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Diary of Anne Marsh Caldwell (1791-1874) for 1805 to 1808
(In 1805 Anne was 14 years old)


A Caldwell



10 May 1805

Not a fine day, cold rain and unseasonable.


10 May 1805

Raining and cold. Stafford was the last man executed on suspicion of being concerned in the popish plot - Hume's England.


11 May 1805

Violent hailstorms, a high wind in the morning. 

The wine called Constantia is very rich and sweet. It is made only at one village near the Cape of Good Hope in which are only two dwelling houses but the land and outhouses occupy a considerable part. It is divided into the greater and lesser Constantia at the farmer is made the red and at the latter the white. This farm belongs only to one Dutch man. Great care is taken in the cultivation of the vines and the stalk husks are not pressed with the grapes. There are about 6,250 gallons a year made. A the wine is so  scarce that Captains of ships that wish to procure it are often obliged to  bespeak it a year and half before it is made. The manager of the farm is obliged to sell one third to the Company at a stated price, another third to the inhabitants of the Cape and the last third he may dispose of as he likes. -  Percivals Cape of Good hope.


May 1805

Emma completed her 13th year. A finer day than the 11th but cold. 

A pound of cotton has been spun to the length of 160 miles. Papa Tear behold I come quickly and my reward is with me.


13 May 1805

Mr Alcock came. A fine pleasant day. 

When the Duke of Ormond was attacked in Parliament in 1681 he was defended with great spirit by his son Ossary? This young man died soon after. Ormond bore his lose with great resignation "I would not exchange my dead son" said he "for any living son in Christendom" Hume's England. 


14 May 1805, Tuesday

A little east wind in the morning. My Aunts and Uncle returned to Nantwich. M Fouchecourt did not come. Mr W. Bent and Mr Phillips of Macclesfield dined here. At Macclesfield on the 11th the hail and thunder were so violent that some young cattle were killed there. The hailstones were 3 inches round. Mr Phillips. I went to gather cowslips. The cowslip is a flower that delights to grow in a sunny bank sloping to water or on a ditch by the water side, so Pienne[?] says in his [Analogues crossed out] harmonies of  Plants that the cowslip flowers least adapted for receiving the sun's rays on their  stamina grow in the warmest situations. The Cowslip flowers hang downward therefore the sunbeams do not reflect upon the anthers.


15th May 1805, Wednesday

A very warm pleasant morning. In the afternoon the weather changed and it rained till night. Caroline Simmons died when she was 14, before that time she had written several poems which are beautiful on account of their simplicity and elegance. She died of a Consumption - W Brarghan[?]. When Mrs J Wedgewood was here, she mentioned that Dr Simmons was a foolish vain man and had made Caroline a little conceited by his praises. Mrs Simmons she mentioned, as a charming woman. We went to gather cowslips. Papa dined at Noah's Ark.


16th May 1805, Thursday

Fine warm rain all day. 

The condition of the poor in Devonshire is the most miserable that can be conceived in on hard winder  if the frost continue long many may be starved as the farmers cannot employ them and are too poor themselves to assist them. Their minds too are in a very low state of cultivation. A gentleman of the western circuit said that the farther he travelled to the west the more he was convinced that the wise men came from the east. Mrs J Wedgewood.



17th May 1804, Friday

An extremely fine day. The Laburnums just showing yellow. I remarked one single Lilac open, the trailing Daphne in full bloom. 

Spencer was deprived of 2 or 3 hundreds / which Queen Elizabeth intended to have sent him / by the persuasions of Burnley. The poet died of want. Curiosities of Literature. The author of the Turkish Spy was John Paul Marana - Curiosities of Literature.


18 May 1805, Saturday

Mr and Mrs Wood with their daughters Edara and Eliza and their little baby Thomas dined here and staid a few days. The first Laburnum in flower, the Lilacs in full bud. Jame's the 2nd thought possessed of a good understanding was so very precipitate and unwise in his manner of governing England and in his measures to restore the Catholick religion that even the Spanish Ambassador represented to him what injury he did his cause by following the violent counsels of his confessor "Does your King," said James "never consult his confessor."  "Yes" replied the Ambassador "and it is for that reason that our affairs go on so ill." Hume's England. The day hot but rainy.


19 May 1805, Sunday

Much the same as the 19th Inst. 

Keep thy heart with all diligence for our of it are the issues of life Sermon on keeping the heart and its passions in order, a very good one by Dr Blair. "That God is eternal is proved because if there had not always been a being uncreated their never could have been one created. Preistley's institutes.


20 May 1805, Monday

Mr Alcock did not come. Fine.


21 May 1805, Tuesday

A very fine warm day. M Fouchécourt came. On Sunday the Brest Fleet were out but are returned into port. 


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The Toulon Fleet sailed to Cadiz where it joined the Spanish fleet. The combined fleet then proceeded and Lord  Nelson pursued them but they returned and are now in the harbour of  Cadiz.


22 May 1805, Wednesday

A very fine day. The Lilacs come out. 

The conduct of the Prince of Orange toward James 2nd was in every respect dutiful and obedient, till the Prince formed a league with Spain and France, the Emperor against France. James refused to join them without the Prince . . . favour the innovations he was making. The Prince refused to favour the repeal of the test Act - Humes England. No fire in the Dining room.


23 May 1805, Thursday

A very fine day.  Mr Rymsdyk came. 

James 2nd married a German princess to  his second wife by whom he had one son, the supposition that  this child was imposed upon the public is in general considered as groundless - Hume's England.


24 May 1805, Friday

A fine day. The Woods left us. 

Clifford, Ashley, Buckingham, Arlington and Lauderdale were the five noblemen whose initial letters formed the cabal from which they were so called. - Hume's England.


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25 May 1805, Saturday

A fine day. 

Ben Lamond is near Lock Lamond and rises above the Lake a height of about 3,300 feet. Snowden is I believe, a few hundred feet higher than Ben Lamond but Whernside in Yorkshire is higher than any if measured from the level of the sea, its height is 4,000 ft. - Mr H. Holland.


26th May 1805, Sunday

A fine day. Mr H. Holland came to stay a short time. Mr W. Bent dined here. 

Text "There is not a just man upon Earth that doeth good and sineth not." 


27th May 1805, Monday

Took a walk to Kidcrew by Mr Gilberts new house, a fine warm pleasant day. Mr Alcock dined here and Mr Holland. They both returned at night. 


28th May 1805, Tuesday

M Fouchécour dined here. Mama went to the fashions. No news. 

The religion in Scotland is much more Calvinistical than in England. It is not at all approving to the dissenters but more to the Methodists. When the theatre at Glasgow was erected Dr Blair, one of their most famous devines preached violently against it, declaring that not one of those who went to a play could possibly be saved. - Mr H. Holland.


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29th May 1805, Wednesday

A fine day. Mr H. Holland went. 

When the Prince of Orange just landed in Devonshire the terror  of the punishments that followed Monmouth's invasion deterred any one from following him for some time. - Hume's England.


30th May 1805, Thursday

Papa dined at Newcastle. 

James 2nd determined to try the affections of his Army. He had a regiment drawn up and their Major put to them the question whether they would support the present measures or throw down their arms. They all embraced the latter alternative and James disappointed sullenly said that another time he should not honour them so far as to consult them. - Hume's England.


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31st May 1805, Friday

A fine day


1st June 1805, Saturday

Louisa completed her 11th year. 

Lord Howe was victorious in a battle with the French anno domini 1794 June 1st. 


