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Letters, References and Notes (1830-1838) 
Relating to James Caldwell and Anne Marsh (Marsh-Caldwell)

The following is a listing of letters, references and general notes, from 1830-1838, relating to James Caldwell, his daughter Anne Marsh (nee Caldwell) and her husband Arthur Marsh .  For notes relating to other years please go to Letters, References and Notes (1780-1874).





No date but probably early 1830s

Document summarising the situation regarding the Marriage Settlement of Arthur Cuthbert Marsh and his wife Anne Marsh (Marsh-Caldwell nee Caldwell), after the bankruptcy of William Marsh.  This document is not dated but was probably prepared for Josiah Wedgwood in the early 1830s, (certainly after 1828).  The document reads as follows:


In the year 1816 Arthur Marsh possessed a freehold and copyhold estate at Hendon.  The same year William Marsh the father of Arthur Marsh borrowed £25,000  3 per cent consols of James Wheeler, the repayment of which was secured by William Marsh’s bond, as a further security Arthur Marsh as surety for his father agreed to execute to James Wheeler a mortgage of the estate of Hendon.  This mortgage was accordingly carried into effect by indentures of Lease and Release dated the 16th and 18th of March 1816 which contained a proviso for redemption of the premises upon reinvestment of the sum of £25,000 in the name of the said James Wheeler and payment of the dividends to him in the meantime.  In order to indemnify Arthur Marsh against the consequences of this mortgage a deed of assignment was executed dated the 15th of June 1816 and made between William Marsh of the one part, and Arthur Marsh of the other part, by which for the purpose of such indemnity William Marsh conveyed to Arthur Marsh certain leasehold and other property, consisting of a reversionary interest in certain leasehold premises in Sloane Square, Chelsea, and two leasehold houses in Norfolk Street, Strand, a leasehold messe at Knightsbridge, a piece of leasehold land at Knightsbridge, the lease of the Rectory and Tithes of the parish of Shorne in Kent subject to a mortgage of the said premises at Knightsbridge and Shorne for securing the payment of £3,810 East India Stock and the dividends thereof.  A share in the Westminster Life Insurance Office subject to a prior mortgage of £1,800, Five shares in the Plymouth Dock Waterworks, a reversionary interest in 3/8th shares of the sum of £4,000 £4 per cent expected on the death of Catherine Plank, Ten shares in the Bristol Fire Office, A policy of assurance of £900 on the life of John Shilling in the Equitable Insurance Office and also a sum of £1260 secured by the bond of Warrant of Attorney of the said John Shilling, A sum of £3,666  13 consols subject to certain charge there on, And so to all the promised hereinbefore mentioned subject to a proviso for redemption of the same by the said William Marsh if he should pay the said sum of £25,000 consols with the dividends thereof to the said James Wheeler and should keep indemnified the said Arthur Marsh and the estate comprised in the said mortgage from the transfer of the said sum of £25,000 consols and the dividends thereof and all costs and expenses subsequent thereupon.  And after the estate of Arthur Marsh in mortgage to the said James Wheeler should be reconveyed to the said Arthur Marsh discharged from the said mortgage and all other encumbrances the said Arthur Marsh should reassign to the said William Marsh and his assignees the several heredits and premises included in the now reciting deed of indemnity.  And William Marsh covenanted with Arthur Marsh that in case default should be made in such transfer  payment and indemnity as aforesaid it should be lawful for Arthur Marsh to hold the premises therefore assigned to enable him to pay the dividends of the said sum of £25,000 consols or so much as should be due and to call on the money due upon the several securities hereinbefore mentioned and after paying the dividends of the £25,000 consols to invest the residue in the name of the said James Wheeler in like consols in part or full satisfaction as the case might be of the £25,000 consols so as to exonerate the estate of Arthur Marsh from the said mortgage to James Wheeler. 
By another deed of assignment dated the 3rd July 1816 William Marsh as an additional security to Arthur Marsh assigned to him a mortgage for the sum of £2,726 and interest upon an estate of Sir B… Hollowell at Ealing subject to redemption upon the investment of the mortgage money in 3 per cent consols to be applied in part satisfaction of the said sum of £25,000 3 per cent consols due to James Wheeler.
In the year 1817 Arthur Marsh married Anne Caldwell and previous to the marriage by Lease and Release dated the 27th and 28th of July 1817.  The release being made between James Caldwell of the 1st part, William Marsh of the 2nd part, Arthur Marsh and Anne Caldwell of the 4th part and Josiah Wedgwood and George Pigott of the 5th part Arthur Marsh conveyed the estate at Hendon in mortgage to James Wheeler to Josiah Wedgwood and James Pigott, To hold the same to the use of the said Josiah Wedgwood and George Pigott and their heirs subject to the said mortgage Upon certain trusts there in mentioned for the benefit of the said Anne Caldwell and her children by the said Arthur Marsh.

And it was thereby provided that the Trustees for the time being should be chargeable only with such money as they should actually receive by the virtue of the Trusts and powers therein contained And that anyone or more of them should not be answerable for the others of them or for acts receipts neglects or defaults of the others of them but each of them for his own acts receipts neglects or defaults only And that the Trustees should not be answerable for any Banker Broker or other person with whom any part of the Trust moneys might be deposited for safe custody or otherwise in execution of any of the aforesaid Trusts.  Neither should they be answerable for the insufficiency of any security or funds upon which any part of the Trust Moneys should be invested Nor for any other Misfortune Loss or Damage which might happen in any of the Trusts therein contained or in relation there to unless the same should happen through their own wilful default respectively.

By another indenture dated 20th July 1817 being a further settlement previous to the marriage of the said Arthur Marsh with Anne Caldwell and made between the same parties with the exception of the said James Caldwell  He the said Arthur Marsh in order to protect the estate at Hendon from the mortgage to James Wheeler assigned to the said Josiah Wedgwood and George Pigott the Ldts and premises comprised in the two deeds of indemnity here in before mentioned subject to such Equity of Redemption in the same premises were liable to under the same indenture and subject to a further proviso for redemption and reassignment of the said premises in case William Marsh should transfer into the name of James Wheeler the sum of £25,000 consols and in the meantime pay him the amount of the dividends thereof and should also keep indemnified Josiah Wedgwood and George Pigott from the said mortgage to James Wheeler And in case the said William Marsh should make default in such transfer of payment It was provided that it should be lawful for the said Josiah Wedgwood and George Pigott to hold or sell and dispose of or call in the whole of the heredits and premises comprised in the aforesaid deeds of indemnity to enable them to pay the said sum of £25,000 consols and the dividends thereof or so much thereof that should be done so as to exhonerate the estate at Hendon from the mortgage to the said James Wheeler.

The marriage took place shortly after the execution of these settlements and there are now issue 7 Children.
In the month of September 1824 William Marsh and his partners became bankrupt.

Previous to the issuing of the commission against them the mortgage money due from Sir Beng Hollowell mentioned in the deed of indemnity was paid in and invested in the purchase of £3,000 consols in the name of James Wheeler in reduction of his mortgage.

