, Mr Lawton on any of this since. I had the pleasure of seeing and which impression you may have as to the Agreement which I can have no interest in bringing forward but I feel that I did my duty to all parties in naming this subject rather than suffer the risk of its coming out when not expected.

As it will be necessary that I should write to Mr Charles Lawton and his MV for [illegible] I [wrote?] the DV [illegible] I wish to learn from you for my agreement, for as it was a [settled? - ] London on this business why is it such – to be so will require some explanation to his parties.

I remain dear Sir,

Your very –

J Jones.



19 March 1821.  Letter to James Caldwell from J Tomlinson.

James Caldwell

Linley Wood

Cliff-ville 19th March 1821

My dear Sir,

I am sorry that I have been obliged to detain your servant; but not more than five minutes before he arrived, a gentleman came here by appointment on family arrangements of some importance. I could not leave him till I had gone through them, which has occupied a considerable time.

In replying to Mr Jones’s letter, I think you had better not advert to the Agreement, or even glance at the circumstances which have arisen in our way. I would recommend that in this stage, you merely informed him, that you had committed the business on your part to myself, and that after he had consulted the Mr Lawtons on the Draft I had sent him, it would be bad for him, and me, to see each other. I will attend any appointment that may be made, on having a day’s previous notice and I think Linley Wood would be the proper place for us to meet, or in all events that you should be present. Correspondence will thus be avoided and we shall ascertain at once what they mean to do. I can thus shape our measures accordingly.

I remain.

My dear Sir,

Very faithfully yours,

J Tomlinson.

I have returned Jones’s letter and also the sketch of your answer, altered according to my ideas.



19 March 1821.  Draft Letter to John Tomlinson from James Caldwell.

John Tomlinson

Cliffe Ville

Linley Wood, 19th March 1821

My dear Sir,

I am truly concerned to trouble you again so soon upon the Lawton business, but thinking it necessary to act with the greatest caution [‘and not to be drawn into any communication with Mr Jones of which advantage might by possibility be hereafter taken’ crossed out] I hope you will excuse my sending you the inclosed letter which I received from Mr Jones yesterday, and requesting you opinion what reply I should give to it. I thought of something like the inclosed, but submit this entirely to your judgment and consideration. It seems to me that Mr Jones now is anxious to excuse himself [‘Mr Jones wishes to get out of the scrape himself and throw the burden upon other people’s shoulders’ crossed out] but if it was “his duty” to name the Agreement now why did he not do it at the time of my purchase and thereby prevent two bona fide [‘purchases being involved’ crossed out] in all the trouble and mischief that seems likely to ensue.

The true and honest course seems to now to be plain - - . Either the Agreement now started is valid, or not. Of this let the Parties satisfy themselves in such manner as they may judge best.

If it be invalid, there is no further difficulty. If valid, the Lands agreed to be substituted by the Act of Parliament must be settled to the uses of the Agreement instead of the uses of the Settlement. The great point seems to be the getting all the Partners (Jones) into a proper Agreement of affairs such that the [most superior?] But in one way or the other, my Title ought to be perfected: and as this is in the power of the Parties to do, without prejudice to anyone, I cannot but hope that a Court of Equity would compel it, and not permit the Title of a bonafide purchaser for a valuable consideration to be defeated by Parties taking advantage of their own wrong in withholding a private Agreement, whilst they were joining in the conveyance, and covenanting for the Title.

As Mr Jones’s letter principally refers to the Draft sent, perhaps you will think it proper to write to him yourself mentioning my having sent you his letter.[X]

Do you think it would be advisable to stall the case and obtain the opinion of Counsel?

Believe me, my dear Sir,

Yours most faithfully

James Caldwell

[X] PS. The great point seems to be the getting all the Parties into a proper Agreement to obtain an Act of Parliament the next Session.

Jones’s letter is perhaps important, you will therefore be so good as to take care of it, or return it as you think best.

Would not the terms of years that we have got in [be refer?] in any case a protection of the Title, except as against the issue male of Mr Lawton?




20 July 1821

Memorandum regarding Miss Hannah Stamford.  Reads as follows:

Memorandum 20th July 1821

Then received from the written named Enoch Wood, the Elder, the sum of Three Thousand One Hundred Pounds Eleven Shillings and six pence being the principle money and all interest due on the bond bearing the date the sixth day of December 1792 mentioned and referred to in the written indenture (except the sum of Seventy five pounds half a years interest remaining to be settled on reference to Josiah Wedgwood Esquire.




26 December 1821

Letter from Miss Hannah Stamford to Enoch Wood  regarding a dispute over the sum paid by Wood & Caldwell to Miss Stamford.



1 January 1822.  Printed note regarding the plight of women in India.

Female Education in India.

The perusal of the following letter, (written by a Missionary after more than twenty years’ residence in India ) has stimulated a few individuals, to use their endeavours for aiding in the support of Native Female Schools in Calcutta . Their own feelings, on the subject prompt them to think that the information it contains will deeply affect the heart of every British Female, from whom they now solicit pecuniary assistance. As permanent advantage can only be expected from continued resources, their object is to form a Penny per Week Society, this moderate sum being adapted to the circumstances of a greater number of Persons, but they wish not to limit the liberality of any, whose inclinations and ability, may induce them to subscribe more largely. The advocates for this Institution, will call upon their Friends in a few days.

Cotton Works

Newcastle. January 1st, 1822

Subscriptions and donations will be received at Mr Smith’s Stationer, Newcastle.

To Miss - , of Liverpool

The Hercules, at sea, March 31, 1821

My Dear Friend,

No person will charge me with having fallen into an error in addressing this letter to you, I have only to ask your forgiveness for not having mentioned my design to you before these letters appeared in print.

I am very anxious to have awakened in the minds of benevolent females in Britain and America, that concern for their sex in India, which will ultimately secure an amelioration of their condition. Why should not this subject be taken up with the same simultaneous feeling among females in these countries, as the Bible Society has been by both sexes all over the world? Are the females in Asia, who, by their want of education, are lost to themselves, to their families, to society, and to Christianity, too small a body, to call for a female association in their favour in every considerable town throughout Britain and America? They cannot amount to less than seventy-five millions of minds. Are their sufferings too trifling to demand such an enlarged attention.