3rd June 1805, Monday

Dr, Mrs, Miss Mary and Caroline Crompton came to spend a fortnight here. The weather changed and the day was very bad. Mr Alcock did not come.


4th June 1805, Tuesday

Mr Fouchécourt came. 

The lawyers in France take no title. - Mr 


5th June 1805, Wednesday

Malagrida was burnt for writing a book against antichrist which was evidently the work of a madman. He was an Italian Jesuit and it is said was privy to a conspiracy against the King of Portugal. This monarch detained him in his Kingdom and as he would not punish him without leave from the Pope he made us of this pretext to get him burnt in the Inquisition. - Dictionare Historique.


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6th June 1805, Thursday

The day bad in the morning but better in the afternoon.  Mr, Mrs Pilkington and Miss Brandereth dined here. Mr Fritche came. 

D'Lieten was twice in the army in a Subaltern station. Once he left it in disgust, another time he was unjustly broke. The last time he was placed a Lieutenant in a corps of Hussars that Frederick had just raised when in time of defeat the Kings spirits were broke down. De Geiten had always a word of comfort to the soldiers. He was almost necessary "Well my boys" he would say "how do things go on today" if they said bad then they will go better tomorrow." Once when the King was almost entirely broke down "we have still a friend in Providence." Said that General. A little time after the King met with better success, "Well my friend" said he to Lieten, "Your friend for once has not failed in his promise." - From "Life of De Geiten Review."


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7th June 1805, Friday

The whole party excepting Mary, Emma, Louisa C, Crompton and myself dined and staid all night at Nantwich. A very fine day.


8th June 1805, Saturday

The party returned from Nantwich leaving Dr Crompton to pursue his journey home from thence. Fine day. 


9th June 1805, Sunday

Stamford returned from Cambridge where he has been ever since October.


10th June 1805, Monday

Mr Alcock came.


11th June 1805, Tuesday

Mr Fouchécourt came and Mr H. Holland of Manchester.

If you put a half crown into a basin and go back so far that you cannot see it fill the basin with water and it will become visible, the reason is that the visual is broken by passing through the medium of water as in this way. [diagram] Brooks. If a third person be made to distinguish a cube from a square by feeling if his sight be given him he will  not be able to distinguish by his  eye which is  the cube or square. Mr H. Holland.


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12th June 1805, Wednesday

The Ladies went to Newcastle. A stormy wind.


13th June 1805, Thursday

I went with the Ladies to Burslem and saw the process of making earthenware. The clay is first brought from Cornwall in large lumps, flint, ground and mixed with water is then added to it to make it white. It is then sifted and remains in a liquid state. They then lay it upon pans . . . by flues in which it lies till the water has all evaporated when it is again reduced to a substance. It is scraped off and taken to a place where it undergoes the operation of throwing. The men cut it with wire and then raise it and let it fall till all the air bubbles are beat out, otherwise they would swell and break the vessel when put into the oven. When this is finished it is some of it taken to the throwers. A machine turned by a wheel at which a man sits. A person molds the clay in their hands. The man takes a bit, throws it upon his machine, raises it up and forms it in to a teacup, a teapot, or any hollow vessel. This is all done by the eye. The same man throws teapot and lid and what is remarkable, the lid though done by eye always fits the pot exactly. The plates and flat  utensils are made differently, they beat the clay with a kind of mallet quite flat, then place it on plaster of paris moulds and  put them into a little oven till hard as to come off the mold wherewith a sharp knife they form it into an exact shape. The thrown vessels are carried into hot rooms till they harden so as not to yield to the touch nor yet to crack or splinter. If cut they are then carried to the turners who place them so rapidly that it is scarcely perceivable that they turn at all. They cut them here into all exact shape. They are then put in large vessels and piled in an oven heated all round where they remain 60 hours and are then hard and called Biscuitware. They are then painted, enameled or painted, glazed, burnt again till the glaze is fixed on and then are fit for use. Mr J Holland went.


14th June 1805, Friday

The printing on earthenware is performed by printing the pattern on a particular kind of paper which is laid on the plate and after it had remained on a short time it is washed off leaving the impression in [kag?] which when burnt turns to blue.


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15th June 1805, Saturday

I went to Trentham with the Ladies. The gardens take in 5 acres within the walls and have nice broad walks of gravel. The hothouses are large but contain more fruit than flowers. Among the first were nectarines, pines and grapes quite ripe and a great many figs nearly so. Among the latter I remarked the Cape Persimmon like a white rose only the petals are thicker and like wax. The smell is delicious. The tube rose is white and the perfume very sweet but I could not get near enough to smell it. The sensitive plant which the gardener said got no harm by being touched. It very pretty Periwinkle pink with a dark eye. Some beautiful scarlet Ixia's, an Amaryllis Gloriosa but this was not in flower. A beautiful little plant with leaves like an Acacia upon which the little yellow flowers grew as if laid on, I believe it was a Mimosa. A scarlet Hibiscus in flower. From this place we then proceeded to the orangery with several large trees of orange in it, then to the house. There is a beautiful conservatory building in front with plate glass windows and then we rode round the park. The trees are fine and the woods and water larger. From the house descends a fine lawn to the water on which grow finer trees than ever I saw. Towards the orangery the water which twists round like a river comes to your feet with a beautiful wood opposite and fine trees skirting it. On this side a handsome iron bridge crosses the water, the other parts of the park are equal to this. A fine day.


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16th June 1805, Sunday

A wet day.  

"I will have mercy and not sacrifice." 


17th June 1805, Monday

A wet day. Mr Alcock came.


18th June 1805, Tuesday

Finer but we have not left off fires yet. Mr F came. Papa went to Trentham.


19th June 1805, Wednesday

St John's College is reckoned the 2nd Cambridge. It has one master and 61 fellows. The Master has a table for himself. The Fellows another. The fellows commoner another and the pensioners a 4th. The vergers dine after the fellows, nothing but [butchers meat?] is allowed at the pensioners table but the fellows have flesh, foul and fish. The pensioners may order what they please if they pay for it. Stamford. A fine day. Eliza went to [Basford?] Has £ deans.


20th June 1805, Thursday

The College of St Johns has 2 deans. When any of the scholars behave improperly they summon them and sometimes set them tasks [impositions]. If these are not performed they convene them before the Vice Chancellor of the University. After a man has been convened twice he is expelled.

Mr Rymsdyk came. My uncle joined our party in the morning and Miss Bent brought Eliza from Basford.


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21st June 1805, Friday

Mr T. Bent came to fetch Miss Bent and Eliza to Basford. Mr Rymsdyk stayed diner. Mr Ward came.


22nd June 1805, Saturday

A fine day. My uncle went. Eliza returned home.


24th June 1805, Monday

Papa and Stamford went to Stafford. Mr Alcock came.


25th June 1805, Wednesday

The mathematics are divided into two branches, pure and speculative. Mathematics comprehend geography, optics, hydrostatics, hydrography. Mechanics fortifications &c. Dictionary of Ans.


26th June 1805, Thursday

It has been said that true wit never made a person laugh, it can also always be translated into another language.


27th June 1805, Friday

The Stoic philosophers are so called from a Greek word signifying parties because Teno taught there. - Harris's Enquiries.


28th June 1805, Saturday

Plato's disciples were called academicians because that philosopher taught in the academy. Harris's Enquiries.


29th June 1805, Sunday

Went to Church. Mr Kent of Minshall preached us a very good sermon. A fine day.


30th June 1805, Monday

Mr Alcock did not come. A very warm day. 

Plato was the disciple of Socrates, and Aristotle of Plato. Harris's Enquiries.