After the issuing of the commission James Wheeler the mortgagee brought an action of ejectment and recovered possession of the estate at Hendon and obtained a degree of foreclosure in the Court of Chancery.  By the master’s report in this suit it appeared that there was owing to James Wheeler £22,000 3 per cent consols and £1210 for interest expenses and costs on the 10th October 1827.
After the foreclosure of the estate at Hendon Josiah…


The above is the first 5 pages of a 9 page document.  Note that “George Edward Graham Foster Pigott” of Bryanston Square, Middlesex, had previously gone by the name of “George Edward Graham”.




14 June 1830

Printed document advertising the Auction of property belonging to Arthur Cuthbert Marsh.

Reads as follows:

Particulars and Conditions of Sale

of the Impropriate Rectory of Shorne, in the County of Kent, with the Tithes of 1016 acres of arable land, also 5 shares in the Plymouth Dock Water Works, A Policy for £900 in the Equitable and the Reversion to a leasehold house, 13 Sloane Square, Two Capital Houses 23 & 25 Norfolk St, Strand, which will be sold by auction by Mr Edward Foster at Garraway’s Coffee House, Change Alley, Cornhill, London, on Friday the 14th day of June 1830, by the order of the major part of the Commissioners in Two Commissions of Bankrupt issued against Messers Marsh, Stacey & Co, Bankers.

Lot 1   Sold for £4,600

Rectory and Parsonage of Shorne, near Rochester in the county of Kent 2687 acres of which 1016 acres are at present arable.

Lot 2   Sold for £550

5 Shares in the Plymouth Dock Works.

Lot 3   Sold for £520

Policy of Insurance in the Equitable Insurance Office for £900, No29,421, Dated 3 February 1815, on the life of Mr John Shilling, of Alton, in the County of Hants, Nursery & Seedsman in his 56th year.

Lot 4   Sold for £160

The Reversionary Interest, Expectant on the Demise of a Lady without issue by her present husband (the Lady is now in her 62nd year and has no children).  In a dwelling house and premises being No 13 Sloane Square.  Held for a term of 80 years of which 28 years were unexpired at Michaelmas Day last past.

Lot 5   Sold for £330

The like reversionary interest in a Capital Dwelling house and premises No 23 Norfolk St. Strand.  Held for a term of 60 years of which 22 years were unexpired at Michaelmas Day last past.

Lot 6   Sold for £210

The like reversionary interest in a Capital Dwelling house and premises No 25 Norfolk St. Strand.  Held for a term of 60 years of which 22 years were unexpired at Michaelmas Day last past. . . .





15 November 1830.  Letter to James Caldwell from Tomlinson.


Letter to James Caldwell, Linley Wood, near Lawton from Tomlinson


Cliff ville, 15th Nov 1830


My dear Sir,

On looking into the papers of the Manor of Audley preparatory to the Court on Wednesday, I find the Plan which you delivered to me shewing the boundaries of your Freehold and Copyhold Lands, and my Minutes to have the same valued on the Court Rolls. I have therefore sketched out a Presentment, which I mean to bring before the [Homall?] on Wednesday; and I send the same for your inspection and hope it will be sufficient for the intended purpose and remaining,

My dear Sir,

Very faithfully yours,

J Tomlinson.

Tho the Homage[?] further present that a new Turnpike Road, or branch has been lately made thro certain Copyhold lands at [blank] which this Manor, belonging to James Stamford Caldwell Esq, by which certain parts of the said Copyhold Lands have been separated from the other, having such portions thereof as lie on the [hold in letter] of the [?] new Road in such small parcels, as to be inconvenient for their separated occupations.

They also present, that with the Leave of the Lord of the Manor the said James Caldwell has taken up and removed the fences of the said small portions of Copyhold Land on the north side thereof and laid the same open to the adjoining Freehold Land, but has put down Mear[?] stones denoting the boundaries of the said Copyhold Lands, and hath also brought to the Courts a Map shewing the said Freehold and Copyhold Lands and the boundaries thereof respectively, in order that the same may be deposited, and go with the Court Rolls of the Manor.

2 February 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from Mr Tremlow at Betley Court.



James Caldwell

Linley Wood


Betley Court

2nd February 1831

My dear Sir,

I am extremely glad to hear that Mrs Caldwell is better, though I cannot help regretting the necessity which obliges you to leave home. When I sent my servant to Linley on Friday last, I really felt so unwilling to trouble you on the subject of business that I refrained from trying, but the note you are kind enough to write to me, now has induced me to call upon you tomorrow, with the hope of going after to fix a day for our travelling together which to me would have been much the most agreeable plan. I am unfortunately so circumstanced with respect to some private business of my own, that my leaving home before the middle or end of the week is quite out of the question and I have calculated that about Thursday or Friday would have been the most convenient time for you as the case now stands I have only to regret that I cannot accompany you tomorrow, and to add that I hope to reach London by the Chester Mail on Friday or Saturday morning next, when I shall be glad to relieve you from as much labour as it may be in my power to do. I wrote to Sir George Chetwynd by last night’s post.

Believe me,

Very truly yours,






21 February 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from the Doctor Devenport.


  1. Caldwell Esq.

103 Pall Mall



My dear Sir,

I am most happy to inform you Mrs Caldwell is going on quite well.

Dear Sir,

Most respectfully,

  1. Davenport.


21st February 1831






22 February 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from the Doctor Devenport.  Post mark 24 Feb, 1831.


James Caldwell Esq

103 Pall Mall



Tunstall, Tuesday 22nd Feb 1831

My dear Sir,

Mrs Caldwell is still going on well.

Dear sir,

Yours respectfully

J[?] Davenport.





24 February 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from the doctor Devenport.  Postmark 26th Feb 1831.


J.Caldwell Esq

103 Pall Mall



Tuesday 24th February 1831

Mrs Caldwell continuing going on well.






26 February 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from his wife Elizabeth.



James Caldwell Esq

103 Pall Mall



Linley Wood, 26th February

Your letter, my dearest friend was a cordial to my heart, and I thought you the best of men for writing so much but fear your wish to gratify and amuse me was attended with much trouble to yourself. I cannot allow you to sacrifice too much. You inspire most plentiful proof of your love for which I feel truly grateful. I should have written a line on Thursday had not Mr Davenport thought it right to lay another blister on my back which put it out of any of my power, and yesterday I wished to tell you what a dreadful night I had passed and there was no post, the delay only gives me the opportunity of speaking of the good nights instead of me, my sleep seems to be returning to me and no complaints remaining except an occasional numbness in my hand and these gradually subsiding, and not the slightest unpleasant sensation in my head. Tomorrow I propose trying the air of the breakfast room, but it is very cold this morning, so I shall be wonderfully prudent to feel greatly obliged to St.George for the interest he so kindly takes about me, and pray make my affectionate acknowledgments to Dr Holland for his unremitting kindness to me and Mary for her good letters and I am a poor sender at present and own and fear scarcely intelligible I will write to her when I can and A’s letter. My line also at Waterloo. Bessy desires her best love to you. It goes to my heart to return so shabby a letter for your excellent one, but I can only affirm you dearest best of men that I am more than ever your tenderly affectionate and faithful wife,

Eliza Caldwell





26 February 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from Mr Davenport the doctor.


J.Caldwell Esq.

103 Pall Mall



Tunstable 26 Feb 1831.