A description of the state of  women in Hindoost’han will supply an answer to this last question;-

The anxiety of a Hindoo to obtain a son who may present the funeral offerings, upon the presentation of which he supposes his future happiness to depend, and the expenses attending the support and marriage of girls, makes the birth of a female in a Hindoo family an unwelcome event: hence the sex in India come into the world frowned upon by their own parents and relations. No favourable prognostic this of future comforts.

I ought here to mention the case of female children among the rajpoots; for though this relation belongs only to one of the Hindoo tribes, it exhibits a strong corroborative proof of the low estimation in which even the lives of females are held in India. One of the families of the rajpoots, it is said, -

Transcription continues.




13 February 1822

Letter from Miss Hannah Stamford to Enoch Wood  regarding a dispute over the sum paid by Wood & Caldwell to Miss Stamford.




22 February 1822

Letter from Miss Hannah Stamford to Enoch Wood  regarding a dispute over the sum paid by Wood & Caldwell to Miss Stamford.



7 March 1822.  Letter to James Caldwell from his wife Elizabeth, very scrawly difficult to read handwriting.

James Caldwell Esq.

103 Pall Mall


Linley Wood, 7th March  1822

I hope my dearest Caldwell that I may rely again on your making a faithful report of yourself when you tell me that you continue tolerably well though I lament to say that the business and uncomfortable life you lead might well have an unfavourable effect upon your health. I hoped that after Mr [F F?] went up you might have a little more company at dinner and in the evening. I am happy my best friend to give pleasure to your affectionate heart by sending a favourable account of myself, as I seem to make a daring though gradual advance to recovery though prudence restrains me from assuming my old accustomed habits: I do not rise till after breakfasting, dine at one and join my friends

a tea. Mr Davenport watches me with the eye of a Lynx, and my confidence in him makes me scrupulously attentive to all his directions. It is now more than a week since he has judged either bleeding or [etriter?] me necessary. On Wednesday we expect to see my Sister and Eliza, she judged it best to bring only her infant with her and in this I believe she judged as she generally has readily. I shall keep my dear Bessy as long as I can prevail upon her to stay as her gentle and tender attention I am much indebted and am convinced she has greatly contributed to my amendment. Mr Skerrett continues fairly well, and the report of Mr Smiths[?] proved fully and send a letter from Mr Mansley[?]. None is come from Mr Belging. A letter came from Beith on Saturday to inform you of the death of Mr William Caldwell, father in law of the writer, Mr John [Fuller?]. Nothing more in the letter. I feel that I must not write much more, so farewell tenderest friend of my heart and ever continued to care as you are fondly loved by mine.

Truly affectionate wife

Eliza Caldwell




20 March 1822

Note regarding Hannah Stamford and Enoch Wood .



23 May 1822.  Printed note proposing to petition the House of Lords.

To the Worshipful the Mayor

Of the Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme

We whose names are hereunto subscribed, respectfully request that you will be pleased to call an early meeting of the Inhabitants of the Parish and Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme, in the Town Hall, for the purpose of petitioning the House of Lords against the Claims of the Roman Catholics.

May 23, 1822

Robert Bentley

H.S. Belcombe

John Cook

James Leech

B. Coombe

James Leech junr

John Robison

J.E. Phillips

Benjamin Adams

John Turner

John Scott

George Wood Eaton

Thomas Kinnesly

Thomas Bamford

Thomas Mayer junr

For Mayer and Son

Robert Hall

James Hinds

Harry Hall

William Kearns

George hall

John Hatton

Brittain Adams

Charles Key

Thomas Moreton

In compliance with the above Requisition, I do hereby convene a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the said Borough, on Saturday next, the 25th instant, at 12 o’Clock, in the Town Hall.

William Shelley, Mayor

Newcastle, May 23, 1822


7 June 1822.  Printed note regarding raising money for Ireland.

June 7. 1822

At a meeting of the Inhabitants of Newcastle-under-Lyme, called this day, by the Mayor, in compliance with a Requisition to him, to consider the best means of relieving the Suffering Irish.

William Shelley, Esq. Mayor

In the chair

It was unanimously resolved,

That the present Distress in Ireland calls to our prompt and compassionate  Relief

That a subscription be now entered into for affording some measure of that Relief.

That the circumstances of this Meeting confine the Subscription principally to the Inhabitants of this Borough; yet, that others who are willing, be and are hereby respectfully invited to join it.

That Gentlemen be requested to wait upon the Inhabitants for their Donations; and the Books be left at Mr. Smith’s and Mr. Mort’s, for entering and receiving Subscriptions

That the amount of the Subscriptions be paid to the General Fund in London.

William Shelley, Mayor.

That the thanks of this Meeting be given to the Mayor, for his readiness in calling it, and for his conduct in the Chair.