31st June 1805, Tuesday

Mr Fouchécourt came. The French and Spanish combined fleets supposed to be gone to the West Indies. A ship arrived at Liverpool says that the French fleet is arrived there. Five French vessels employed to take the Diamond back, defended by 20 men.


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1st July 1805, Wednesday

Went to Newcastle Races, rained incessantly all day. 

The Diamond back is situated close to the harbour of Naitinico, Eliza.


3rd July 1805, Friday

Returned home. 


6th July 1805, Monday

Went to Nantwich. Mr Alcock came.


18th July 1805, Saturday

Returned home.  Found my dear Eliza and Emma gone to Dawlish. 


19th July 1805, Sunday

Text. "And the 70 retired with joy saying Lord even the Devils on subject unto us; and he said I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. Behold I give you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and all the power of the enemy; yet in this  rejoice not  but rather rejoice that your names are written in heaven."


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20th July 1805, Monday

Mr Alcock did not come. 

The State Lotteries in France are very different from those in England. They are bets laid between government and the purchaser. 90 numbers are in the wheel of which 5 are drawn out. The purchaser lays that out of 15 numbers he names 1 is drawn out. Suppose he lays on 1,2,3,4,5. 3 is drawn and he receives 15 times the value of his money. Suppose 6 pence of which he pays for each number of his 5. Again he lays that 1 and 4 will be in the 5 drawn if 1 only comes up he receives nothing. If both, 64 time the value of 6 pence. Again he lays that 1,2,3 will come up. If all come up he receives 400 sixpences. Again he lays upon 1,2,3,4. If all four up he receives 50,000 sixpences. Again he lays that all may come up and receives a million sixpences. On this last bet he may risk no more than 2 and 6 on the others as many pounds as he chooses. - Mr Fouchécourt.


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22nd July 1805, Tuesday

Mr De Fouchécourt came. A violent thunder storm.

The first conduction was set up in France about 20 years ago. - Mr De Fouchécourt. A vessel in full sail comes quicker by a wind that blows from a different point than one that blows directly behind it. Suppose a vessel comes from the south to the north. It goes quicker by a west or east wind than by a south one. The reason is this, a south wind fills only the sail behind the others flag. As the hinder most guards them from it. Whence a west wind blowing sideways fills every sail. - Mr De Fouchécourt.


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23rd July 1805, Wednesday

Mr Alcock came. A rainy day. 

The Laurel is no conduction and you are safe under its leaves as also under those  of the  Banana tree. - Mr Pierre. 

Silesia is extremely sandy. Well might Frederick the 2nd object his partrimony to  the opinion that God created everything for some purport "Sand" said the old King to Zimmermann "I was always puzzled to know why God created sand" Adam's Tour in Silesia.


24th July 1805, Thursday

The thermometer below temperate. The Pary's mine cannot be worked. The copper is so full of arsenic. J. H.


25th July 1805, Friday

The day warm and fine. There is not the least difficulty attending the ascent of the gear to head. The largest of the Resingeberge mountains, for as there is a small chapel upon the top the way is good and where it is very steep rough stone steps are  made to  ascend by. The view it commands is strikingly extensive but rather too much so to be beautiful. A's Silesia.


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26th July 1805, Saturday 

A fine day.  Papa and Mr W. Bent went to Macclesfield. 

The largest and earliest settlement of Moravian fraternity is at Hermuth in Lusatia from which all the society has the name of Herrnonhuters. Count Tingendoff is the founder of it as renewed and he is buried there. He has one daughter living. Adam's Silesia.


27th July 1805, Sunday

Showers with fine gleams. 

Text. I have sit the Lord always before me therefore I shall not be moved Pyle on having good always in one sight. They prayers and thine alms are gone up for a memorial before God. Blair on the Union of Piety and Morality.

Breslau is a very old dirty town. It contains 35 Churches, 9 of which are Lutheran and the rest are Catholic. The principal Lutheran church is St. Elizabeths adjoining to which is a public library in which are several valuable manuscripts, among them rest Froiports chronicle. Its date 1468 which contain much more than that printed and a manuscript which to the naked eye appears a drawing of the Venus de Medici's but through a magnifying glass you find a copy of Ovids Out of Love perfectly legible. - Adam's Silesia.


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28th July 1805, Monday

Mr Alcock came. I learnt one of Merkets Sonato's.

In Kentucky peaches grow without either grafting or cutting from kernels. There are five or six species. Almost all the inhabitants plant them round their houses and brandy is distilled from them. All who farm establishments begin by sowing maize. The soil is so fertile at first that wheat sheds its grain without ripening. To sow maize they first plow furrows at about 8 feet asunder then cut them transversely with others the same. At every intersection they plant 7 or 8 grains. When they are cut up only 2 or 3 stems are left. Towards the middle of Summer the lower leaves begin to dry and soon gradually to the top. As this desiccation proceeds they are carefully gathered and preserved for fodder for which they are much esteemed. - Michaux's America.


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29th July 1805, Tuesday

Mr Fouchécourt came. A fine showery day.  

Lord Nelson still continues in pursuits of the French fleet. 

It was the most curious sunset I ever saw, the sky was completely striped with light and dark.


30th July 1805, Wednesday

Mr Fritasse [Fritake?] came. A showery day. Mrs Hatnell and Mrs Heathcote drank tea at Linley.

The Bomens at Meadows of Kentucky comprise an extent of 60 or 70 miles in length by 50 or 60 in breadth. They are covered with grass of 2 or 3 feet in height which pastures the cattle. They are surrounded by woods but there is very little water, there being no stream all through and only a few small springs. Michaux.


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31st July 1805, Thursday

The Alta or Alto of Rases is skimmed of a lake in Cashmere surrounded by rose trees wit cotton wood. It falls like a gun on the water [?].


1st August 1805, Friday

A storm of thunder and rain. 

The Fletchers, W Sneyds and W. Bents dined here. 

The Ginseng is found in America. It was first sold to China for its weight in gold. It is used as a medicine but its value is much decreased. Michaux.


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2nd August 1805, Saturday

The day showery.

The land is much better in Kentucky than in Carolina. That that is reckoned the 2nd in Kentucky is the first in Carolina. Michaux.


3rd August 1805, Sunday


The year one of the Revolution begins in 1792. Michaux.


4th August 1805. Sunday [?]


Etching is a manner of engraving in copper in which the lines or strokes are corroded in Aquafortis instead of being cut with a tool or graver. - Imeson's Elements.


5th August 1805, Monday

Mr Alcock came. Learnt 2nd Sterkel. The various instruments used in etching are copper plates, etching points or needles of steel fixed into handles of wood, rulers, compasses for lines and includes Aquafortis or Nitrous acid, spirits. Bordering wax, turpentine, varnish. Etching ground, made of wax and other material. - Imesons Elements.


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6th August 1805, Tuesday

M Fouchécourt came. 

Admiral Sir Robert Caulder has taken two ships from the French and Spanish combined fleets which have escaped into Ferrol.


7th August 1805, Wednesday

Etching is performed in the following manner. Having cleaned the copper plate to free it from grease they roll up some  coarse brown paper and having lighted it hold the plate over it so as to melt the  etching ground and when sufficient is  melted but the plate all over with it. When the etching ground is laid on smoke the plate with a wax taper so as to make it quite black. To transfer the design to the plate they trace it on acid paper and a piece of the same sized paper they cover with red chalk. The two papers are fastened upon the plate with bordering wax and all the lines on the oil paper traced with an etching needled which pressing on the chalked paper leaves the impression on the ground. They then cut the lines in the etching ground and having bordered it with wax to keep in the Aquafortis you pour it on. The Aqua fortis bites into the copper where the etching has taken the ground off and leaves the rest. Having bit the faintest lines they pour off the Aquafortis and stop those lines with varnish, then put the Aquafortis on again and so continue stopping up and filing in till the whole is finished. - Imeson.