My dear Sir,

There being no Post yesterday I did not write but Mrs Caldwell was doing well and today I believe she is much better than she has been during her indisposition, indeed she says “nothing is the matter with her and except a very slight sensation of the cramp, occasionally in the hand.”

Dear Sir,

Most respectfully you obedient Servant,








28 February 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from his wife Elizabeth.  Post mark  2 MR1831. Scrawly handwriting for which she apologizes.  She died a few months later 9 April 1831.


James Caldwell Esq

103 Pall Mall



Linley Wood.

Feby 28.

It goes to my very heart my dearest friend to send you so[-bley?] a return for your kind long letters; which make me so happy, as I trust to your truth and love that I may rely upon your being in reality as well as you describe  yourself to be. For myself I go on improving though not with very great rapidity, the weather for the last two or three days having been very cold with a [pior] wind has made me very cautious in going down stairs, I know however my dear Caldwell that you will not blame me for a little unnecessary caution on that score of prudence, and I feel completely accountable to you as ever for my regards, more even than when you are present. Should[?] Mr Davenport not write quite so often as you expect, one thing you may certainly rely upon, that no news was good news. Stamford was prevented reaching us at the time he intended and we did not see him till Saturday, and he goes to the Sessions in the middle of the week. He and my faithful Bessy (who still kindly continues with me) send their kind love. Eliza came downstairs on Friday after a confinement of eleven weeks and hopes that she and my sister may be with us about the 8th, should the Parliament be dissolved and you set at liberty it has occurred to me that you would perhaps bring Anne down with you, this I shall not mention to her as you alone can judge how far it may be possible. I could have written better had I had better materials. I hope however it will be sufficient to convey the tender, fondest affection of the most attached of wives is your E. Caldwell

Be so good as to send Davies to Beck and Allens seed shop and desire they will send me by the post a printed list of her flower seeds. The shop is in the Strand.





2 March 1831.  Draft letter, much editing.  Presumably from James Caldwell.


Linley Wood, 2nd March 1831


My dear Sir,

I saw Mr Charles Lawton yesterday who approves of Mr Rimmer and will if necessary ride down to Cranage; but as this will be rather inconvenient to him, it will perhaps answer the same thing if you mention it to Mr Armistead tomorrow, whom I think you said should you see him tomorrow and nothing will then remain to be done but to apply to Mr Rimmer to get him to make his survey as speedily as possible.

I have sent to Mr Jones who I dare say will attend you on Monday morning though I have not yet hear from him.


My dear Sir,

It being fully thought best that Terms should be obtained to sell for the purpose of paying off the Mortgages, it will be necessary to make out a [problem, settlement?] statement of the latter, and as this will not be done by you and Mr Tomlinson being together he has fixed Monday morning next for that purpose when he will be glad to see you at Cliffe-ville wishes you to bring all the necessary papers along with you. As I am going to Wolsely Bridge on Monday and shall set off early will you favour me with your company at dinner here on Sunday at half past four o’clock and take a bed and I can then convey you as far as possible the following morning.





3 March 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from Mr Davenport.


James Caldwell Esq

103 Pall Mall



Tunstall. March 3. 1831

My dear Sir,

Mrs Caldwell ahs been so – an so will  I have not considered it necessary to trouble you, daily, with a report. If I remember rightly you wished me to write you only so long as might seem requisite; I hope therefore my silence for the last few days has not been production of uneasiness. Indeed I have understood at Linley Wood that Mrs Caldwell has written to you lately. With respect to my present report of her case, all that I can say is, she appears in all respects quite as well as she has been for the last 6 or 7 months. Should anything seem contrary to Mrs Caldwell’s well being, be assured I will immediately inform you of it, but at all events, I will write in a few days.

Most humble?






7 March 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from his wife Elizabeth.


Letter to
James Caldwell

103 Pall Mall



Linley Wood

March 7th [?] 1831

My dearest Caldwell,

One line in this letter, in which I answered a good report of my unworthy self. I went down stairs yesterday evening and also the evening before and enjoyed it very much. It was a great pleasure to find myself sitting once more on that sofa, and all looking so comfortable and feeling so [reasmor?], one cannot sufficiently appreciate all the charms of that room till one has been for some time deprived of it, but what an additional charm it will have when you are sitting by my side. Mrs and Miss Tolland Miss [Caroline?] jun are here with me in my little dressing room on Monday and were extremely friendly. Mrs T told us that Sir – Arthur of Hanley was dead. We have [have?] heard no particulars whether he had been any time ill for Mr Davenport thought Mary had not wished the report. A copy of a section of the new tunnel came on Monday from Mr Pritchard, with a note in which he says the Navigation mines are laid down and the [others ten them?] and that he owes you for some [Stands Shelb?] and  send the letter or keep it till you return? No papers came last night that was of less importance than it would now be. We shall feel a little uneasy for the arrival of tomorrow’s post. Bessy and Stamford send dear love. The latter is setting out [frequent?] for the Sessions this morning. I shall rejoice to see again you which is a cheering to the heart of and my dearest Caldwell, most affectionate and faithful, E. Caldwell

No letter from Mr [Balging?]






10 March 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from Eliza – very difficult to read in places.


James Caldwell Esq

103 Pall Mall



Linley Wood

10th March 1831

As tomorrow will be a bank[?] day I am desirous of writing one line to my dearest friend by this post, though there is nothing to say except that I am gradually proceeding in my progress to recovering feeling as you said that I should be a Lady the rest of my life certainly of idleness and indeed almost a uselessness constitutes that character the epithet will be very appropriate to me.  Upon looking in my glass this morning I answered Margaret by saying I [wondered?] your master can like any thing so ugly as I now look; notwithstanding all this my spirits rise when I dwell upon your never failing affection and there seems a hope that we may go on a few more years happily together. But enough about my unworthy self. I want now to tell you that my sister, Eliza and her infant came here yesterday, Eliza looking better than might have been expected after all she has suffered which was far and more than I was.

If she proposes remaining a fortnight she I hope we shall recount her much. She with my sister and Bessy beg their kind love. They came with Stamford. I believe I forgot in my last letter, though I had a great injunction as to do. Stamford is not here just at this time. He goes to the Sessions on Friday. I heard last night that the last [rune?] returned home suddenly on account of the illness of Legions, although I should imagine must have been a dangerous state. You mentioned that given down of your Jack my Emma may dearest regret it - - and feel almost and agitated to think of the hurry and fatigue.

You are undergoing and how [prudent?] this strong [confaight?] were ever and that you could [wax seal in way] return to your tenderly affectionate and faithful wife.
E. Caldwell

Be so good as to give the other half sheet to Davies.






14 March 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from his wife Elizabeth.



James Caldwell Esq.