Subscriptions.                                      £.s.p

William Shelley                                   3.3.0

James Caldwell, Linley-Wood            5.5.0

Clement Leigh                                                2.2.0

Mrs Leigh                                            1.1.0

T. Fenton                                             2.2.0

Mrs. Fenton, Stoke Lodge                  1.1.0

Mrs. Fenton                                         1.1.0

Robert Fenton                                     2.2.0

Thomas Ward                                      1.1.0

Mrs. Ward                                           1.1.0

Messrs. Bent                                       3.3.0

H.S. Belcombe                                    1.1.0

Mrs. Belcombe                                    1.1.0

Baddeley Child                                   3.3.0

Mrs. Clews                                          1.1.0

Ralph Clews                                        1.1.0

James Clews                                        1.1.0

George Wood                                     3.3.0

John Turner                                         2.2.0

J.F. Hyatt                                            1.1.0

John Nickisson                                    1.1.0

G.W. Eaton                                         1.1.0

Mayer and son                                                1.1.0

Robert Cook                                       2.2.0

Robert Hill                                          2.2.0

T.G. Coombe                                      1.1.0

Thomas Thompson                              5.5.0

Mrs. Smith                                          1.1.0

James Smith                                        1.1.0

Smith and Rhead                                1.1.0

Thomas Leech                                     1.1.0

Thomas Sparrow                                 2.2.0

Mrs and Miss Sparrow                        1.1.0

Thomas Kinnersley                             10.10.0

Mrs. Child                                           5.0.0

Hugh Booth, Clayton                         5.5.0

Charles Meigh, Hanley                       2.2.0

John Cook                                           1.1.0

John Scott, Roe-Buck,                        1.1.0

Charles Hassalls                                  5.5.0

Matthew White                                   1.1.0

Thomas Moreton                                 1.0.0

John Wilson                                        1.1.0

John Hatton                                        1.1.0

John Robison                                      1.0.0

J.A. Bostock                                       1.0.0

George Hall                                         1.0.0

John Bennett, Dimsdale                      1.1.0

Miss Clownam                                    1.0.0

Brittain Adams                                   1.0.0

John Phillips                                        1.0.0

Robert Bentley                                    2.2.0

J.H. Skerrett                                        1.1.0

Mrs. Wright                                         1.1.0

Miss Byerleys                                      1.0.0

John Gardner                                      1.0.0

Mrs. Middleton                                   1.1.0

Joseph Hill                                          1.0.0

William Holland                                  1.1.0

William Nickisson                               1.0.0

Mrs Swinnertons                                 4.4.0

Mrs Martin                                          1.0.0

Dr Northen                                          2.0.0

John Anderton                                                2.2.0

Miss Griffins                                       3.3.0

Benjamin Adams                                1.1.0

Miss Smiths                                         1.0.0

Matthew Mare, Basford                     2.0.0

Herbert Minton                                   2.2.0

Mrs. Herbert Minton                           1.1.0

Mrs. Hollins, Stubbs-Cottage             1.1.0

Mrs. Russell ditto                                1.1.0

Misses Hollins, ditto                           2.2.0

Samuel Mayer                                     2.2.0

William Sneyd, Bradwell                    1.1.0

Joseph Bristol                                      1.1.0

Samuel Henshall                                 1.1.0

James Leech                                        1.0.0

Thomas Swinnerton                            1.0.0

John Hargreaves                                  1.0.0

John Timmis                                        1.0.0

Thomas Edwards                                1.0.0

William Edwards                                1.0.0

Peter Boult                                          1.0.0

James Spark                                        1.0.0

R. Hall and Son                                  1.1.0

James Gardner                                                1.0.0

Mrs. Mort                                            1.0.0

John Mort                                            1.0.0

J. & C. Shaw                                       1.0.0

Thomas Telfer                                     0.10.6

Ditto being a sum presented to him by a Gentleman who had by mistake paid him a £10 instead of a 1note.                                 1.0.0

Brian Broughton                                 0.10.6

Thomas Turner                                    0.10.6

Thomas Ironmonger                            0.10.6

John Key                                             0.10.6

James Hinds                                        0.10.6

Mrs J. Peak                                          0.10.6

J.E. Phillips                                         0.10.6

Thomas Phillips                                   0.10.6

George Hatfield                                  0.10.6

John Hallam                                        0.10.6

John Wood                                          0.10.6

Thomas Berks, Lower-st                     0.10.6

Mrs Turner                                          0.10.6

John Ball                                             0.10.6

Mrs. Brothers                                      0.10.6

Thomas Welch                                    0.10.6

Mrs Bostock                                        0.10.0

Miss Mayer                                         0.10.0

William Baddeley                               0.10.0

Thomas Sleigh                         0.10.0

Charles Wincks                                   0.10.0

Hall White                                           0.10.0

John Power                                         0.7.6

-          Sollery                                     0.6.0

John Williams                                      0.6.0

Miss Hill                                              0.6.0

Robert Bull                                         0.5.0

William Wayte                                    0.5.0

Thomas White                                     0.5.0

Joseph Mellard                                    0.5.0

William Kearns                                   0.5.0

James Leech, jun                                 0.5.0

William Rudyard                                0.5.0

John Corker                                         0.5.0

Henry Scott                                         0.5.0

-          Wright                                     0.5.0

Thomas Brittain                                  0.5.0

Samuel Cooper                                    0.5.0

William Henshall                                 0.5.0

Thomas Bentley                                  0.5.0

Samuel Shaw                                      0.5.0

John Broomhall                                   0.5.0

Henry Guest                                        0.5.0

William Johnson                                  0.5.0

Richard Hayes                                                0.5.0

Edward Peake                                     0.5.0

Ralph Brown                                       0.5.0

Samuel Prime                                      0.5.0

John Hulse                                          0.5.0

A.B.                                                    0.5.0

William Rutland                                  0.5.0

William Sorton                                    0.5.0

Sampson Jackson                                0.5.0

Misses Peak                                         0.3.0

William Beckatt                                  0.3.0

William Whittaker                               0.3.0

Samuel Beardmore                              0.2.6

Joseph Illidge                                      0.2.6

William Beech                         0.2.6

Edward Lightfoot                               0.2.6

Mrs. Chant                                          0.2.6

George Cooper                                    0.2.6

John Emery                                         0.2.6

Isaac Brooks                                       0.2.6

Thomas Bristol                                    0.2.6

Miss Lodge                                         0.2.6

George Holt                                        0.2.6

John Bostock                                      0.2.6

Thomas Peake                                     0.2.6

George Shubotham                             0.2.6

Charles Cooper                                   0.2.6

John Leech                                          0.2.6

John Bowler                                        0.2.6

Samuel Proctor                                    0.2.6

Harry Hill                                            0.2.6

Thomas Beardmore                             0.2.6

Mrs Adams                                         0.2.6

Richard Hatton                                   0.2.6

John Owen                                          0.2.6

Mrs. Stonier                                        0.2.6

James Bladon                                      0.2.6

John Downs                                        0.2.6

Mrs. Eardley                                       0.2.6

John Broster                                        0.2.6

William Prince                         0.2.6

James Shubotham                               0.2.0

Miss Bennett                                       0.2.0

Edward Cooper                                  0.2.0

Thos. Downs, Fox & Goose               0.2.0

-          Killon                                      0.2.0

John Bloor                                           0.1.6

John Eldershaw                                   0.1.6

John Turner                                         0.1.0

Thomas Lewis                                     0.1.0

Mrs. Harding                                       0.1.0

Mrs. Birks                                           0.1.0

Miss Bayley                                        0.1.0

Henry Stanaway                                 0.1.0

William Cooper                                   0.1.0

John Broadhurst                                  0.1.0

Subscriptions continue to be received by Mr. Smith and Mr. Mort, Booksellers.

