Elizabeth's will is dated 4 June 1788 with a Codicil dated 15 June 1790. It was proved at London 3 May 1798. As Elizabeth had no surviving children or grandchildren she left most of her estate to her nephew Philip Crowe and also made small bequests to a wide number of her other relatives, friends and servants. Elizabeth's will thus gives much information. It reads as follows:
I Elizabeth Dalton of Swaffham in the County of Norfolk Widow being of sound mind memory and understanding (praised be God for the same) do make Publish and Declare this Writing to be my last Will and Testament in manner following that is to say ffirst I give and devise unto my Nephew Philip Crowe of Earl Soham in the County of Suffolk Draper all and singular my Messuages Lands & Tenements and Hereditaments situate lying and being in Swaffham aforesaid To hold the same Premises with the Appurtenances (subject to and Charged with the Annuity hereinafter bequeathed to my Sister Anna Miller of Swaffham aforesaid Widow at the time and in manner herein after mentioned) unto the said Philip Crowe and his Heirs for ever and I do hereby give devise and bequeath unto the said Anna Miller and her Assigns during the Term of her natural life an Annuity clear yearly rent or Sum of Thirty Pounds of lawful Money of Great Britain to be issuing and payable out of the aforesaid Heredits. and premises free of all Taxes and Charges and deductions what ever by four equal Payments in the year that is to say on the fifth Day of April the fifth Day of July the Tenth Day of October and the fifth Day of January the first Payment thereof to commence on the first of the said Days that shall happen next after my decease and my Mind and Will is that in case the said Annuity or yearly Sum of thirty Pounds or any part thereof shall be unpaid by the space of thirty Days next after the Days or Times whereon the same is herein before appointed to be paid then it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Anna Miller to enter into and upon all or any part of the aforesaid Hereditaments and Premises and the rents and profits thereof to receive and take until she be fully paid and satisfied all arrears of the said Annuity and all Costs and Charges that shall be occasioned by the Nonpayment thereof Also I give and bequeath to William Mason of Necton in the County of Norfolk Esquire Ten Guineas as a small return for the many Civilities I have received from him and also I bequeath to William Mason his Son my four Silver Candlesticks and I bequeath to John Mason another Son of the said William Mason Two Silver Sauceboats also I bequeath to ffrances Elizabeth Dalton the Daughter of ffrancis Dalton of Swaffham aforesaid Esquire a Silver Tea Pot and Cream Pail Also I give to Caroline the Daughter of my Nephew the Reverend Henry Crowe a Silver Sugar Basket Also I give to Catherine Crowe my Goddaughter the Daughter of the said Philip Crowe a Silver Coffee Pot and Silver Cream Pot Also I give and bequeath to my Sister Dorcas Crowe ffifty Guineas to be paid her within six months after my decease _ and I request her to accept of this Legacy with my parrot the care of which I entreat her to undertake Also I bequeath to the said ffrances Elizabeth Dalton the Sum of one hundred Pounds of lawful Money of Great Britain to be paid into the Hands of the said ffrancis Dalton her father within six Months after my decease and I do request and direct the said ffrancis Dalton to Put and Place out the said Sum of one hundred Pounds (after deducting the Expenses of receiving the same) at Interest until the said ffrances Elizabeth Dalton attains the age of twenty one years and then to call in and Pay the same to the said ffrances Elizabeth Dalton with all the Interest that shall be made thereof in the mean time and I do hereby declare that the receipt of the said ffrancis Dalton for the said Sum of one hundred Pounds shall be a good and effectual Discharge to my Executors for the same Also I bequeath to the said Catherine Crowe my Goddaughter the Daughter of the said Philip Crowe the Sum of one hundred Pounds to be received and taken by the said Philip Crowe her father immediately after my decease and I do direct and request the said Philip Crowe to Put and Place the said Sum of one hundred Pounds out at Interest until the said Catherine Crowe attains the age of twenty one years and then to call in and Pay the same to the said Catherine Crowe with the Interest that shall be made Also I bequeath to William Cooper of Swaffham aforesaid Gentleman ten Guineas to be paid within one month after my decease Also I bequeath to Elizabeth Large of Swaffham aforesaid Spinster ffive Guineas to be paid within one Month after my decease Also I give to Mary the Wife of Edwards of East Dereham in the County of Norfolk Watchmaker ffive Guineas to be paid within one Month after my decease (she being my late Servant) Also I bequeath to Sarah ffox Twenty five Guineas if she lives with me at the time of my decease if not I give her ffifteen Guineas only to be paid within six Months after my decease Also I give to Elizabeth Watts Twenty Guineas if she shall be my servant at the time of my decease if not I give to her ten Guineas only to be paid within six Months after my decease Also I give and bequeath to the Poor Widows residing in the Parish of Swaffham aforesaid Twenty Guineas to be paid in one Month after my decease amongst such of them and in such shares and Proportions as my Executors herein after named shall think Proper Also I give and bequeath all the residue of my Silver and Plate unto the said Dorcas Crowe my Sister to be delivered to her within one Month after my decease Also I give and bequeath all my Dresden laced fine and best Linen and all my China Glass Pictures and other ornaments and Trinkets that shall be in or about my Dwelling House at the time of my decease and not hereinbefore disposed of unto my said Sisters Anna Miller and Dorcas Crowe equally to be divided and delivered to them by my Executors immediately after my decease
Also I bequeath all my Household Goods and ffurniture Table and Household Linen unto my said Sister Anna Miller (except such parts thereof as I may at any time hereafter by any writing under my hand desire or request to be given to any other person) to be delivered to her within One month after my decease