103 Pall Mall



Linley Wood

14th March 1831

Thank you again and again my dearest Caldwell for your long and most welcome letter, would I could answer it with the like, but though it is now many days since I had a return of sensation[?] in my hand it is very over tired with the exertion of writing, and Mr Davenport is always recommending me doing them in this way and every other, particularly those parts of my frame as have most affected. I was particularly well on Friday; but being not quite so tired on Saturday he advised a repetition of leeches, which seemed to have set all right again. I certainly feel gaining ground. Bessy will return tomorrow should the day be per-=-l ; it will grieve me in not to part with her but she thinks it not right to leave Mr Skerrett any longer; all desire and love to you. I hope we shall improve Eliza’s health but she is not very strong. Her baby is one of the loveliest infants that I ever saw. Pray give my love to Mr H with my sincerest thanks for the kind letters and things, I will answer as soon as I have the power of doing it. At present it is all I can do to scrawl a letter to you my dearest friend even in this upsetting[?] and useless way. I trust and assume it will give you the assurance and tried ever truly never be necessary as long as life remains to me, but I am ever and at all times your tenderly affectionate and faithful wife,

Eliza Caldwell

Forster, the [Clerk?] at Talke was on Saturday found dead in his garden, assumed to have fallen on returning from his work.






19 March 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from his wife Elizabeth.


James Caldwell Esq

103 Pall Mall



Linley Wood, 19th March 1831


I have the vanity to believe, my dearest Caldwell, that you love to see my handwriting, if only for a few lines, particularly when it tells you as it may this morning, that I am tolerably well, at the same time feeling sensible that 76 does not rally so speedily or permanently as 36, but I have the fear of you before my eyes being careful of myself. For your dear sake hope we may be permitted to pass on in comfort together some time longer. I fear that you will be terribly harassed with the great exertions you are called upon to make and that there is little probability of your release before the end of the month. The pound note that came in the packet was a cordial to my heart in every respect; and all the contents of the packet were most satisfactory being precisely what I wished. I of course, have not given the slightest hint to Anne of her returning with you knowing that you could best judge of the propriety of it, and thinking that Mr FT [Tollet?] might perhaps accompany you; in a letter I had from her on Tuesday she said my father was last year so kind as to propose bringing me down with him when I dared not venture; should he have the goodness to repeat the proposal I should now have no fear by accepting it. Should there be any objection to this, for you must do nothing that can by possibility expose you to any restrain or uncomfortableness it has occurred to me that Anne might return with Mr Wedgwood and Elizabeth if they travel, as they generally do in the mail coach, and it might be well to mention this to her if you think proper. I have asked Mrs Wedgwood and Elizabeth and Ann I – if she can come to dinner tomorrow as my sister and Eliza will be there to entertain them. I shall just take that portion of their company which will be perfectly proper for me and no more. Mrs Moreton brought Mrs Sneyd of Ashcombe yesterday morning to call and whom I was very glad to see, we not having met for years. An invitation came for you to attend the funeral of Mr Lawton on Saturday. I replied that you were in London and not expected to return before that time, that I was sure you would regret not having it you power to show this respect to the memory of Mr Lawton. We hope Eliza is gaining a little strength amongst us. Bessy went home yesterday. Stamford is not yet returned from Stafford where I am told there is much business. And now my dearest best of husbands and of friends, farewell, and ever loved as you are beloved by your tenderly affectionate wife,

Eliza Caldwell

My sister and Eliza beg kind love to you




? 1831.  Part of letter from Eliza to James Caldwell at 103 Pall Mall, London. Postmark1831.  Must be before April 1831.


. . . health too, though going[?] on very well and that the slightest return except a little in my hand I am very prudent and be determined to go downstairs this week I am gaining a little strength –ling upon sweetbreads and boiled eggs. We have not yet seen Stamford but are hourly expecting him, and Eliza sent me word her cough is better but she has determined to come here today. Bessy love, every think of me as your tenderly affectionate and faithful wife, E Caldwell




9 April 1831.  Elizabeth Caldwell died at Linley Wood.




9 April 1831. Note not dated but probably relates to the death of Elizabeth Caldwell.



Written by Mr Forster of Newcastle.


Sacred to Virtue!


Underneath this Stone lie the mortal remains

[The immortal part being ascended to the regions of bliss]

Of  - -  V---                 [Mrs Caldwell]

A woman

Who to her personal charms united the more permanent beauties

Of every mental accomplishment,

Affabled, good tempered, a stranger to pride, benevolent and devout;

An of the beautys of nature

She studed with peculiar satifaction

The Lynmean System

The solidity of her understanding was sufficiently evinced

In her choice of a man

With whom to pass the short space of time allotted to us

In this state of mortality

Her life was a flat contradiction to the assertions of the

Abbiated Rochefaucauld that there are no happy marriages

And her death

Which was singularly lamented by all who had the felicity of knowing her

[save by the envious of her own sex]

Show’d with what heroic fortitude, calmness and composure

A Christian

Who had lived in this exercise of piety and virtue [condensed?]

The beneficial Creator




28 May 1831.  Invitation to James Caldwell from the Marquis of Stafford.


Addressed to:

James Caldwell

Linley Wood

Near Lawton



London, May twenty eight 1831

James Caldwell Esq

Linley Wood






The Marquis of Stafford desires the Honor of Mr Caldwell’s company at dinner on Friday

To Meet H.R.H. the Prince of Wales at 6 o’clock.




23 August 1831.  Envelope addressed to James Caldwell.  Contents misplaced.


London August twenty three 1831


James Caldwell Esq

Linley Wood



Mr – Villiers





22 Sept 1831.  Letter to James Caldwell from his son in law Henry Holland.


London Sept twenty two


James Caldwell

Linley Wood



2 Bond St, Thursday

My dear Sir,

I should not have thought it worth while to write again today, but from the [casualty, currently?] of a [friend?]. And I merely send a hasty line to say that as I have heard this morning from my sister that she is going from Nantwich to Maer, I shall go thither first, either tonight or tomorrow, according to the circumstances occurring here. ( But probably tonight) and shall [like?] to be with you at Linley Wood either on Saturday or Sunday. I trust it will not be in any way[?] inconvenient to you, that I leave the exact times thus far uncertain.

A fearful degree of interest exists at this moment as to the unhappy Reform Bill which has now come to the most critical part of it fate. I have just been seeing one of the Cabinet Ministers as a patient, under such as I think, lay his anxiety on the subject. I hear from both sides unbounded admiration of Sir R. Peel’s speech last night. It had very great affect upon the House.

Farewell, my dear Sir, till I see you..

Ever yours cont affections,

  1. Holland.




6 October 1831.  Envelope addressed to James Caldwell.  Post mark 6 Oct 1831.  Contents misplaced.


  1. Caldwell Esq

Linley Wood








8 October 1831.  Envelope addressed to James Caldwell, post mark 8 Oct 1831.  Contents misplaced.


London October eight


James Caldwell Esq

Linley Wood



Edward Petre




1 November 1831.  Letter envelope to James Caldwell post mark 1 Nov 1831.  Contents misplaced.


  1. Caldwell, Esq

Linley Wood



PM Hay






28 November 1831.  Envelope addressed to James Caldwell, Post mark 28 Nov 1831.  Contents misplaced.


  1. Caldwell

Linley Wood



R.L. Neil




10 December 1831.  Envelope addressed to the Navigation Office,  post mark 10th Dec 1831.  Contents misplaced.


To the Select Committee

Navigation Office











Harriet Martineau's Autobiography


1832?  Extract from page 376 of Vol 1 of Harriet Martineau's Autobiography, published in 1877.  This extract is identified as being from the period 1832-1834.  As "Two Old Men's Tales" was published in 1834, the following meeting probably took place in 1832-1833.  The extract reads as follows:

I was spending a couple of days at Mrs Marsh's, when she asked me whether I would let her read to me "one or two little stories" which she had written.  From her way of speaking of them, and from her devotion to her children, who were then for the most part very young, I concluded these to be children's tales.  She ordered a fire in her room, and there we shut ourselves up for the reading.  What she read was no child's story, but "The Admiral's Daughter".  My amazement may be conceived.  We were going to dine at the Wedgwoods': and a strange figure we must have cut there; for we had been crying so desperately that there was no concealing the marks of it.  Mrs Marsh asked me what I thought of getting her tales published.  I offered to try if, on reading the manuscript at home, I thought as well of it as after her own most moving delivery of it.  A second reading left no doubt in my mind; and I had the pleasure of introducing the "Two Old Men's Tales" to the world through Messers Saunders & Oatley , from whom, as from the rest of the world, the author's name was withheld as long as possible.  Mr Marsh made this the condition of our attempt: a condition which we thought perfectly reasonable in the father of many daughters, who did not wish their mother to be known as the author of what the world might consider second-rate novels.  That the world did not consider them second-rate was immediately apparent; and the reason for secrecy existed no longer.  But no one ever knew or guessed the authorship through my mother or me, who were for a considerable time the only possessors of the secret.  From that time Mrs Marsh managed her own affairs; and I never again saw her works till they were published.  I mention this because, as I never concealed from her, I think her subsequent works very inferior to the first: and I think it a pity that she did not rest on the high and well deserved fame which she immediately obtained.  The singular magnificence of that tale was not likely to be surpassed: but I have always wished that she had either stopped entirely, or had given herself time to give justice to her genius.  From the time of the publication of "The Two Old Men's Tales" to the present hour, I have never once, as far as I remember, succeeded in getting anther manuscript published for anybody.





4 January 1832.  Letter to James Caldwell from his daughter Anne Marsh.


James Caldwell Esq

Linley Wood





Wednesday Jn[?] 4th, 1832

My dear Father,

I have to thank you for quite a noble round of red beef which arrived in perfect safety yesterday morning. Its appearance gave rise to some rash thoughts, as was natural, but I felt much gratified at this proof, that we were remembered so kindly by one so deeply honoured. And whose thoughts must have so many other matters to occupy them. The Beef was followed by your letter, most gratifying and most touching. I feel an awkwardness sometimes in expressing my feelings, fearing that if I were to express all the affectionate admiration of which my heart is full that it might appear to go something beyond that reverence, which as a child I always have and always shall feel for my Father. But you are very indulgent to my poor efforts to explain my feelings. And such words of affection and confidence are dearer to me than I can find words to tell. How well I think I understood that sad return of the thoughts, after a little distraction in society, and it is the apprehension that such are the solitary hours, which diminishes so much the happiness with which I hear of improved cheerfulness, and apparent health. Still I greatly rejoice even in them because I cannot but consider a proof that the general health and strength must be improved where such efforts are possible. The affliction, the privation, few have experienced, few experiencing have the heart to feel in the same degree, few feeling have had the courage to endure with what, forgive the expression, I think heroic patience, my poor dear Uncle. Got when he will, and how he will, it is impossible not to grieve very much over such a kind worthy cheerful friend as he has been, for so long a course of years. My dear good Aunt Bessy seems repaid for all her exertions by the affectionate letter of approbation she has received from you. I look forward to coming to Linley in Spring when you are so good as to say you will be glad to see me, with quite a longing feeling. I will not attempt to say how often my thoughts dwell upon the many hours I passed with you last spring, and how often I wish I had the power to fly down for a few days and renew them. My children are thank God, all well now except Louisa, whose eyes are still useless. For myself I only suffer by being obliged to be very idle, with abundance of rest I am very comfortable, and few in this world have so little reason to complain. I have been quite a prisoner of late, and have heard nothing. There is little I believe to hear if I circulated more. Barnes the Editor of the Lines[?] the 4th power in the state, says over his wine, that the Bill once passed, he shall write the Ministry out in six weeks and then shall proceed to write down the Church. He acknowledges to an old College jealousy of the Bishop of London as the cause of this last determination. Mr Majendie the famous French anatomist who is celebrated by the way for his barbarous experiments upon animals, has been dining in Brook Street on his return from Sunderland to Paris. He says the Cholera differs from other disorders, in that they end, but this beings with death. He has seen the most robust men, pass from apparent perfect health to death in one hour. He has invented the term [hole in paper] Graveriser[?] to express the change produced on the countenance in this extraordinary disease. We are all going tomorrow, 7 children to pass twelfth day in Brook St. Noise enough there will be. My dear Father your affectionate and dutiful daughter, Anne.



26 January 1832.  Printed note regarding subscribing for the Liverpool to Birmingham Railway.


[Envelope addressed to:]

James Caldwell Esq.

Linley Wood



W.S. Roscoe Esq., Liverpool.


[Printed letter.]


At an adjourned GENERAL MEETING of the subscribers to the Liverpool and Birmingham Railway, held at the Clarendon Rooms, South John Street, Liverpool, on Wednesday the 25th of January, 1832.


John Moss, Esq. in the Chair.


The Resolutions of the last General Meeting, and the Report of the Committee having been read as follows:-

“The Committee are desirous, upon the present occasion, considering the importance of the question now submitted to the Subscribers, to lay before them, in some detail, the result of their examination of the subject. In stating their views to the Meeting, some preliminary observations on the general prospects of Railway communication will not, they presume, be deemed irrelevant.

It will be remembered, that when this company was first projected, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway was still unfinished and untried. Since that time, the successful operation of that great enterprise, (which, it should be observed, was exposed to peculiar difficulties, and subjected to much expense, from which succeeding projects, profiting by its experience, will escape) has, they conceive, more than justified the opinion, which they declared at that time to the public, as to the advantages of Railway communication. They consider it now clearly establish, that undertakings of this nature, on great lines of travelling, will ensure to the projectors a certain and very considerable profit, and to the Public advantages which it would be difficult to over-rate. On this point, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway has furnished evidence both valuable and conclusive. The facilities it affords to travelling and to the transmission of Mechandize requiring speed, and the consequent immense extension of intercourse and traffic which has ensued, fully demonstrate the superiority of this mode of communication above all others, to a degree which must ultimately render it the sole conveyance for passengers, also the great thoroughfares of the kingdom. In confirmation of this opinion, your Committee beg to enumerate a few particulars respecting the travelling between Liverpool and Manchester, previous to and since the opening of the Railway.


The amount paid for Coach Travelling and for parcels, estimated according to the ascertained gross receipts of certain Coaches, in one year, was £55,000

Amount paid for Travelling by the Railway during the first year from its opening £99,700


Shewing an increase of the amount paid for Coach Travelling of nearly 100 percent. And if it be taken into account, that the fares are one-half less than were formerly charged, the increase in the number of persons carried will be found to have been at least 200 percent. an examination has also been made of the comparative numbers conveyed by Railway and by Coaches, respectively, at different periods of the year; with the view of discriminating the ratio of increase during the months in which many, from curiosity, or a desire of amusement alone, might have visited the Railway, from that observed in the winder quarters, when the travelling is chiefly restricted to the demands of necessary business. The very important result thus elicited is as follow:-


The money receipts from Passengers, by Coaches, between Liverpool and Manchester, in the years 1829 and 1830, averaged during the summer months £1,500 per week

Money receipts per Railway, during the same period of the year 1831,averaged £2,562 per week, shewing an increase of about 70 per cent.