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8th August 1805, Thursday

Tycho Brae was a famous Danish astronomer who formed a system of his own. - Jone's dictionary.


9th August 1805, Friday

Lavoisier, a French Chymist who fell a victim to the revolution found the present system of chymistry. - Imeson. 


13th August 1805, Tuesday

M. Fouchecourt came.  

My uncle came.


14th August 1805, Wednesday

It was formerly supposed that fire, air, earth and water were the four elements from which everything else  was composed but the last system  of Chymistry teaches that air  is  several different fluids, that water is two  kinds of air and that there are several kinds of earth. Those are called elements which cannot be analised. There are 46.

Mr Rymsdyk came.


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15th August 1805, Thursday

Mary returned with my uncle to Nantwich.


17th August 1805, Saturday

Heat is a substance which is called cad [Cadoni?] and communicates itself into the bodies by which it divides their particles and renders water ice fluid or steam.


19th August 1805, Monday

Mr Alcock did not come. We expected my Aunt and sisters but they did not come.


20th August 1805, Tuesday

Mr Fouchecourt came.  [crossed out - Mr H Heathcote and Mr T Bent dined here]


21st August 1805, Wednesday

Sanchocatho, a Phoenician has left some fragments of writing. He lived about the time of Joshua except Moses he is supposed to be the most ancient writer. He lived in 1440. Cadus did not introduce letters into Greece till 1519 AC., therefore he could not be the inventor of letters. - Tyller


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24th August 1805, Saturday

My Aunt Eliza and Emma returned from Dawlish on the coast of Devonshire. The place is very retired but very pleasant. The country beautiful, the trees large, the harvest was got in when they left it. Apricots, plums and peaches had been ripe some time. They were detained at Shrewsbury for want of horses, it being the Assizes and the largest almost ever known besides which there was a large Quaker meeting. Mrs Cholpon[?], Miss and Miss Catherine  Penlington drank tea here.


25th August 1805, Sunday

Mr Alcock came. Mrs Leep and Miss C Alcock dined here. Mary returned from Nantwich. 


27th August 1805, Tuesday

Mr Fouchecourt came. Mrs H Heathcote and T Bent drank dined at Linley Wood. 


29th August 1805, Thursday

The Glastonbury than blooms at Christmas, as have done all the cuttings taken from it. The tradition about it is that Joseph of Anmathea coming into Britain to preach the gospel struck his staff into the ground which budded out. - Eliza.


30th August 1805, Friday

Contantine first conveyed the seat of empire from Rome to Constantinople. - Tutter.


31st August 1805, Friday

Theodosius, a Christian emperor first abolished paganism in the empire of the East.


1st Sept 1805, Sunday

Pretty fine day.


2nd September 1805, Monday

Stamford went out a shooting. Little corn cut.


4th September 1805, Wednesday

Eliza and my Aunt went to Malloch.


9th November 1805, Thursday

A glorious victory. Admiral Collingwood and Lord Viscount Nelson, 26 English ships of the line and 33 of the French and Spanish being combined fleet, the battle was fought near Cape Trafalgar. The French and Spaniards commanded by Admiral Villeneuve and Admiral Gravina. Lord Nelson concerted a new mode of giving signals which he laid before the officers the day before. His ship was the Victory and Admiral Collingwood's the Royal Sovereign. The action began at twelve above October the 21st, Admiral Gravina tacked and stood of for Cadiz with ten ships. 4 more followed, the rest were left for the victors. But the English loss was great for Lord Nelson was shot in the shoulder.  He was taken to the surgeon and after expressing great anxiety to know how the day would be decided he expired. Admiral Collingwood is made a Baron and the command of the fleet left to him. Sir John and Lady H Chetwode and Miss Chetwode dined at Linley, with Mr and Mrs J Wedgewood.


8th November 1805.

The party left us. Bonaparte has defeated General Mack and treachery is suspected.


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9th November 1805, Saturday [?]

A party from Newcastle viz Mr and Mrs, Miss Sparrow, Mr, Mrs, W Bent, Captain, Mrs, Miss Furmival and Mr J Swinnerton dined here. The King of Prussia has taken possession of Hanover for the English which the French evacuated a month ago. The Arch Duke Charles has obtained a victory in Italy, Oct 27th.


11th November 1805, Monday

Mr Alcock came and staid all night.


12th November 1805, Tuesday

M. de Fouchécourt did not come. 

Sir Richard Strachan defeated the remainder of the French and Spanish combined fleets. Ten only are now left of the 33.


13th November 1805, Wednesday

Eliza and Mary went to a dance at Swinnerton. Mrs Robinsons and staid allnight at Mrs Tollets. 


14th November 1805, Thursday

Mama, Papa and my Aunt joined my sisters at Newcastle and thence went to the Assembly. Mr W Bent and Dr Narthen stewards.


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15th November 1805, Friday

The Marquis and Marchioness of Stafford called and conducted themselves in the most obliging agreeable manner possible. Fine day. 


16th November 1805, Saturday

I rode in the gig to Burslem. A fine day but cold. Paris papers say that the English and French have come to an engagement, the only account of which is that ten ships returned to Cadiz. "Not being wanted in the engagement." Vive les francais pour les Gasconacks.


17th November 1805, Monday

Adam Smith in his Wealth of Nations states the question between England and her colonies to be this, Great Britain sent assistance to American soldiers some of money &c to be employed against the French in Canada. After the war was finished she claimed a right of taxation in order to reimburse herself. The Americans offered to pay the money but to raise it as they thought proper but they could not guarantee it. J.C. [James Caldwell?]


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20th November 1805, Friday

Bonaparte after making rapid strides through Swabia, Bavaria and the Tyrol, on the 10th of November entered Vienna. 

My Aunt Stamford in London died on Wednesday morning in consequence of which Papa, Mama and my Aunt set off for London [probably Sarah or Rebecca Stamford who would have been aunts of Anne's mother]. 


30th November 1805, Saturday

The Archduke Charles is dead of fatigue and vexation in Italy. My Aunts from Nantwich came.


2nd December 1805. Sunday

Peace signed between the Emperor of Germany and Bonaparte Nos. It is astonishing what little stand the Germans have made, apparently without any trouble Bonaparte has conquered the Southern provinces of Germany and forced the Emperor to make peace. The Russians have not advanced. Time enough to succor them.


4th December 1805, Tuesday

It is untrue that the Emperor has made peace. Bonaparte has entered Vienna, the Arch Duke Charles is alive but Massena is driving him out of Italy.


Page 37


5th December 1805, Thursday

When Mr Grenville proposed the Stamp Act the American agent in England was directed to oppose it. Mr Grenville told him that if his countrymen would propose any other means by which to raise the money they should be adopted. This the Agent would not do. - Marshalls "Life of Washington."


6th December 1805, Friday

General Washington in conducting the American war had several things to combat with that retarded very much his military operations. In the first place for some time, the soldiers were enlisted but for one year, consequently every December he had the whole army change and the men would not re-inlist without very high bounties which Governancy being in great want of money could seldom give them.

2nd The officers were in many regiments elected by the men themselves, they were unable therefore to maintain that respect without which there was no discipline. 

3rd Military stores were wanted in the greatest degree, when the English army were blockaded in Boston the Americans had not 9 rounds of cartridges each man.