Also I give all my Cloathes Wearing Apparel and Linen except such as are hereinbefore bequeathed or disposed of) unto the said Sarah ffox my Servant if she shall live with me at the time of my decease if not Then I give the same to my said Sister Dorcas Crowe to dispose of as she shall think Proper Also I give and bequeath to the said Philip Crowe after and subject to the Payment of my Just Debts the Several Legacies Sums of Money and things herein by me bequeathed my ffuneral Charges which I desire may be conducted in as frugal a Manner as can be and the expenses attending the proving and executing this my Will) All my Monies in the Public Stocks or ffunds and other Monies Mortgages Bonds Notes and Securities for Money and Personal Estate and Effects of What nature or kind soever the same shall be or consist at the time of my decease upon Trust Nevertheless and for the Purposes hereinafter mentioned that is to say upon Trust that he the said Philip Crowe his Executors or Administrators shall and do immediately after my decease call in and collect such Monies and Personal Estate and Place out the same at Interest on good real or Government Security and the Interest therefrom coming or arising after deducting the Charges of getting in and receiving the same Monies and Interest shall and do Pay the same unto my said Sister Dorcas Crowe during the Term of her natural life and after the decease of the said Dorcas Crowe Then upon Trust that he the said Philip Crowe his Executors or Admors. shall and do pay and apply the Interest therefrom coming or arising unto amongst and for the benefit of the Children of the said Philip Crowe until the youngest of them attains his or her age of twenty one Years and when and as soon as the youngest Child of the said Philip Crowe attains his or her age of twenty one Years then upon Trust that he the said Philip Crowe his Exors. or Admors. shall and do call in and pay the said Trust Monies unto and amongst all the Children of the said Philip Crowe in equal shares and Proportions To whom I give and bequeath the same for their own use and benefit absolutely and I do hereby direct that my Executors hereinafter named shall not be accountable for any more Money than he or they shall respectively actually receive by virtue of this my Will and that the one shall not be answerable or accountable for the Acts or Deeds of the other but each for his own Act only I nominate constitute and appoint my respected ffriend the Reverend William Young Rector of Necton aforesaid and the said Philip Crowe Executors of this my Will and I bequeath to and request the said William Young to accept of Ten Guineas for his Trouble Lastly I revoke all other Wills and Testaments by me made In Witness whereof I the said Elizabeth Dalton the Testatrix have to this my last Will and Testament contained and written on two sheets of paper to the first sheet thereof subscribed my Hand and to this second and last sheet thereof subscribed and set my Hand and Seal this fourth Day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty Eight Eliz: Dalton (SS) the writing contained in this and the preceeding sheet of paper hereto annexed was signed and sealed by the above named Elizabeth Dalton the Testatrix and by her Published and declared to be her last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in her presence at her request and in the presence of each other have subscribed our Names as Witnesses thereto
Thos. Bodham Thos. Lay Wm. Yarington
A Codicil to be added to and taken for and as part of the last Will and Testament of me Elizabeth Dalton of Swaffham in the County of Norfolk Widow Whereas I have in and by my last Will and Testament bearing date the fourth Day of June which was in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty Eight bequeathed to Sarah ffox my then Servant twenty five Guineas if she should live with at the time of my decease if not I give her ffifteen Guineas only and whereas since my making the above recited Will the Conduct and Behaviour of the said Sarah ffox have incurred my Displeasure and obliged me to Dismiss her from my service and I do therefore hereby revoke and make absolutely void all Sum and Sums of Money that I have given and bequeathed to her by the said Will Nevertheless I do hereby give and bequeath to the person that shall live with me as Servant instead of the said Sarah ffox at the time of my decease the Sum of Ten Guineas to be paid within six Months after my decease and whereas I have also by my said Will bequeathed all my Household Goods and ffurniture Table and Household Linen unto my Sister Anna Miller (except as therein is excepted) Now I do hereby revoke the last mentioned Bequest and do give and bequeath all my said Household Goods and ffurniture Table and Household Linen (except such Parts thereof as I may at any time hereafter request or desire to be given to any other Person unto my Sisters Dorcas Crowe and Anna Miller equally to be divided between them within one Month after my decease and I do hereby ratify and confirm the above mentioned Will of the fourth of June one thousand seven hundred and Eighty Eight in all other Respects and do will and desire that this Codicil shall be added to deemed and taken as Part thereof In Witness whereof I the said Elizabeth Dalton have to this Codicil subscribed and set my Hand and seal this fifteenth Day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Ninety Eliz. Dalton (SS) Signed Sealed Published and Declared by the above named Elizabeth Dalton as and for a Codicil to be added to and be part of her last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in her presence and at her request have subscribed our Names as Witnesses thereto
Susan Jermyn Wm Yarington
This Will was Proved at London with a Codicil the third Day of May in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Ninety Eight before the Right Honorable Sir William Wynne Knight Doctor of Laws Master Keeper or Commissary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury lawfully constituted by the Oath of Philip Crowe the Surviving Executor named in the said Will to whom administration was granted of all and singular the Goods Chattels and Credits of the deceased having been first Sworn by Commission duly to administer. Exd.