Printed, J.Smith, Newcastle.



20 June 1822.  The following is a letter, presumably printed in a large number and sent out to all the members of the Library.  The outside of the letter is addressed to James Caldwell, Linley Wood.  The letter reads as follows:

Newcastle, June 20, 1822.

The Annual Meeting of the Newcastle and Pottery Library, will be held at the Library on Friday, the 28th instant, at Eleven o'Clock in the Forenoon, to receive the Nomination of the Committee, and for the general purpose of the Society.

Agreeable to Rule 12, I transmit you a List of the Members, which List must be returned to me one day previous to the Annual meeting, under forfeiture of One Shilling, with the Letter I prefixed to the Names of those Eleven Members, whom you may deem most eligible to serve on the Committee for the ensuing year.

I beg to inform you that agreeable to arrangements entered into with Mr Bull, the time of the Library being open will be altered, in order to suit the convenience of Members, to commence on Saturday the 29th, viz.  From Lady-day to Michaelmas, from 10 o'Clock in the Morning, to 6 in the Afternoon.  From Michaelmas to Lady-day, from 10 o'Clock to 4 in the Afternoon.

I am,
Your most obedient Servant,
James Smith, Treasurer.



February 1823. Not dated but possibly February 1823.

And whereas at the time the said Mr Lawton so entered into the possession of the said land, Capl and other [messuages?] cottages and farm[?] lands and hundreds [written and conveyed?] in the said [Indenture?] of Settlement the said Capl or Mansion House with the out buildings belonging thereto [trand] in need of great reparation and a very considerable sum of money has been laid out in the repairs thereof and in the necessary fencing, planting and improving of the Demesne Lands belonging thereto and the said Mr Lawton has also laid out the sum of £-- in the purchase of a [atam?] messuages or dwelling lands and tenements situated and laying in Church Lawton aforesaid which from their being situated in the midst of the said settled estates it is of great advantage to such settled to have annexed thereto. And whereas the said Mr [William?] Lawton in order to [imput?] reimburse himself the monies so laid out and expended and hath contracted. 


C. Lawtons Interest he would sell it.

Certificates Indemnifying for quiet enjoyment &c.

Recital. Equity

To hold for [reimbursement?]of the term in case of Eviction.

2. Deduction for defective Title?

Whole estate liable to Incumbents [Ample Fiund?]
2.Interest for the [levod?] left standing


13 February 1823.  Letter from CB Lawton to James Caldwell.

1823 Lawton Land Titles

C.B.Lawton Esq.

Received 13th February 1823


James Caldwell Esq.

Linley Wood

My dear sir,

I have been so extremely unwell this last month or 5 weeks from a severe cold, yet I have hardly been able to think of any thing; I hope you will excuse my not answering your note sooner. My brother John to whom I maintain’d the business you wrote to me on, seems a stranger to it, in a great measure. However, in order to meet your wishes we shall be ready on you paying all expenses, which I understand you to say, and indeed seem to be thought only reasonable, as to you it is to serve and no one else.

I am dear sir,

Yours faithfully

C.B. Lawton





Receipt dated 17 May 1823 regarding an order of for dress materials prior to the wedding of Margaret Emma Caldwell to Henry Holland.


Miss Caldwell

Part of Mrs Hollands [Iconfsear?] wife of afterwards Sir H Holland.


No.39 Pall Mall

Barber & Company

Warehouse for Lace, Millinery and Dresses

To Her Majesty

Their Royal Highnesses

Sept 30 1822

French white fig Leck Spencer full dress. Satin and Bullioa ornaments.       5.10-

1 ¾ yd Nilings Lace for Cuffs                                                            3/6       -6.2

1 piece work Mull muslin                                                                                3.10-

12 yards Wrlings lace                                                                          9/         5.8-

1 ditto                                                                                                 4/6       1.11.6

Satin Sash and belt                                                                                         -.7.6    

6 yards Satin Ribbon                                                                          8d        -4-

5 ½ insertion work                                                                              2/         -11-

1 yard Satin for pipes                                                                                      -7.6

Buttons tape &c                                                                                              -2.6

Making Muslen dress with separate body                                                      -14-

Rich White Satin under Dress                                                                                    5.15.6

Cambric Jacket dress with Vandyke flounces                                                4.14.6

2 yards Insertion work                                                                        2/6       -5-

5 breadths Scallop work                                                                     2/6       -12.6

Buttons tape &c                                                                                              -2.6

Making Morning Dress drawn Pink Ribbon                                                   -14-

Pink Larst Sash and belt                                                                                 -7.6

6 yards Ribbon                        1                                                          6d        -16-

Jact Muslin Dress with work flounces                                                            4.4-

8 yards Insertion                                                                                 2/         -16-

11 breadths scallop work                                                                                3/ 1.13-

Buttons tape Girdle                                                                                        -2.6

Making morning Dress – work drawn blue ribbon                                         -14-

Carried over                                                                                                    38.16.2

Brought forward                                                                                             38.16.2

10 yards Blue Ribbon                                                                         6d        -5-

Broad Sarst Sash and beck                                                                             -7.6

10 yards French White figo Silk                                                         10/6     5.5-