4th The soldiers were  in great want of clothes, blankets and tents which kept them in continual sickness and besides which made them undergo many hardships that recruits were very slow in entering the service.

5th Their arms did not belong to Government but to the individuals who carried their arms with them when they left the service and - 

6th General Washington had not  half the forces of  General Howe when almost in his best condition yet did that officer through neglect, indolence or some unknown  cause let himself be beat and blockaded[?] when by one blow he might have assayed[?] the rising power of the American. - Marshall.


Page 38


7th December 1805, Saturday

The Americans were much discontented with Congress and would have joined the British government in great numbers had General Howe conducted himself as he ought. - Marshall.


9th December 1805, Monday

Mr Alcock came.


10th December 1805, Tuesday

M. De Fouchécourt came. The 'De' is a sign of nobility in France. March E en faut timor.


Page 39


11th December 1805, Wednesday

A report that the French and Russians have had an engagement in which the last were defeated. A French account the Arch Duke Ferdinand defeated a party of French in Bohemia. 

My Uncle Skerret came to town.


12th December 1805, Thursday

My Uncle Skerret left us.

Santurel was a Latin poet born at Parish in 16 hundred and odd, a canon of the Abbey of St Victor.  - Abin Reyist.


12th December 1805, Thursday

It is my opinion that the farther the French penetrate into Germany, they are now in Vienna, the farther they penetrate into danger that the English or Prussians through Hanover will cut off their rear and consequently their communication with Paris. The Austrians will cut off the communication with Massena in Italy. Bonaparte will have occasion to call off his forces from France and perhaps the event may be an insurrection of the people and the re-establishment of the Bourbons. [This has existed only in imagination 1807].


13the December 1805, Friday

The Russians are entering Germany in great numbers, the two first armies have formed a [question?] with the Austrians and the third is rapidly advancing.

My Aunt Anne [Caldwell] set off for London .


Page 40


14th December 1805, Saturday

Silas, Deane and Doctor Francklin concluded a Treaty of Alliance with Louis 16th, this was in the King a very unwise measure, his finances were much exhausted and they required a cessation of expense to recover themselves.


15th December 1805, Sunday

A comet has been seen by Dr Hersley [?] and another gentleman in the constellation of Pisces. 


16th December 1805, Monday

Mr De Fouchécourt came for the last time, Government having required his services. This gentleman had the rank of Count in his native country which he quitted in 1792 on refusing to receive the oath directed to be administered. He was in the Prince of Conde's army and served as Lieutenant Colonel during the war anceeding the revolution. He was engaged in the unsuccessful attempt at Linberon, out of 5,000 only 500 escaped. He then returned to England and was allowed half pay by the British Government which he resigned to a brother in distressed circumstances and taught French to support himself. His manners were gentle but like his face, very plain and his figure small but well made. He was well acquainted with the unfortunate Duke D'Enghein whose life he saved once when bathing and Bonaparte served a campaign under him in Corsica.


17th December 1805, Tuesday

The coral divers can remain under water for 5 or 6 minutes. The coral grows in caverns on the shores of  Brittany. The diver plunges in, enters the cavern, plucks of the arm, puts in his teeth and rises. The coral is quite soft at first like ['fingers' crossed out] Tang, but gradually hardens on being exposed to the air. - Mr Fouchécourt.

Mr Fritche came. 


18th December 1805, Wednesday

A dreadful battle between the French and ["Russians" crossed out] Allies in which after 5 days combat the former were wasted. The battle was fought near Wiskaw in Moravia.


Page 42


19th December 1805, Friday

Though Bonaparte promised on his entrance into the city that the property of the citizens should be respected not one house was left un-ransacked and every outrage committed that was possible, even had the city been taken by storm.


20th December 1805, Saturday

More particulars of the battle of Wiskaw are arrived. The French the first day charged the Russians took their artillery and several prisoners, the second day the Russians charged with the bayonet, retook their artillery and prisoners and wasted the French. At the end of the engagement the French fled in all directions. The Emperor of Russia fought with the greatest valour. He was lost for some time but fought his way to his army. The guards under the Grand Duke Constantine performed prodigies of valour. The slaughter was immense.


21st December 1805, Sunday

A very fine day for the last week. There has been deep snow which thawed on Thursday. Read a sermon of Dr Blair on the character of Hazael. 

Bonaparte it is said has offered an armistice and threatens if it is refused, to burn Vienna to the ground.


Page 43


22nd December 1805, Monday

Mr Alcock came. A snow fell in the night.


25th December 1805, Thursday

The good news is contradicted. Bonaparte it is said was victorious at the Battle of Wiskaw but it is believed that it is not true that Alexander was victorious after.


27th December 1805, Saturday

Papa and Mama returned from London bringing Stamford along with them.


28th December 1805, Tuesday

The first school of painting was founded at Florence by Cimabue, a Florentine. The first painter who copied the Antique, Michael Angelo, is reckoned the first of that school. - Tytter's Elements &c.


29th December 1805, Thursday

I have got my dates wrong.


1st January 1806, Wednesday

The French revolution began with the National Assembly, then succeeded the Legislative Assembly and then the National Convention.- Adolphus's History of  France.


2nd January 1806, Thursday

An armistice concluded between Bonaparte and Francis, the Emperor Alexander has not agreed to it. The Arch Duke Charles has made a most masterly retreat from Italy and had defeated Marshall Ney and after this victory he had this dreadful armistice to hear of. It is supposed that the King of Prussia has had a great hand in its war.


3rd January 1806, Friday

Mama and Aunt Bessy and Eliza went to Newcastle Assembly.


7th January 1806, Tuesday

Roland, Claviene, Sieze and Dumonnez were the heads of Jacobin Ministry. Louis, at the instigation of Dumonnez turned out Roland and his party and the General then basely [sindonned?] his King to the fury of the Jacobin club.- Adolphus


9th January 1806, Thursday

Till the Constitution was settled Louis was confined a prisoner in the Tuilleries by La Fayette why often treated him with the greatest insolence, as for instance his entering the palace singing "L'a ira tous les aristocrats a la lanterne" but when the King had signed the constitution was singed the King was allowed a little more liberty. - Adolphus


10th January 1806, Friday

When the King was brought back from Varennes the Legislative Assembly debated whether they should try him. The question was out voted as being contrary to the Constitution. The minority however, collected a large mob to second their views. This the Assembly ordered the municipolite to disperse which they did by firing on them. The Assembly also passed a decree against mobs thus cencuring[?] their own former proceedings. - Adolphus.


11th January 1806, Saturday

The Taflowing lines were made on 3 monsters of the revolution of the lowest class, they were quoted even by themselves 

Il at il chabah eh steslin

A t an vu rien de plus sol

Que Merlin Bazise et Chabet

Non il nj'existe rien de pin

Que Chabot merlin et Bazire - Adolphus.


Page 46

13th January 1806, Monday

Mr Alcock came.


14th January 1806, Tuesday

Miss Bent came.


16th January 1806, Thursday

Louis and his family on the 10th of August pled to the National Assembly. They were placed in the Loge du Logagraphe over which the mob chalked the words "La Mort." - Adolphus.


17th January 1806, Friday

Miss Bent returned home taking Eliza with her. 

A Peace is concluded between the Emperor Francis and Bonaparte. Alexander has returned to Russia. 

Stamford was to have returned to Cambridge but the [flow?] at Warrington prevented the mail from coming.


18th January 1806, Saturday

Stamford went. 

The situation of the ships at the Battle of the Nile was this. 