Amount received, as above, by Coaches, during an average of winter months, was about £555 per week, amount received during the same period, per Railway £1,272 exhibiting an increase of 129 per cent.

But it ought to be stated, that there were other modes of communication, such as Packet-Boats, Chaises, &c. existing before the opening of the Railway, and which were afterwards partially or altogether suspended. In estimating the amount previously paid for public travelling, these ought to betaken into account, and would affect to a certain, but only very limited extent, the calculation just submitted. Making a far allowance under this head, the increase of the amount paid for travelling of all kinds, between Liverpool and Manchester, since the opening of the Railway, cannot be less than 70 percent. That the same, or greater results, would be exhibited on the Road now under discussion, cannot admit of a reasonable doubt; and when it is considered, that the vast population of the Metropolis, and it adjacent Ports, of all the counties lying southwest of the Trent, besides the active commercial communities of Birmingham, Manchester and Liverpool, are brought, as it were, into immediate contact, the Committee find it difficult to assign bounds to the profits that may be expected to flow from this branch of revenue.


“In the Carriage of Goods, the increase shewn by the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, is from 42,699 Tons Goods, and 2,889 Tons Coals in the first six months of 1831, to 65,231 Tons Goods, and 8,197 Tons Coals in the last six months.

It may be further mentioned, in proof of what a Railway is able to perform, that a regiment of 900 soldiers was lately conveyed to Liverpool, in about two hours from the time of their departure from Manchester; and this without any interruption to the ordinary travelling along the line. To complete the distance, according to the usual method of marching troops, would have occupied two days [x]


[x]  The establishment of the projected Railway from Birmingham to Warrington only, would enable the London Mails to arrive in Dublin and Scotland, at least six hours earlier than they now do.


These facts, with many others, which are already familiar to most of the Subscribers, afford satisfactory evidence of what may be effected by Railways; and, while they silence the objections formerly urged against them, hold out great encouragement to promoters of similar undertakings. The rapid rise in the value, and the present high price of shares in the Stockton and Darlington, and Liverpool and Manchester Railway Companies, afford satisfactory proof of the confidence with which they are regarded, as lucrative investments of capital.

Such being the confirmed impression of your Committee as to the benefits of Railway communication, they may now be asked whether they still entertain the same favourable opinion of this particular scheme, which they expressed upon its first publication. Every successive investigation which they have made has more thoroughly convinced them of the advantages which the project holds out to its supporters. The subscribers are already in possession of a statement (purposely computed on a most moderate scale,) shewing the present annual sum paid for travelling between Liverpool and Birmingham, and Manchester and Birmingham, severally. If to this amount be added the percentage of increase which has taken place in the instance of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the nett income from the branch of Public travelling alone, would yield upwards of 13 per cent upon the estimated outlay of the undertaking. But upon this head, they have further assurance in the broad, indisputable fact, that a rapid growth of intercourse, and consequent prosperity, have invariably rewarded improvements in the medium of communication. The opening of a road, as shewn in a hundred instances, often creates a traffic between places which, before, had no relations with each other: how much more, then, must such immense facilities as a Railway supplies, augment a trade already active, and prepared, with such encouragement, to assume new energy and expansion. On adverting, therefore, to the rapid progress of Liverpool, Manchester, and Birmingham, in population and opulence, and viewing the proposed line as the great link, connecting London and the South of England with Liverpool, Scotland, and Ireland, it must be seen, that an increase upon the present certain, that the benefit of communication by Railway cannot long be withheld from a thoroughfare of such commercial and national importance.

While the favourable expectations suggested by this undertaking have remained unchanged, the political and financial events of the past year, the failure of the Company’s Bill by the sudden dissolution of Parliament, and other causes, tending to excite anxiety and disappointment in the public mind, have induced several of the subscribers to the Birmingham end to embrace the opportunity afforded them, of withdrawing from the Company. The number of seceders from the Liverpool end, has, however, been very small, amounting to 810, upon 4,995 shares, a proof that the confidence of the Liverpool subscribers is unabated, they have now to decide, whether it is expedient to proceed at once, or to defer, for another year, the application for an Act of Parliament, continuing, however, united , and ready to profit by the reaction which the progress of a few months will not fail to produce in favour of a measure of such great and demonstrable advantage. The Committee are so fully persuaded of its wisdom and practicability, as to feel they expect, that among the first results of a return to political tranquility, will be its revival in public estimation. That a communication of such vast national importance, must, sooner or later, be opened, no one can for a moment doubt; it only remains for the Subscribers to decide, whether they will secure for themselves, or whether they will leave to others, the benefits of the undertaking which they originated, and of which they have already, with great expense and toil, prepared the successful accomplishment, with far more favourable prospects than attended their first application to Parliament.

John Moss, Chairman

Liverpool, January 24th, 1832.


It was resolved,

That the Report be approved.

That the prospect of advantage likely to be derived by the public and the proprietors, from the establishment of a Railway communication between Liverpool, Manchester and Birmingham and the Metropolis, becomes daily more encouraging, whilst the expediency and necessity of such a communication are apparent.

That one consolidated Company be now formed to be called “The Grand Junction Railway Company,”) for the establishment of Railway from the Warrington and Newton Railway, at Warrington, to Birmingham, or from or to any other point or place between Liverpool, Manchester and Birmingham, which may seem more desirable to the Committee of Management to be now appointed; and that application be made to Parliament for an Act of Incorporation, in the present or some future Session or Sessions, at the discretion of the Committee.


The Scipholders in the late Liverpool and Birmingham Company be entitled to exchange their Scrip, for an equal number of Scrip in the present undertaking, and to increase the number of their share out of the relinquished Scrip to an extent not exceeding one-half of their present number of Shares, on paying the sum of £2 9s for each such additional share, on or before the 3rd day of February next, or on or before such extended time as the committee shall for that purpose appoint.

That all other persons desiring to become Subscribers shall pay 5per Share.

That the Gentlemen of the Committee of the Liverpool and Birmingham Railway Company, [‘appointed’ crossed out] be requested to continue their services, and that they, or such of them as shall consent to act, be appointed a Committee of Management, and that they continue in office until the Act for Liverpool, (with power to supply vacancies, and add to their numbers, so as the Committee exceed not 14 for Liverpool, and 14 for Birmingham) and that at all meetings of the Committee, or of Sub-committees, the Chairman for the time being shall in case of need, have a second or casting vote.

That the above Gentlemen be and they are hereby invested with full discretionary powers for carrying the undertaking into complete effect, in the present or any other future Session of Parliament, and, particularly, powers to make arrangements with Land Owners and others, and with the Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company, and the Warrington and Newton Railway Company, as to the latter, as well with reference to the use of their present line, as also to the proposed extension thereof, for powers to make which they have given notice of their intention to apply for Parliament in the present session.

That the said Committee be, and they are hereby authorized to appoint Select and Sub-committees for dividing the labours of the undertaking, and to delegate to them all or any of their own powers.