2 ¼ broad Blond Lace                                                                                    12/6     1.8.2

8 narrow ditto                                                                                     2/3       -8-

Ribbon chord der                                                                                            -5.6

White Satin Sash Belt                                                                                     -8.6

Satin Rouleau trimmed with Patent Net French Roses                                  2.18-

Patent Net for Sleires Satin pipes &c                                                             -18-

Making Evening dress full with Blond Lace &c                                            -14-

Ditto own Satin work Muslin Dress                                                               -14-

7 yards narrow Mecklin Lace                                                             8/6       2.19.6

2 3/8 ditto for body                                                                            31/6     3.14.10

Satin folds                                                                                                       -4-

Broad Satin Sash and beck                                                                             -8.6

Ribbon Cord wadding &c                                                                              -5.6

10 yards Dove figured Silk                                                                 10/       5--

3 yards Persian                                                                                    3/         -9-

5 ½ yards Satin folds                                                                          1/6       -8.9

Grasai Naples Diamond trimmed edged Satin and Cord                               2.12.6

Ribbon Chord wadding &c                                                                            -5-

Belt and bound bow                                                                                       -5.6

Making Morning dress with French Vandyke trim                                        -14-     

1 ½ yard Sustring                                                                                8/6       -12.9

1 12 yards Satin                                                                                  8/6       -12.9

White Melattie Bonnet full with Blond Lace with Plume feathers                5.15.6

Bobbin mt and Canopy ft strlings Strungs Lace                                            2.2-

Work Muslin Collar handkerchief[?]                                                              1.1-     

2 Boxes and cases                                                                                           -16-

Nov 30 3/8 yards White sablon                                                          8/6       -3.3

Carried over                                                                                                    82.9.2

Brought Forward                                                                                         £ 82.9.2

Putting new back to Spencer                                                                          -2-

French White Satin Trimming with band French leaves and knots                2.2-

Blue Satin Pilisse bind throughout with Sable Bulleon ornaments &c           9.10-

Sable Cufs Collar and Flounce                                                                       8.18.6

By Error in 2 Dresses              1.1.-                                                                 £103.1.8


Received 17th May 1823 of Miss Caldwell, One hundred and One Pounds Ten Shillings as per Bill. For Barber and Co.

Robert Mathers




Margaret Emma Caldwell married Henry Holland (later Sir Henry Holland 1788-1873) in Audley Church, 8 October 1822.  Henry was the son of Peter Holland (1766-1855) and Mary Holland nee Willits (1766-1803).






26 November 1822.  Letter from J Tomlinson to James Caldwell.

James Caldwell

Linley Wood

Near Lawton

Cliffville, 26th November 1822

My dear Sir,

I am sorry that I happened to be from home when you favoured me with a call at Cliff-ville yesterday. I returned from Newcastlein about a quarter of an hour afterwards, and cannot think how we missed each other unless it was that you turned off towards the Brewery.

In answer to your enquiries by my son, I beg to say that I have heard nothing whatever from Mr Lawton since I last wrote to him on the 10th of October, in which I stated “my readiness at any time to confer with him or his present solicitor with a view to facilitate and proceed with the business.” I remain

My dear Sir,

Yours very faithfully,

J Tomlinson.

I am going to [Aqualalt?] with my family in the morning and will be about a few days which I mention that you may not be disappointed in case you wished to see me.



26 March 1824.  Letter to James Caldwell

London, March twenty six 1824

J. Caldwell Esq

Linley Lodge

Newcastle under Lime


Kidmore, March 26, 1824

My dear Sir,

My father desires me, owing to the difficulty he has in writing, to say that if the Bill for the recovery of small debts should pass, and put it into his power to appoint the [papers?] to the Sheriff, he shall be happy to have that opportunity of shewing his regard for you and your family and his opinion of Mr J. Caldwell’s integrity and abilities, by appointing him to that office.

I am my dear Sir, ever

[rightly?] and faithfully yours


It was originally proposed that Mr Lawton should obtain an Act of Parliament to enable him to compleat the Title.

But it being found that this could not be done till after the death of Nathaniel Kent, it was then proposed, that the purchase money for Stonecliffs and the Ditches should be paid and the money for Swallow Moor Wood remain, till the Title was completed.

This not being convenient to Mr Lawton, who wanted more of the money, Mr Caldwell consented for his accommodation, to pay £2,500 immediately and give his Bond for the remainder, in money and gave his Bond for the remainder and the Deeds were executed by all Parties, with a Covenant from Mr Lawton to obtain the Act of Parliament at the joint and equal expense of himself and Mr Caldwell.

This is all that he is now called upon to do, conformable to the agreement.



2 June 1824. James Caldwell, the chairman of the Trent & Mersey Canal company, wrote to Thomas Telford expressing the committees great satisfaction regarding canal matters.  See page 108 of "The Trent & Mersey Canal".



25 June 1824.  Note regarding a speech in Parliament.

His Majesty’s Most Gracious Speech to Both Houses of Parliament

On Friday, June 25, 1824

London, Printed by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan. Printers to the King’s most Excellent Majesty. 1824.

My Lords, and Gentlemen,

I cannot close this Session of the Parliament without returning to you My warmest Acknowledgment for the Diligence and Assiduity with which you have applied yourselves to the several Objects of Public Interest that have been submitted to your Consideration.

Two more pages to transcribe.



10 September 1824.  The Marsh bank crashed.  Arthur Marsh's half brother William Marsh died the same day, presumably by his own hand.