A-French ships

B-The Leander that got between the French ships

E-English ships, 6 gunboats. 

F - The route of the ships

Only two of the French ships escaped, Le Guillaume Tell and Le Genereuse. Sir Horatio Nelson was wounded in the head. 


Plan of the Battle of Trafalgar.

1. French and Spanish combined fleets

3. The Bucentaur, Admiral Villeneuve, 90 guns

2. The English Fleet

4. The Santissima, Trinidada, Admiral Don Ignatio d'Alva, 180

5. The Victory, Admiral Lord Nelson, 110

6. The Royal Sovereign, Lord Collingwood, 100

7. The Prince Asturias, Admiral Gravina, 120


Page 48


19th January 1806, Sunday


Text - Not slothful in business, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.


22nd January 1806.

Died, William Pitt, the greatest statesman that ever held the reins of government in England. His last words were "oh my country." I have ever believed him to be the most wise and virtuous of ministers. Now he is dead. I believe him so still and I glory in the idea that I have always supported him. His enemies have broke his heart. They may all now praise him but if is of no use. Expressions made use of by J.C., on this occasion. It is the general opinion here that since the meeting in the navy this reign has not seen a more dangerous event. Mr Pitt's death I understand was occasioned by excessive guilt[?] exhausted his nerves so that he  could get little or no sleep and having of a delicate constitution he had  been accustomed from infancy to drink so much  wine that it had injured his stomach so much as to destroy entirely his appetite.


Page 49


23rd January 1806, Tuesday

Mr Fouchécourt came again. He tells us that for three days the good news of the Battle of Wiskaw was positively believed. The Duke of York at least was so confident that he gave him a Colonel's commission to raise a regiment in La Vendee, the report arose from this circumstance. Mlle Jacobe wrote to her father to tell him of affairs, the victory and gave the details which I  inserted before the vessel which brought over the dispatches was lost and Sir Arthur Paget's were lost so when believed would have confirmed the account.


3rd February 1806, Monday

Mr, Mrs Bayley, Miss Furnival, M. De Fouchecour,  Mrs Alcock dined and we had some music,  Handel was born at  Halle in Germany.


4th February 1806, Tuesday

Mr, Mrs Bayley, Miss Furnival and Eliza went. Set off to Betley to all meet Miss Bern.


5th February 1806, Wednesday

Lord Grenville has had a list of persons to be employed before the King: it is said that Marquis Wellesley is to be one of the heads. 


6th February 1806, Thursday

My Aunts left us.


7th February 1806, Friday

Mama, my Aunt Mary called at Etruria.


8th February 1806, Saturday

The Ministry is fixed, the offices of Chancellor of the Exchequer and First Lord of the Treasury are separated. The first is filled by Lord Henry Petty, the second by Lord Grenville who is consequently First Minister. Mr Grey, First Lord of the Admiralty. Mr Fox, Secretary of State for the Foreign Department. Mr Wyndham ditto for the Colonial. Duke of Bedford, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Lord Moira, Grand Master of the Ordinance. Mr L Spencer, Secretary of State.


Page 59


9the February 1806, Sunday

Mr Hindly drank tea here. 

The emotion in the city when the Ministry of doubtful was so great that the people were all in the streets in great agitation.


10th February 1806, Monday

Mr Alcock did not come at all. 

Pitt died so poor that there was obliged to be a motion made in Parliament to pay his debts. One of the members mentioned that that ever to be lamented man had twice refused to his friends the pleasure of subscribing for him. In 48 hours they offered to raise 100,000 but he declared that he had rather and would if necessary work in his profession than submit to such a proposal.


11th February 1806, Tuesday

Mr De Fouchecour came. [Comte de Fouchecour]


12th February 1806, Wednesday

The island of Ceylon is about the length of England from the Tweed to the Channel, all the sea coasts belong to the English and the interior mountains to the King of Candi. The island was originally conquered by the Portuguese who so oppressed the natives that they called in the Dutch to their assistance who like the Saxons in the case of Britain soon made themselves the masters in the place of the Portuguese. The narrow policy of these people intent only upon individual gain prevented any useful improvements from being made upon the island and prevented it from being of half the value it would otherwise have become of. When the English entered Ceylon the Dutch made little resistance and they soon became masters of the place with very little blood shed. My Uncle came.

Mr Fritche gave us our lesson in dancing.


13th February 1806, Thursday

The two principal towns in Ceylon are Colombo and Trincomalee. The first is situated in a delightful country and it is here that the cinnamon gardens are principally found. There is no harbour, only an open road in which vessels may lie in safety for three months in the year. Only in spite of this inconvenience Colombo is the principal settlement as all the principal productions are found here which make the island valuable. Trincomalee on the contrary is a safe harbour at all times in the year. It is situated in a barren part of the country and is therefore not  near so considerable a settlement as Colombo but there is no other harbour in the Bay of Bengal except Bengal itself in which ships can remain during the violent monsoon which at certain periods destroy all the shipping that is then near the coast.


14th February 1806, Friday

The inhabitants of Ceylon are very various. Besides the natives under the jurisdiction of the English called the Cingalese there are the Portuguese, the Dutch, the Malays, the Candians and the Bedahs or Vadahs. The Portuguese are descended from the nation whose name they bear but they have now lost all trace of their original. They are lazy, treacherous and effeminate to excess. They are dark though fairer than the Malabars but complexions of all kinds are found among them. The Dutch differ very much from their country men in Europe. The men are lazy, the women ignorant, both uncommonly dirty and slovenly. Their children are consigned to the care of the slaves till married, after which time the women become intolerably disgusting and the men neglect them entirely. The elderly ladies scarce do anything or take any delights but in chewing betel and paying formal visits. The Malays are distinguished by their ferocity, the men are well proportioned and sometimes handsome, the women are many of them quite beautiful. The greater number of Malays have ugly faces and their features mark their ferocious and revengeful dispositions. Their drink is water all long, they chew betel and chew bang from which herb a kind of opium is prepared which they swallow in great quantities. They are great gardeners. The Malays carry besides other arms is they carry a kind of dagger or kreise poisoned, the handle is carved into a figure and to this they pay their adorations when they deem it to revenge themselves. They then make a vow to sheathe it till it is drenched in blood and if they cannot meet with their adversaries they plunge it into a pig or chicken. When a Malay is injured he makes a vow to destroy his injurer and  every other person he meets till he is killed he takes a quantity of Bang which almost makes him mad and runs into the street crying 'a mok a mok' or 'kill kill' from whence this is called 'running a muck.'

The Cingalese are a mild indolent people who preferred living in the fertile vallies under the Europeans to being free in the rugged mountains. They are very clean and neat, courteous and polite, but they do little work. At the time for sowing the rice all the village assemble together and perform the necessary labour of flooding the fields and they do the same in the harvest time.

Page 57

The Candians are bold, generous and warlike and prefer maintaining their independence to subordinating to t he English. The Bedahs are a wild tribe very seldom seen and who live entirely in the forests. They in general, sleep in trees. If they want anything they go to the nearest town and leave during the night with directions what they wish to have exchanged for it and some skins or valuables found in the woods. The Cingalese are always very punctual in this trade as otherwise some vengeance would fall upon them,  and from the incensed Bedahs.

February 1 Percivals Ceylon

2 See 1

3 See 1


Page 58


1st March 1806

The night in the East Indies all uncommonly delightful. No European can form any idea of the grateful freshness that arises from the sea breeze which then rises.