Extracted from the Registry of His Majesty's Court of Prerogative in Ireland.
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INDEX TO PERSONS IN THIS WILL
DALTON, Elizabeth. Testatrix, Widow, of Swaffham, Norfolk.
BODHAM, Thos. Witness to Will.
COOPER, William. Gentleman of Swaffham.
CROWE, Caroline. Daughter of nephew Rev. Henry Crowe.
CROWE, Catherine. Daughter of nephew Philip Crowe.
CROWE, Dorcas. Sister.
CROWE, Henry Rev. Nephew.
CROWE, Philip. Nephew, Executor, Draper of Earl Soham, Suffolk.
DALTON, Frances Elizabeth, daughter of Francis Dalton of Swaffham, Esq.
DALTON, Francis Esq., of Swaffham [probably nephew of Testatrix's late husband Francis].
EDWARDS, Mary. Late Servant, wife of Edwards of East Dereham, Watchmaker.
FOX, Susan. Servant, later dismissed.
JERMYN, Susan. Witness to Codicil.
LARGE, Elizabeth, Spinster of Swaffham.
LAY, Thos. Witness to Will.
MASON, John, son of William Mason Esq.
MASON, William Esq., of Necton, Norfolk.
MASON, William, son of William Mason Esq.
MILLER, Anna. Sister, Widow.
WATTS, Elizabeth. Servant.
YARINGTON, Wm. Witness to Will & Codicil.
YOUNG, William Rev. Friend, Executor (deceased by time of Probate), Rector of Necton.
Her memorial, together with that of her brother, inside the Church at Swaffham, reads as follows:
In memory of Phillip Crow who departed this life the 28th day of August 1737 aged 18 years.
Also of Elizabeth Dalton his sister Relict of Francis Dalton Esq who died December 20th 1797 aged 85.
ABOUT THE TESTATRIX: Elizabeth Dalton (nee Crowe) 1712-1797.
Elizabeth Dalton, the testatrix, nee Crowe, was baptised 27 August 1712 in Swaffham, Norfolk, the daughter of Robert Crowe and Anna Bodham who were married at Swaffham 15 April 1709. Elizabeth Crowe married Francis Dalton at Swaffham 21 July 1731; he was buried at Swaffham either 15 October or 31 December 1767. Elizabeth Dalton, nee Crowe, was buried at Swaffham 27 December 1797. There were at least three children of the marriage of Elizabeth Crowe and Francis Dalton - two daughters both named Frances who both died young and a son Francis baptized 2 March 1737, and buried either 31 December or 15 October 1767 (all at Swaffham). It would appear that the son Francis Dalton married Ann Haylett 7 January 1762 at Tittleshall, Norfolk, with one son of this marriage Francis dying in infancy - born & baptized at West Bilney 22 August 1763, buried at Swaffham 9 September 1763.
Her sister Anna Miller, nee Crowe, married John Matthias Miller of Lynn in Swaffham 25 December 1749. Both her sisters named in the will, Anna Miller and Dorcas Crowe, predeceased the Testatrix.
Frances Elizabeth Dalton, named in this will as the daughter of Francis Dalton of Swaffham, married Henry Harvey of the parish of Catton in Swaffham 7 February 1810; her father Francis Dalton was most probably the nephew of the older Francis Dalton, the husband of the testatrix. Francis Datlton, the nephew, Banker of Swaffham, was buried at West Bilney 12 January 1807 (see PCC will proved 4 August 1807 - mentions properties, etc. left to him by his late uncle Francis Dalton).
[This transcription by: Ann Fiona Manley April 2003 in Sydney, NSW, Australia. My ancestor George Petingale, baptised 7 March 1779 at West Bilney, Norfolk, England, was the illegitimate son of Martha (or Margaret) Pettingale and of Francis Dalton, banker, of Swaffham, named in this Will; the same Francis Dalton was also the father of Frances Elizabeth Dalton also named in this Will.]
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