11 October 1824

Letter from Frances Allen (Fanny, 1781-1875) to Anne Marsh (Marsh-Caldwell nee Caldwell).  Addressed to Mrs Arthur Marsh, 7 Whitehall Place, London.  The letter reads as follows:

October 11th 1824
My dear Anne
I have been very uneasy about you, ever since, I have seen in the papers, the strange conduct of Mr Fauntleroy, and I have been a little relieved this morning by a letter from Staffordshire saying that your husband had nothing to do with the bank.  Thank heaven for him!  and though future expectation is cut off from you, this may not, and I trust will not, be wanted by you, and I am convinced that you have too much good . . . , and are too good to be cast down by disappointments, and lighter misfortunes, and the heavier ones, you have yet escaped, for which I rejoice most sincerely.  I had not courage to write to you till I knew the extent of your misfortune, and I was much relieved today of hearing it was less than I had sometimes feared.  I have also been very uneasy about Eliza from seeing in the papers a fortnight ago the death of Mr W Roscoe near Liverpool.  I was sometimes tempted to practice a ball and write to ask her if this were living.  Our letters from Maer which cheered us this morning satisfied my mind also, on this particular, and our intercourse by writing has been left off, so long it makes it difficult to begin again, my interest in her general welfare is as there as . . . but the every day interest of amusement and pleasure is of course lost when correspondence ceases.  A gay and charming letter from Bessy which cheered us this morning, was contrasted sadly by John's envelope from Gloucester, saying how little hope he had, for his poor Gertrude and that she had lost all, for her ultimate recovery.  Perhaps you may not have heard that they were stopped at Gloucester, in their ineffectual effort to try a warmer climate for the winter.  They are now established there for the winter, with their two eldest boys, and they have given their two youngest to us in charge here.  This was arranged when they meant to try Pescia or Hieres!  and they have not yet formed any plan of having them up.  Mrs Allen has been too unwell to like to have them yet, but if she should get better which I earnestly hope, I trust and think it likely they will send for them.  This place is very melancholy particularly under its present circumstances, and I should be glad to be spared the winter here - all past events, and persons gone, press more constantly on the mind here, than anywhere else naturally and there is nothing to distract the mind.
They come in dim succession led.
The cold, the absent, and the dead.
So that I feel it a great effort to retain a moderate degree of spirits.  John is under my care and is a very charming child.  He has not yet left off his petticoats.  We are hard at learning something or other for nearly two hours every day, and he has made very good progress in French.  Little Isabelle is a nice little thing also, and she is now immediately under Emma's care.  We lead the most retired life possible and have been no where, except to Stockpole (Lord Cawdon's) where we spent the whole of the week between the Dowager's and Lord Cawdon's.  I enjoyed the visit there, very much, a large house with all its appurtenances, and well lighted, is the greatest luxury and Lord Cawdor is he most delightful family man I ever saw, the most sensible and tenderest father.  Lady Cawdor is a very agreeable person and makes her house the pleasantest great house I was ever in.  Her father Lord Bath and a brother and sister of hers was there also, and the two former were heavy Gentry.  What a lucky circumstance for poor John that Jane is now staying at Gloucester with Allen she is of untold comfort to John, and Miss Allen who loves her she says better than either of her sisters, from whom she has been separated a long time, poor thing!  She feels it a hard thing to relinquish the world.  How glad I am that Marianne Darwin is going to be married so much according to her heart and inclination!  I wish I could chance a husband for Caroline, it could make more than half a dozen happy.  The M . . . have cooked up a very pretty scheme for Italy next year.  I trust nothing will come estwith to destroy it and Bessy will remain with Jessie in the mean while.  Sarah I hear is going to . . . Hay House - if Lord Crewe will let it.  This upon the whole seems a very fair scheme for her, though I should still have preferred a London one.  I wish we had been to try a house near London with her in conjunction this winter, but one must be contented with when one is known, particularly if one might be usefully employed.  Mama desires her kindest love to you, and joins me in affectionate remembrances to Mr Marsh.

Believe me dear Anne

Yours most Affectionately 

F Allen

If it is irksome to write do not answer this letter.  I wished to tell you the warm and constant interest I take in your concerns and you may perhaps feel more inclined to write some time hence.  Is Pelsy Smith gone to Paris?

Addressed to Mrs Arthur Marsh, 7 Whitehall Place, London.  Postmarked 18 (or 11?) Oct 1824.



23 December 1824.  Letter to James Caldwell from N Jones.


J. Caldwell

Linley Wood

Wheelode 23rd Dec 1824

Dear Sir,

As it will suit me better and be full as [war?] I shall be happy to see you here on Tuesday and your [kind?] shall be [-]. I dare say you know this road which I believe will be over Alsager Walk and by [Ringwood?] Mill.

If you should be passing near Sandbach and it will be more convenient to see me there I will certainly give you the Meeting at my Office [house, stores?], but I still expect you here if I do not hear to the contrary – if Lawton gets over and a [Living?] G. N. Coach. If necessary.

I remain dear sir

Your very [faithfully?]

N. Jones



James Caldwell to Henry Gibson Dowson, 7 April 1825.  
This letter contains thanks for 2 volumes of sermons "by his late friend".  The recipient, H G Dowson, is the husband of Pendlebury Houghton's daughter Mary and executor of his will.  Mary spent time with the Caldwells as a girl and the two families seem to have a connection.  The letter is addressed to Dowson in Geldeston, nr Beecles.  This letter is on the website

Linley Wood April 7 1825 
My dear Sir [HG Dowson Esq]
I beg of you to accept my sincere acknowledgements for the additional mark of your kind remembrance in sending me the two volumes of Sermons by my late excellent friend, and which arrived here a day or two ago.  The perusal of them will I am persuaded afford me the same pleasure and satisfaction which I have so repeatedly derived from his former works: and be assured that the Book will ever be highly valued by me, not only on account of the eminent talents and virtues of the author but the kind attention manifested by its donation.
It will give Mrs Caldwell and myself great pleasure to hear a good account of Mrs H Dowson, in whose happiness and welfare we shall ever take a deep and sincere interest.
Be kind enough to present our united and best regards to her.  
Believe me, 
My dear Sir
very faithfully yours 
James Caldwell 



Letter to Elizabeth Caldwell from George Twinning relating to an order for tea.

Letter, postmarkStockport 1826


Mrs Caldwell

Linley Wood


Mrs Caldwell, London 17th February 1826

Bought at Twinnings.