 29th March 1806, Wednesday 

Miss Allen. Set out with my Aunt and Mary on a journey to Scarborough in a chaise and four. My Aunt took her two servants on the Barouche to Congleton 9 miles. Stopped at the 13th Bull and Swan. It  rained and  therefore we were able  to see but little upon the road, passed by Moreton, an old  house, now a farm which formerly was a gentleman's seat Moreton now by no means taking the title, now, as for some time the family residence. Past Astbury 1 mile from Congleton, is curious on account of its old Church to the body of which the steeple appears only joined by a small building much newer and lower than the rest. The country about Congleton appears well cultivated. To Buxton 16 miles. Stopped at the Great Hotel in the crescent. The road about four miles from Congleton begins to wind among the mountains. The land makes a pretty good appearance as we advanced farther on, the country became more desolate consisting of a large stone pastures of barren land separated by rough stone walls with now and then a wretched cottage and a few starved children. The hills are high and steep but when we entered Derbyshire the moorlands were still more wild, dreary and desolate heath and fern covered the ground principally and the starved cows now make way for sheep who somehow or other contrive to pick up where with to keep life in the body which most other two legged or four legged animals would have a good deal of difficulty in doing. "Abyss on abyss arise," and it is a very tedious drive up and  down these steeped hills before we got a sight  of one on which a few cottages made in the banks of lime kiln rubbish at length gave us the hope of seeing  Buxton. That town with the land immediately surrounding it summed something like what the land of Promise must appear from the wilderness but a sad sight would it have been to the children of Israel to have seen such a Canaan after all their difficulties for good as it appears fixed in such a situation much labour and patience must it require to make it subsist comfortably. The poor souls in the lime cottages, the houses in the town except the inns are very poor, but these make a good contrast. The Crescent is a very fine building. We alighted at Mrs Hall's Great Hotel, the piazzas were poorly filled. We went to the baths, it looked so smoky and dark that I did not want[?] to jump in though the Bathing women put me in mind that the day was unfavourable, the water tasted to me warm and very bad but on this point I forebear to press because I cannot understand anything about their composition or whether habit may render them more agreeable. The Inn is a very good one. From Buxton to Middleton 12 miles. After going one mile to Fairfield and passing over a goose common we bid adieu to the two legged part of the creation always excepting crows and again entered the wilderness. Dreary and very dull it was till we came to Tideswell, so called from a well that has a tide, and the Vale of Middleton Dale here. It is very beautiful. For nearly a mile the road winding in a deep dell between fine rocks. There is a [pass?] after Fairfield, a fine view going down a Vale [leading?] to the Gee Tor in this [strange?]. We found the Geranina Pralinso, another Geranium that  we have in the garden at Linley, and two or three other flowers that we have not at Linley.


Page 62


Middleton to Sheffield 12 miles. We passed over part of the Pike Forest, the ride is very pleasant. Sheffield is rather a dirty, its manufactures are hardware principally. Sheffield to Barnsley 14 miles. The road is very pleasant with a great many gentlemen's houses upon it. At Barnsley we stayed all night.


30th March 1806, Thursday

Before breakfast we set out for Wakefield, 10 miles. On the road we passed by Chirct, Sir Thomas Pilpot's[?] very beautiful place. We had a view of Thorn House, B Gaskell equ., and several other beautiful seats to Tadcaster, 19 miles. We went a new road not pointed out by Casey. It is a very pleasant one. We kept the [calder?] in view for great part of the road. To York 9 miles, a very flat road. The Minster is seen for some time before the city. It makes the only fine object in the stage.


Page 63


30th July 1806, Wednesday

We returned home.


6th August 1806, Wednesday

Newcastle races very well attended. The Marchioness of Stafford and family, Lady G, and Mr Slone, Mr Mrs McDonald came from Trentham. The Ball at night was very well attended. Lord Gower, Sir H.M. Mainwaring Stevens came.


7th August 1806, Thursday

Went to the ['ball' crossed out] course to play.


8th August 1806, Friday

My sisters went to the course. We returned home at night. Mr McDonald and Mr Tatton Stewards.


10th August 1806, Sunday

Mr W Bent, Mr J Heathcote dined at Linley Wood.


11th August 1806, Monday

Mr Alcock came.


12th August 1806, Tuesday

Mr De Fouchécour came. Mr and Mrs [Berry?] Miss Furnivall dined here and stayed all night. 


13th August 1806, Wednesday

Eliza and Maria Bent came and stayed till Saturday


14th August 1806, Thursday [Saturday?]

A fine day. Mango Pash intended to go as far as Timbuctoo but was informed that it was so entirely possessed by the Moors that it was impossible.

Eliza and Maria Bent left us.


15th August 1806, Sunday

Text: The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom and the knowledge of the Holey is understanding.


Page 64


16th August 1806, Monday

Mr Alcock came.


17th August 1806, Tuesday

Mr De Fouchécour came.


18th August 1806, Wednesday

Mary went to Basford. Mama, Papa, my Aunt and Eliza went to Darlaston. 


19th August 1806, Thursday

They returned home leaving Eliza at Basford. 

Mr Blunt came.


23rd August 1806, Saturday

We went to the play King Henry the 4th. Falstaff by Stephen Kemble whose performance gratified us much.


24th August 1806, Sunday

The girls came home. Stamford went to Nantwich.


25th August 1806, Monday

Mr Alcock came.


26th August 1806, Tuesday

Mr Fouchécour came. While we were at Scarborough an attack was made on the character of H.R.H. Princess of Wales by Sir J and Lady Douglas. His Majesty appointed Commissioners to investigate the affair. Their report has not been made public though H.R. Highness is declared innocent of the principal charges but the universal opinion is highly in her favour and the public all violent against her accusers. The charges were of a most serious nature, it is said the principal one related to the birth of a child which she took care of.


Page 65


27th August 1806, Wednesday

Mr Tollet came and Mr Fritche.


28th August 1806, Thursday

Miss Bent and Miss Eliza came.


29th August 1806, Friday

Mr Bull, Mr J Bent, Mr E. and Miss C. Power 


30th August 1806, Saturday

We went to Mould Cap [Cass?], a very agreeable day. 


1st September 1806, Monday

Mr T. . . came.


2nd September 1806, Tuesday

Mr Fouchécour, our gay and pleasant party left us. 


Page 66


3rd September 1806, Wednesday

Stamford, Eliza and Mary went to Westwood.


8th September 1806, Monday

Mr Alcock came.


9th September 1806, Tuesday

Mr De Fouchécour came.


10th September 1806, Wednesday

The girls came home. Mr Fritche.


11th September 1806, Thursday

H.R.H. the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Clarence came to Newcastle and had the freedom of the borough presented to them in the town hall. Papa, as Recorder made a speech and read an address which his R.H. answered in a most pleasing manner. We were all present. The Prince is a very ['gentlemanly' crossed out] Princely looking man but he has lost all traces of beauty. The Duke certainly is everything rather than handsome. Papa dined at Trentham.


15th September 1806, Monday

Mr Alcock came. 

The Brewery burnt. 

Mr Fox died one of these days, I do not know exactly which. 


17th September 1806, Wednesday

My Aunt Emma and Louisa set off for Chorley.


18th September 1806, Friday

The Major and party dined at Linley Wood.


Page 67


20th September 1806, Saturday

Mr Devon came.


24th September 1806, Wednesday

They went to Wheelock . . . Baldock and Delmar called.


25th September 1806, Thursday

They dined at Dr Northens.


29th September 1806, Friday

The party came from Dorfold.


7th October 1806, Tuesday 

Stamford went to Cambridge, Mr Devon to Dorfold.