That the Capital  of the Company be £1,000,000, to be divided into Shares of 100 each, which the Committee may dispose of in the first place to Scripholders as before provided, and the residue according to their discretion, reserving such number as they see fit for distribution amongst Land Owners and other influential persons.

That the Parliamentary undertaking, and also an agreement between the Subscribers, be immediately prepared on the basis of these resolutions, and with such other provisions as the Committee may think expedient.

That the Committee have power to appoint Bankers, Solicitors, Engineers, and other Officers and Agents, for carrying the undertaking into effect.

That the thanks to the Meeting be given to the Committee for their excellent Report, and that the same be printed and circulated amongst the Subscribers.

John Moss, Chairman.

The Chairman having risen, resolved, that the thanks of the Meeting be given to him for his conduct as Chair.


Grand Junction Railway


Referring to the foregoing Resolutions, you are particularly requested without delaly to signify the number of Shares which you desire to hold in this undertaking, by letter, to Mr. Chorley, the Secretary, at the Office of the Company, in Cook street, Liverpool, or to the care of,

Your obedient Servants,

Pritt & Clay,

Solicitors, Union Court,


26th January 1832.






7 February 1832.  Envelope addressed to James Caldwell.  Contents misplaced.


London, February seven 1832


  1. Caldwell Esq

Linley Wood



E.R. Stubbs.






16 February 1832.  Envelope addressed to James Caldwell, post mark 16 Feb 1832.  Contents misplaced.


London February sixteen 1832


  1. Caldwell Esq

Linley Wood








21 February 1832.  Envelope addressed, to James Caldwell, post mark 21 Feb 1832.  Contents misplaced.


London, February Twenty one


  1. Caldwell

Linley Wood







23 February 1832.  Envelope addressed to James Caldwell. Contents misplaced.


London, February 23, 1832


  1. Caldwell Esq

Linley Wood



P.H. Howard






30 March 1832.  Envelope addressed to James Caldwell, post mark 30 March 1832.  Contents misplaced.


  1. Caldwell Esq

Linley Wood



B Heywood






  1. Anne Marsh’s first book is published “Two Old Men’s Tales”. It is an immediate success and goes to a second edition in the same year.



  1. Indenture Mary and Edie Crompton.



[ Rough scribble draft letter/indenture of some sort. Very difficult to read.]

This indenture made the – day of 1835 between –

[‘We the undersigned Mary Crompton, Edie Crompton – and –‘ crossed out]

Executors named and appointed in the last Will and Testament of –  in their named P.C. Crompton deceased died of the James Caldwell of Linley Wood in the County of Stafford Esq, - of the 2nd party, of the 8.d.p.t. witnesseth that in [certain?] of 5/ a piece do hereby at the regard of and by the direction of the within mentioned James Caldwell assign transfer and set over All and singular the Messuages Lands, Tenements and Hereditaments which in and by the within Indenture or by the Indenture of [demise?] of 9th day of July 1822 therein recorded and confirmed to were granted to or rested in the deceased Peter Crompton and his executors and assignees for the term of 200 years. In Name and to Hold the said Messuages, Lands, Tenements, and Hereditments unto the – his assignes and – and –for all the said  - - term of 2000 years now to come and – the same Trust and to and for the same intents and purposes as are mentioned and to transfer of and concerning the same in and by the within written Indenture for Witness as –






3 March 1835.  Extract of a letter from Elizabeth Wedgwood to her mother. This is taken from page 266, of Vol 1 of "Emma Darwin, A Century of Family Letters" published 1915.  The letter is addressed from Clapham, and dated Tuesday 3rd March 1835.  The extract reads as follows:

Saturday we dined at the [Marshes] . . . Anne was very pleasant, and when we got round the fire after dinner she talked a great deal with an openness that was very  engaging about her book [Two Old Men's Tales] and her feelings.  I was in hopes that her being known as the author would have saved her from hearing disagreeable things; but she told us of some things that had been said that she would have given a thousand pounds rather than they should have been said.  I cannot think who could tell her.  She was very much amused when she dinned at Lady Millman's to find Mr Murray paying court to her as if she was somebody.  I think the vexation of being known has more than counterbalanced the pleasure of her success, but the pleasure of the writing itself seems to be very great.



3 May 1835.  Extract of a letter from Madame Sismondi to her niece Emma Wedgwood. This is taken from page 267, of Vol 1 of "Emma Darwin, A Century of Family Letters" published 1915.  The letter is dated 3 May 1835.  The extract reads as follows:

I think Anne's Tales particularly interesting; they both robbed me of some of those precious tears I am so chary of shedding.  I prefer the first, there is greater purity and far greater truth.  The Admiral's Daughter is deficient in both these qualities, and interesting as it is, I can hardly forgive its immorality.  Nevertheless I should like to read more by the same author, and shall be sorry if indeed she is, as she now feels, exhausted. 



1836, December 22.  Part of a letter from Anne Marsh to Mrs Young confirming that she is in fact the anonymous authoress of "Two old Mens Tales" published in 1834 and "Tales of the Woods & Fields" published in 1836.  Presumably Mrs Young is Mary Young (nee Abbott) who was the wife of George Frederick Young (1791-1870) Shipowner and Merchant of London, M.P. 1832-1838 and 1851-1852.  His father was Vice-Admiral William Young (1761-1847).  This letter is in the British Library (Add 46713 f 90) in the papers of George Frederick Young.  The letter reads as follows:


The Parke B. Heath

Thursday 22 December 1836

Pax! Pax! Pax! My dear Mrs Young, and tell me I am yet in time to disperse the Clouds of your threatened "everlasting displeasure", which I have allowed thus long to collect, but feel sure, if they have not already burst in lucky forgetfulness of my and my sins, through the dissipating nature of Xmas preparations, and Schoolboy's return home.  They will at least dissolve in pity and forgiveness, at the recital of the various excitements and engrossed feelings not sufferings thank God! which the yet more awful storms and visitations of Heaven, have occasioned us for ourselves, and still more for our friends, but let me first bravely face the attack of why and wherefore I never told you Mrs Arthur Marsh was an Authoress simply because I am not an "Old Man" and do not therefore tell "Tales", especially Tales I have been enjoined to keep secret, no matter to me how this same secret becomes known to everyone, and is revealed to me from North, South, East and West, with a similar enquiry to your "Is it true . . . ?" till at length I find it so publicly known, that at least the "Old Man" wears petticoats, when he walks in the "Woods & Fields" that he is at once boldly femininized by his Coat picker W. Quarterly, who nevertheless (I agree with you) gives him due praise, as well as (I hope for the sake of our English nobility) due censure, and I agree with you in hoping the next, if any next there should be, will be "better", though I should say in plot, more than in style, and give the reading world more insight into all the best workings of the human Heart, with less to ponder on, that is evil and miserable.  The Papers seem enough with such thoughts and deeds of real living Men and Women, and I agree with Mrs Trollope, that many a mind gets imbued with ideas of evil, that might never have tainted it, but for the quantity of the sort that it published, and however true of our nature, or well depicted and even morally conducted and concluded, it were better withheld.  The Books in question abound also with body Sentiments of piety and moralities and good feelings, but our fallen nature, is so apt to chide the Evil rather than the Good, that I always wish all Books and Papers recited a preponderance attraction the other way, but dear me, you do not ask my opinion about the Books, but to tell you all I could about the writer, and how shall I answer you?  Unless in her own words that she is neither "particularly this" nor "particularly that", tall and thin and wears spectacles in general.  Do you not chance to remember her, the day you so kindly called on us in Stanhope Place, as you entered our room from a Wedding, in Lavender silk, white B . . . and Plume.  She quitted it, in similar attire, to go to a Wedding Déjeuner.  She certainly is clever in many ways more by her own exertions, than by original education, which in a country place in Staffordshire, and from the fashions, or mode of teaching in her days, was limited, and accomplishments little cultivated, so that she neither sings, plays, draws, or even speaks French well, to be noted for either performance, but having by nature an enquiring mind, and intuitive quickness of observation, and great energy, and having many clever and learned connections, and fond of society, for its own sake, caring nought for the forms of it, she has not only improved herself, but has still more merit, in the unsparing exertions, and their successful result, with which she has entirely conducted the education of six girls, three only are yet grown up to be 18, 16 and 15, and they now assist in teaching the 3 younger.  She also grounded well her only Boy who now comes to School here.  Her profits of her pen have given her elder girls some best Masters for Music etc, and they promise to do well, and all have a natural turn for drawing and languages moreover they all contrive to please and make friends wherever they go by their nice and perfectly artless manners, and altogether are an interesting, happy and attached party, and we, of course, love them all dearly.  My brother you have seen, years ago, he has a plain face but good Head and good Heart, and would not exchange one of his Girls for ten Boys he says, and here ends my history of an "Old Man", or rather "Two Old Men", which may better excuse its length, and are you satisfied?  My next topic must be sincerely to wish you and yours a cheerful Season and many returns of it in health and comfort.  Your five Branches are, I conclude, assembled round you, all well and merry hearted I trust and Mr Young, free enough in mind, as in person, to give you an agreeable daily prospect at dinner time.  My third subject, to thank you equally for not inviting us now, when we must have the pain of saying no, and for so kindly, as we think, asking us to endure your "unfortunate work", in Spring, for "ere" Spring, I fear, I must equally forebear, and endure, from now till May, a much greater endurance than passing a few days with kind friends, no matter where, or what, their abode, unless indeed it was in the frozen ocean.  My trial is, to give up all visits, morning or evening, and even exercise out of doors for a fortnight together, but I am repaid (or I was last year) by averting visits from the Doctor, or being laid up.



23 May 1837.  Extract of a letter from Emma Wedgwood to her sister-in-law Mrs Hensleigh Wedgwood. This is taken from page 276, of Vol 1 of "Emma Darwin, A Century of Family Letters" published 1915.  The letter is addressed from Maer and dated 23 May 1837.  The extract reads as follows:

Disputes run very high here upon the subject of Violet [Violet la danseuse, a pathetic novel that had a great success].  Some of the party are quite convinced it is written by a women and have some suspicions it is Mrs Marsh.  She acted very well when she was here if it is hers, and did not show the least interest on the subject.  I think it is much too clever for the author of the two last old men [Two Old Men's Tales].




26 October 1837

Letter from Arthur Cuthbert Marsh to Josiah Wedgwood (1769-1843).  Arthur’s letter seal is a shield with three crowns on the left half and four left facing lions passant on the right half.  The right half also has a large vertical/horizontal cross covering it.  Arthur’s address is 11 King’s Road, Bedford Row, London.




10 November 1837

Letter from Arthur Cuthbert Marsh to Josiah Wedgwood (1769-1843).  Arthur’s letter seal is a man’s head wearing a helmet facing left.


16 January 1838.  James Caldwell died at Linley Wood.


Note possibly written by James Caldwell earlier in his life when he thought he was going to die.


To my dear Children

The duration of human life is in every period of it so extremely uncertain that it is very possible I may not be permitted to witness your arrival at an age sufficiently mature to enable you to comprehend the counsel I could wish to impart [‘to you’ crossed out] which [met?] so requisite to the inexperience of youth. I will therefore put down any directions or observations that may accord to my mind [continuing in pencil] which my present age …[rest written in very light pencil. Could be James Caldwell’s writing].







12 April 1838

Letter written from James Stamford Caldwell to Josiah Wedgwood.  Stamford is executing the will of James Caldwell, who had recently died leaving a legacy of £5,000 to Anne Marsh.  The letter reads as follows:


Linley Wood               April 12 1838

My dear Sir

I propose to pay off the £5,000 due on my sister Anne Marsh’s Settlement directly.  Pray tell me into what bank you wish it paid.  Dr Holland’s – your co-trustee’s – Bankers are Messers Drummond – do you wish it to be paid there?  You will have to execute a regular release to me which shall be got ready for your signature very soon.

I am my dear Sir

faithfully yours

J Stamford Caldwell.


The letter is addressed on the outside to Josiah Wedgwood Esq, Maer Hall, Newcastle-under-Lyme.


Josiah has noted a copy of his reply on the same sheet of paper.  This reads as follows:
I have written to Mr Marsh on the subject of your letter of … in our need yesterday.  I have no objection to the money being paid in at Drummonds.  I have no copy of the settlement and it will be required that the Release should be paid on my behalf.  It will probably save time if you send the Draft to Mr Marsh as I have proposed Mr Delmer who is intimately acquainted with the settlement should procure the Release for the Trustee’s.




12 April 1838.  Letter written from James Stamford Caldwell to Josiah Wedgwood.  Stamford is executing the will of James Caldwell, who had died three months previously (16 January) leaving a legacy of £5,000 to Anne Marsh.  Wedgwood Archive (28-20694).  The letter reads as follows:



Linley Wood               April 12 1838

My dear Sir

I propose to pay off the £5,000 due on my sister Anne Marsh’s Settlement directly.  Pray tell me into what bank you wish it paid.  Dr Holland’s – your co-trustee’s – Bankers are Messers Drummond – do you wish it to be paid there?  You will have to execute a regular release to me which shall be got ready for your signature very soon.

I am my dear Sir

faithfully yours

J Stamford Caldwell.


The letter is addressed on the outside to Josiah Wedgwood Esq, Maer Hall, Newcastle-under-Lyme.  Josiah has noted a copy of his reply on the same sheet of paper.  This reads as follows:


I have written to Mr Marsh on the subject of your letter of … in our need yesterday.  I have no objection to the money being paid in at Drummonds.  I have no copy of the settlement and it will be required that the Release should be paid on my behalf.  It will probably save time if you send the Draft to Mr Marsh as I have proposed Mr Delmer who is intimately acquainted with the settlement should procure the Release for the Trustee’s.




Note from W White Directory of Staffordshire 1844


AUDLEY PARISH: Talk-on-the-Hill, or, as it is vulgarly called Talk-o'th'-Hill, is a large village, 5 miles, North by West of Newcastle-under-Lyme, standing on a lofty eminence, which commands an extensive view of the surrounding country as far as the Welch mountains. . .  (There are) two gentlemen's seats, viz.  Clough Hall, Thomas Kinnersley, Esq., and Lindley Wood, James Caldwell, Esq.  These gentlemen, and R E Heathcote, Esq. own most of the land.