Dealers in Tea, Coffee, Chocolate & Cocoa

N.216 Strand near Temple Bar

17 fine Souchang – 7/b 6.7.6

1 finest ditto -                         0.12.0

1 fine Hyson -             0.12.0



We feel much obliged by your letter, containing a draft value Seven Pounds, 8/, which sum balances your account.

Agreeably to the favor of your order, we will forward the abovementioned teas at Pickford & Canal tomorrow, and as they are, at this time, quite fresh, I doubt not but they will be entirely approved.

We are happy to be enabled to send the Vouchers for which you formerly paid 8/- of the usual quality at 7/6.

I am, Madame, for Brothers and self

Your most obliged and humble servant,

George Twinning

London 17 Feb 1826




Draft Land Sale document.  Dated 24th June 1826


James Caldwell Esq and Mr William Pointon

Purchase Agreement.

25th Feb 2013

Articles of agreement made the Twenty Fourth Day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty six. Between James Caldwell of Linley Wood in the County of Staffordshire of the one part and William Pointon of [Add Rode?] in the County of  Chester, Miller of the other part.
First the said James Caldwell in consideration of the sum of Four Hundred and fifty pounds to him in hand paid by the said William Pointon before the execution of these present the Receipt whereof he the said James Caldwell doth hereby acknowledge. And also in consideration of the further sum of Four Thousand Pounds of lawful British money to be paid to the said James Caldwell as hereinafter mentioned he the said James Caldwell doth hereby for himself his Heirs, Executors and Administrators covenant promise and agree to and with the said William Pointon his Heirs and Assigns that he the said James Caldwell and all other necessary parties shall and will on the Fourth day of January next on payment of the said sum of Four Thousand pounds by the said William Pointon as hereinafter mentioned at the costs and charges of the said William Pointon his Heirs or Assigns (except as hereinafter mentioned) by such conveyances and assurances in the Law asby the said William Pointon his Heirs or Assigns or his or their Counsel shall be reasonably devised and required well and effectually convey and assure unto the said William Pointon his Heir or Assigns or as he or they shall in that behalf direct All that Messuage or Tenement with the Barns Stables Buildings yard garden orchard and Hereditaments thereunto belonging with the Appurtenances situate lying and being in Hassall in the parish of Sandbach in the said County of Chester commonly called or known by the Name of [Roudlove's?] Tenement And also all those several fields pieces or parcels of arable meadow and pasture land to the said messuage or tenement and belonging therewith used and hereinafter particularly mentioned and described and containing by Admeasurement in Statute measure the several Quantities of Land hereinafter mentioned or thereabouts Two acres and six perches The Peas Croft two acres one Rood and thirteen perches The Barn field four acres and twelve perches The  Cocksfoot Eight acres three Roods and twenty two perches The long Croft four acres and thirty five perches The Bay field nine acres one Rood and twenty six perches The Intack seventeen perches The Whittle field five acres two Roods and twenty one perches The New or Yew field three acres three Roods and twenty four perches The Banky field five acres and two perches the Bent Bank five acres and twenty five perches and the Sprink Meadow four acres two Roods and twenty  four perches or by whatsoever other names or name Quantity or description the same several fields closes, pieces or parcels of land or any of them now are or heretofore have been called known or distinguished All which said messuage or tenement farm lands and premises are now in the Tenure or occupation of Mrs Ann Henshall widow Together with all and singular the Tithes and Tenths of Corn and Grain yearly and otherwise arising growing renewing increasing multiplying and happening in upon and of and from the said Messuage Farm and Lands every or part thereof and all such part [was?] or existing places in the Parish Church of [Tandbach, Sandbach?] as appertaining to the said Messuage And the said James Caldwell doth hereby to himself his Heirs, Executors and Administrators covenant promise and agree to and with
Said William Pointon his Heirs and Assigns that he the said James Caldwell his Heirs and Assigns shall and will on or before the Tenth day of September next at his or their own expense make out and deliver or cause to be made out and delivered unto the said William Pointon his Heirs or Assigns or his or their Solicitor An Abstract of his [Title, Tithe?] to the said Hereditaments and premises and which shall be deemed and considered as approved of if not objected to on or before the Tenth day of November following – and it is agreed that the Title to such Tithes shall be deducted only from [Indentures?] of [Leters?] and Release dated the twenty second and twenty third of March One Thousand seven hundred and forty four [1744]. And in case any fine or recovery shall be deemed necessary to complete the Title to the said Premises or if there shall be any outstanding Term or Terms of years affecting the same or any part thereof not already vested in a Trustee or Trusttees to attend the Inheritance the expence of which fine or recovery as well as the costs and charges attending the Assignment of such Term or Terms of years shall be borne by the said James Caldwell his Heirs or Assigns And also that in case a good Title cannot be made to the said premises he the said James Caldwell his Executors Administrators or Assigns shall and will repay to the said William Pointon his Executors Administrators or Assigns the said sum of four hundred and fifty pounds – paid in the nature of a deposit with lawful Interest for the same to be computed from the day of the sale hereof And the said William Pointon doth hereby for himself his Heirs Executors and Administrators Covenant promise and agree to and with the said James Caldwell his Heirs and Assigns that in case a good Title shall be deduced to the said premises by the said James Caldwell his Heirs and Assigns in manner aforesaid He the said William Pointon his Heirs and Executors or Administrators shall and will well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said James Caldwell his Executors Administrators or Assigns on the Tenth day of January next the said sum Four Thousand pounds – being the remainder of the consideration money agreed to be given for the purchase of the said premises inclusive the Timber and other trees and saplings growing thereon Provided always and always and it is hereby expressly agreed and declared by and between the said parties hereto That in case the said William Pointon his Heirs Executors or Administrators shall refuse or neglect to pay the said sum of Four Thousand pounds – at the time hereinbefore appointed for payment thereof that then the said William Pointon his Heirs Executors or Administrators shall be accountable to the said James Caldwell his Executors Administrators or Assigns for Interest thereof at the rate of five pounds per cent per annum until the same be paid that the said James Caldwell his Heirs or Assigns shall and may at his or their option resell the said premises to any other person or persons in which case the deposit money paid on the signing hereof shall be absolutely forfeited to the said James Caldwell his Heirs or Assigns And in case there shall happen upon such resale to be any loss or deficiency he the said William Pointon his Heirs Executors Administrators or Assigns shall and will make good the same together with the costs charges and expences of making our and executing these presents and also the expences attending such resale And also that in case of non-payment thereof the said James Caldwell his Heirs or Assigns shall and may recover the same at Law notherwise[?] as and for liquidated Damages or that the said James Caldwell his Heirs Executors Administrators or Assigns shall and may at his or their option proceed in a Court of Equity or otherwise to compel as speifie[?] performance of this agreement against the said William Pointon his Heirs Executors Administrators or Assigns And it is hereby irrevocably agreed by and between the said parties hereto that the said William Pointon his Heirs or Assigns shall be let into the possession of the said premises upon the tenth day of January next subject nevertheless to the customary or other legal rights and privileges of the occupier or occupiers of the same premises as off going Tenants And Lastly it is hereby agreed and declared by and between the said parties hereto that in asmuch as the Title Deeds and muniments of Title of and belonging to the said Hereditaments and premises hereby agreed to be sold relate to another estate of the said James Caldwell of greater value lately sold to Mr Joseph Lea of Bostock in the said County of Chester the same title deeds and muniments shall remain with the said Joseph Lea on his entering into the usual convenants to be prepared at the expense of he said William Pointon his Heirs or Assigns for the production thereof at all proper and reasonable times and that if any attested or other copies Abstract or Abstracts or Extract or Extracts of all or any such Deeds or muniments or any part or parts thereof shall be required by the said William Pointon his Heirs or Assigns the same shall be furnished to him or them at his or their expence by the said Joseph Lea his Heirs or Assigns In  Witness whereof the said parties to these presents have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year first before written

