I have have the following sources of information relating to Abraham Crompton:
1. A small minature portrait (now stolen) had been passed down in the family. This oval minature had an inscripton on the back stating that it was supposed to be of Abrahm Crompton of Chorley Hall, Lancashire who was the great grandfather of Anne Marsh-Caldwell. Anne's mother was Elizabeth Caldwell(nee Stamford, 1754-1831) who's mother was Hannah Stamford (nee Crompton, 1720-1788) daughter of John Crompton (1682-1750) who was the son of Abraham Crompton (1649?-1724). If the portrait is of Anne Marsh-Caldwell's ancestor Abraham Crompton then it must be Abraham Crompton (1649?-1724), her great great grandfather. If the portrait is of Anne's great grandfather then it must be of John Crompton (1682-1750) and this would possibly be more in keeping with the possible date of the portrait. On the other hand it could be John's brother, the younger Abraham Crompton (1690-1766).
2. Burke's Peerage gives an overview of the Caldwell family and the Crompton family. Under the Caldwell section, it states that Hannah Stamford's father was a John Crompton of Chorley Hall, Lancaster, which property was aquired by that branch of the family soon after the rebellion in 1715. Hannah was a decendent of the Rev John Crompton MA born in 1641 and cousin of Samuel Crompton of Derby, Esq, and a cousin of Henry Cope of Duffield, Esq,: a share of whose personel estate came to Hannah's daughter Elizabeth Caldwell (nee Stamford).
3. Information supplied to me by Sheila Howells who has researched this from many sources including the Crompton Papers in the Derby Local History Library.
4. In the Derbyshire Record Office (Matlock) there is an indenture dated 13 July 1711 which involves three parties; Abraham Crompton of Derby, Mary Noyld of Callowhill near Tilhorne, Staffordshire, and George Horobin of Deby. Abraham's seal consists of a bird facing left and what looks like a branch of a tree above it. He signs his name Abra Crompton.
I understand that Abraham Crompton was a Wool Merchant and Banker.
A letter relating to his son Abraham Crompton is as follows:
Sept 10 1762
As ceremony is an idle thing upon most occasions more especially to persons in my state of mind, I shall proceed immediately to acquaint you with the motive and end of addressing this epistle to you, which is equally interesting to us both, you are to know then that my present situation in life is such that I should prefer annihilation to a continuall of it, desperate diseases require desperate remedies, and you are the man I have pitched upon either to make me or unmake me yourself, for I never had the honour tolive among the greater, the tenor of my proposals will not be very courtly, but let that be an argument to inforce the belief of what I am now going to write, it has imployed my invention for some time, to find out a redress for my present agonies without hazarding too much my own safety; now for the application of it. I am desperate, and must be provided for; you have it in your power, it is my business to make it your inclination to serve me, which you must determine to comply with, by procuring for me in a months time the sum of fifty pounds which in six years with reasonable interest, shall faithfully be paid back to you, or him you make your heir, so I have given that [hole in letter] and as I wish you well and all mankind I would have you think seriously upon it. Secrecy and compliance may preserve you from all danger: but think I know the world too well to trust my secret in any breast but my own, a few weeks determine me you friend or enemy. Within the limited time; observe on the left hand the steps as you come down to the front gate post exactly over against the ninth bar from the gate post a little sod cut in the flat close to the wall; under which you’le find a little oyl’d leather bag; where you may put the money safely and securely till such time I call for it, or in case of refusal stones and fire are my executioners.
P.S. Order this affair in the night for fear anybody should see you. I am no murderer.
For Mr Abraham Crompton
To Peter Brook and Thomas Gillibrand Esqs, and Abraham Crompton Gent.
It is now about six months ago since I writt a letter on the same subject as the following, which tho’ it proved abortive and all things now seem quiet on that account yet do assure yourselves if my request is still to be rejected I shall most certainly use such means as may at last convince you that I am in earnest. And though twas never my design to have recourse to time yet I shall not fail to harass you with almost incessant mischief: for what is it any won would not do when a prospect of a great importance stands in his view yet for want of money can’t come at it? How ardently could I wish I had any other means to compass my desire but alas [have?] no other hope then what this unwarrantable method may afford, consider it your own condition; and then try if in your imaginations you can conceive some light ideas of mine: And from such thought only resolve through point of generous goodwill to assist a distressed object when he makes such a proposal as you can’t think he means to wrong you, which was never my intention towards any won: though I’ve cause to conjecture had discovered me in my late adventure I might in all probability have had some occasion to have been providing for my latter and, which if I had no more to answer for than on account thereof, would have been very welcome tome. Death could but have been the utmost exertion of blind zeal putting a period to the [existence?] of a life scarcely for [illegible] of death. Was the unthinking burden [hole in letter] for a time, what if not redress I must experience the remainder of my miserable days, [hole in letter] the most obdurate unrelenting breast could not but chuse to have compassion on such an object, especially since my request is so far bounded as to desire nothing more than what might be consistent with an unprejudicial gratitude. Worldly wealth I’m not ambitious of any further then what may be a handsome supper with industrous management. And though the sum of eighty pounds a piece is what I must require yet was it twice that sum it now lays in my power to make so considerable an advantage thereof as even to dubble it in a very short time. Don’t imagine I am only building castles in the air or fear I shall anyways banggle away the money, for let me tell you my scheme’s infallible and [hole in letter – disposition?] the reverse to that of an extravagant: Both which things you’ll better believe when you come to be acquainted with the designs and conduct of the author only I mention these particulars in order that you may have nothing to object. But if you knew how much it lays in my power inform [one?] of some things I [hole in letter] need to use so many arguments to induce you to compliance in this affair but it is altogether improper and dangerous to my project even to give the least hint till such time as by oath you’ve assured me of a profound secrecy when I shall not fail to unravel the whole unto you. So now if possibly you can think these lines of any consequence you also not fail each of you to make me a [writing?] in some such like a manner as what I’ve here proposed unto you. Finally wishing your designs as good towards me, as mine to all the world at present.