Signed sealed and delivered being first legally stamped in the presence of
Wm Pointon

[not signed by James Caldwell so presumably this document was either a draft or a copy]


1827.  Handwritten note by James Caldwell, May be calculating time spent in London in 1823, 1826 and 1827, recording number of days and how much to bill. Looks like £141/6/6



8 September 1828

Letter from James Caldwell to Josiah Wedgwood regarding the marriage trust of Arthur and Anne Marsh.  James apologises to Josiah and confirms that should he suffer any costs then James will meet these costs.



19 March 1829.  Letter to James Caldwell from his wife Elizabeth.

James Caldwell Esq.

8 New Palace Yard


Brook Farm

19th March 1829

You will think my dearest friend that my letters come quick upon you, this will not be a long one; but I wish to tell you of my plans that your dear letters may not be longer in reaching me, as they would be in travelling from place to place. I left the hospitable house at Eton yesterday, and am going to Nantwich tomorrow. I could not think of returning home without paying a visit to my dear Bessy; it being of more importance to her than any of my friends to have a little of my company. This is so vain a speech that I could find in my heart to blot it out. It shall go however I would not tell you of my plan till their accomplishment best you should feel nervous at my crossing the water, and the other road is so rough it was not prudent to attempt it. My letter shall be finished when my tremendous voyage is over. My sister and Eliza are to accompany me so far. When a few days are passed at Nantwich my greatest happiness would be to return and meet you at our peaceful happy home. This I fear will scarcely be so soon as my wishes. I mean however to be at Linley Wood a few days before you. Pray direct to me at Nantwich for a week or ten days. The weather is ungenial, no cold has attacked me, and I feel tolerably well. I wish my dearest Caldwell that you could tell me that you cough was gone. It hangs on a terrible long time. I can not tell you how anxious I am to hear from you again, if only one line for you are ever in my thoughts. I am rather glad that the Potts’s are not at Chester, as it would have been terrible one to have made a call in my road. Don’t mention my passing through the city if you see them, which I hope you will if you have not done it.

Nantwich, Saturday morning.

I came here most safely to tea yesterday. We came up the river as far as Eastham, Mr Roscoe taking care of us. The water was rough, the wind in our favour and being high tide we had not one step either up or down. The vessel was not full and I enjoyed the little voyage very much, and the road from Eastham was all smooth and good. I find Bessy’s cough exceedingly troublesome and Mr Skerrett is grown thinner and did not appear to looking very well. They had a melancholy piece of intelligence to communicate, which I am sure you will be very sorry to hear. Mr Garnett of Filstone has been thought in rather a declining since Christmas; but was not considered in danger, he walked out of d—last Wednesday but one, and died very suddenly the Friday following and was buried last Thursday. Mr J Garnett came to the funeral, also Mr Atkinson and his eldest son. The Atkinsons are going to London and many persons think that they will not reside again at Maple [Hays]. I had planned to send this last night not calculating on its being no post day. Any letter that you may have sent to Liverpool will find me here. I do most earnestly wish to see you again my dearest best of friends. Farewell dearest one as you are beloved by your faithful and tenderly affectionate wife, E.Caldwell

Bessy’s kindest love to you – did not walk out on Wednesday but was so well as to have intended.



20 March 1829.  Thomas Telford made a report to James Caldwell, the chairman of the Trent & Mersey Canal company, regarding canal construction work on the Hall Green branch.  See page 69 of "The Trent & Mersey Canal".



7 April 1829.  Thomas Telford wrote to James Caldwell, the chairman of the Trent & Mersey Canal company, regarding canal construction work.  See page 110 of "The Trent & Mersey Canal".



1 October 1829.  Note of thanks to James Caldwell from the Canal company.

Oct 1st 1829

Vote of General Assembly. The Preparations of the Trent and Mersey Navigation.

Trent & Mersey Canal

General Assembly 1st December 1829


That this Assembly is fully sensible of the valuable and important services rendered to this Company by Mr Caldwell, the Chairman of the Select Committee, and that he be requested to accept the Sum of Five Hundred Guineas, in addition to the Sum annually allowed him as a testimony of our high opinion of his services during the last three years.




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