Mr Abraham Crompton
I N.N. of N Hall does herby promise to the author of that writeing which was dropt at Mr. Abraham Cromptons of Chorley on the night of the ninth of Marsh last past that if the said author of the said writeing will come and submit himself to me the said N.N. I will both forgive him his offence on account of the said writeing and will also lend unto him the sum of eighty pound current money of Great Britain and also further promise that I will never discover the least secret with which the said author may acquaint me except it be with his own consent but then the said money must be paid back with full interest at the expiration of the term of five years to be accounted from the time that he receives it which shall be as soon as required but if he refuses or neglects to perform what I’ve here prescribed on his part I will when the said term is expired be so far absolved from ties of secrecy as may be only required for the recovery of the money whilst on the other hand if it is returned at the appointed time this affair shall most invilalably be kept a secret and these my other ingagements most faithfully be performed unto which I here subscribe the sacred name of the
Al—gh-y G-d for and as a witness
Most ardently wishing by this my hand writeing that d-vi-e Ju-s may inflict upon me the most horrid C-rs-s that possibly can befall me in this world or in the World to come if I the said N.N. does not perform these my promises to which also as witness the underwritten gentlemen has subscribed their names.
To preserve these from the wet fowld them up in the same manner you found this writeing and in the dusk of an evening order them laid (by won whom it will be proper to sware to Secrecy) in won of those heaps of earth on the side of the causeway that leads over the middle of Chorley Moor in a strite line betwixt James Rigby’s commonly called Stuart and the nursery of trees belonging to Mr Gillibrand, but to prevent any mistake let won go immediately to the place where if he examines the left hand heaps on the side towards the said Rigby’s he will find a small hole thrust there in which is the exact place I’d have you conceal the writeings wherein you must specify that ower of the night at which I may meet each of you in that new building under the door of which I put first letter.
Chorley, April 11th 1763
Whereas a letter was put under the door of Mr. Abraham Crompton, of Chorley in September last, in which the said Mr. Crompton was ordered to lay fifty pounds in a hole made for that purpose, within the pales in the front of his house; and if this demand was not immediately complied with; fire and stones were to be his executioners. And also another letter of the same kind, and wrote by the same person, was found on the tenth of last month in the court of the said Mr. Crompton, directed to Peter Brooke, and Thomas Gillibrand, esquires, and Abraham Crompton, gentleman, demanding two hundred and forty pounds, or in case of refusal, they might expect to be harassed with incessant mischief. And in consequence of these threats, in the night between the fourth and fifth of this instant several windows at that [fold in paper] and Mr Crompton, were broke by the person it is presumed who wrote the said letters.
This is therefore to give Notice,
That these incendiary letters are in the hands of Mr John Hollinshead, of Chorley, to be seen and examined by any person in order to prove the hand, and if possible to find out the author. And we whose names are hereunto subscribed do promise a reward of twenty guineas, to any person that shall discover and give information who wrote the said letters or broke the said windows, to be paid immediately after the conviction of the offender.
Signature and Seal of Arbraham Crompton. This is taken from an Indenture which is in the Derbyshire Record Office (Matlock). It is dated 13 July 1711 and involves three parties; Abraham Crompton of Derby, Mary Noyld of Callowhill near Tilhorne, Staffordshire, and George Horobin of Deby. The crest on the seal appears to be of a bird and above it is what looks like a small branch. We don't know if this was Abraham Crompton's crest but it may have been.
The Derby Bank
The Crompton family bank was probably started around 1685 by Abraham Crompton (1649 -1724) of Chorley Hall. It then progressed over the years with various sons and grandsons etc being involved. Name changes appear to be as follows:
Samuel & Abraham Crompton from c.1725
Samuel, Joshua & Gilbert Crompton by 1780
John & Samuel Crompton by 1790
Crompton & Co by 1799
Crompton, Newton & Co by 1810
Crompton, Newton, Leaper & Co by 1812
Crompton, Newton & Co by 1846
The bank eventually became part of Natwest and then RBS.