12th October 1806, Sunday

Mr Devon came again, went to Church.


13th October 1806, Monday

Mr Alcock came.


14th October 1806, Thursday

Mr Devon returned home.


20th October 1806, Monday

Lady H, Sir J and Miss E Chetwode and Mr Butt dined here. 


21st October 1806, Tuesday

Mr Butt went. Mr J Wedgewood came.


22nd October 1806, Wednesday

The Chetwodes left us.


23rd October 1806, Thursday

No author has even been discovered for the Pursuits of Literature. It is considered as a book of authority, I believe.


Page 68


23rd October 1806, Friday

They dined at Fenton.

The herb Paraguay is used much in the same manner we use tea. It is very wholesome. Paraguay signifies in the Indian language 'many colours' and is so called from the variety of beautiful flowers and birds.


24th October 1806, Saturday

The Jesuits who formerly governed Paraguay had formed a vast many settlements or presidencies where converted Indians were settled. Their laws were very wise and they had gained great influence over the natives which the Spanish government were taking every means to destroy. I have forgot to mention that the English under Sir Home Popham have taken Beunos Ayres, it is supposed that this conquest will be a very good market for trade.


1807   page 69


3rd January 1807, Sunday

Came from Nantwich [crossed out]


5th January 1807, Monday

Mr Alcock did not come.


6th January 1807, Tuesday

Miss Wedgewood dined and staid all night. 


7th January 1807, Wednesday

Miss Bents and Fletchers came for a few days.


9th January 1807, Friday

Mr Heathcote dined here.


10th January 1807, Sunday

The party left us.


12th January 1807, Tuesday

Mr Alcock came.


13th January 1807, Wednesday

Mr Munday came for few days.


16th January 1807

My Aunts came.


17th January 1807

My Uncle came.


18th January 1807, Sunday

Mr Mundy went. Stamford went to Cambridge.


Page 70


19th January 1807

The four Seniors went excepting my Aunt went to Oakley. [all crossed out]


21st January 1807

They returned home [all crossed out]


22nd January 1807

They went to Newcastle Assembly.


24th January 1807

Mama and my Aunts drank tea at Stoney Fields. 


26th January 1807

Mr A came.  Papa, Mama M and E and C went to Oakley.


28th January 1807

They returned home.


29th January 1807

Spent a very pleasant day at Fenton with my Aunts. Met Mr and Mrs John Wedgewood and Mr Julian. 


30th January 1807

Returned home.  


2nd February 1807

Mr Adid not come. Snow.


3rd February 1807

Mr Fouchécour came.


Page 71


7th February 1807

My Uncle came.


9th February 1807

Mr A did not come. Rain.


10th February 1807

Mr De Fouchécour came, began to learn Italian. 


11th February 1807

The young Rosinis came to Newcastle. Mary and Eliza went to see him in Barbarossa and staid at Basford all night. 


12th February 1807

The girls came home.


13th February 1807

Went to see little Betty in Frederick in Lovers Rows and the Citizen by Took.  The play is wretched, both in moral and interest. The beautiful boy rather disappointed me. He speaks very ill. The entertainment amused me very much. We drank tea at Etruria. Papa says of little Betty shall, will, may and can fright the soul.


Page 72


16th February 1807

Mr Alcock came.


17th February 1807

 Mr Fouchécour came.


26th February 1807

Mary and I went to Etruria.


1st March 1807, Sunday

I went to Hanley Church. Heard Mr Alcock play on the organ. 


2nd March 1807, Monday

Came home. Mr Alcock came.


3rd March 1807, Tuesday

Mr Fouchécour came and Mr Butt. Met him to fight or battle at chess. 


4th March 1807, Wednesday

Took a long and most amusing walk to Mr Gilbert's steeple hunting &c which rendered it rather fatal to gowns.


5th March 1807, Thursday

The gentlemen left us.


7th March 1807, Saturday

Mama and Papa went to Nantwich.


8th March 1807, Sunday

Papa and Mama returned home.


Page 73


19th March 1807

Sir Thomas, Mr and Miss Fletchers, Mr and Mrs Bailey of Wheeloch and Mrs Knight dined here.


23rd March 1807

Mr Alcock came.


24th March 1807

Mr Fouchécour. We have begun to study Italian and find it much easier than French. 

The month of March this year has not had so many East winds as usual but snow and cold weather.  


2nd April 1807

Mr Butt, Mr R Griffin jnr dined with us, a very pleasant day. 

Mr Butt has a great talent for conversation which renders his company always amusing.


Page 74


3rd April 1807

The gentlemen accepted an invitation to prolong their visit. Laughed all the morning except one or two intervals of sobriety when botany came upon the topic. Took a walk. It snowed a good deal. The gents went. Rode in the gig to Newcastle.


4th 5th April 1807

MacDonald lost his little girl who died in the night. She has been ill of a consumption for some time. 


6th April 1807

Mr Alcock did not come. Miss Noble came with my Aunt who returned from Lancaster. 


9th April 1807

MacDonald's little girl was buried, drest with flowers, she seemed just the same as at first.


10th April 1807

Eliza and Mary went to Betley. 


Page 75


12th April 1807

Mr W. Bent dined at Linley Wood. 


1st August 1807, Saturday

A fine day. The crops this year are very flourishing.


2nd August 1807, Sunday

Went to Church. The day warm. Sir Walter Many is one of the finest characters I have met within reading Fro. . .  The campaign which he made with the Earl of Derby in to Gascony and Guienne was conducted in the most humane and knightly manner possible.


3rd August 1807, Monday

Mr Alcock did not come. A fine day. 


1808Page 76


7th January 1808

Returned from Nantwich where Mama and Papa and Louisa and myself have passed a very pleasant fortnight.


10th January 1808, Sunday

Papa and Mama were sent to from Nantwich to attend my Aunt Anne who was taken dangerously ill. 


12th January 1808, Tuesday

As our account from Nantwich were better Eliza and I went to a dance at Barlaston. Mrs Yates dined at Darlaston and went from thence, had a very pleasant evening. Came home about 6 in the morning, found Papa again summoned to Nantwich by my Aunt, it being worse.


14th January 1808, Thursday

Eliza and my Aunt went to Nantwich, with faint hopes of finding my Aunt Anne alive.


Page 77


15th January 1808, Friday

My Aunt Anne better.


17th January 1808, Sunday

Papa returned.


18th January 1808, Monday

Eliza, my Aunt returned.


19th January 1808, Tuesday

Papa went to Nantwich.


21st January 1808, Thursday

Papa went to Liverpool Mr L and Richard Bent breakfasted here. 


22nd January 1808, Friday

H.S. and H.C. and Mr EC to Maer.


23rd January 1808, Saturday

Papa returned. Mary to Nantwich.


24th January 1808, Sunday

All the family again united and JSC [Stamford] returned from Cambridge having taken his degree as Senior Optime.


2nd February 1808, Tuesday

Mr Bent, Captain Fenton called upon JSC.


8th February 1808, Monday

HSC, JSC called at Basford. Captain Bent is returned from Sicily.


11th February 1808, Thursday

Went to my first Assembly at Newcastle. A dreadful snow so that we could not return home a night and as all the beds were engaged we stayed up in the Assembly Room, the party consisting of the Bents, Caldwells,  Miss S. Wedgewood, R Powys and Mr Butt.


Page 78


12th February 1808, Friday

About 11 o'clock we continued to get up to Stoney Fields to breakfast and after that we separated and with four horses got home.


13th February 1808, Saturday

HLC, JSC returned from Basford.


14th February 1808, Sunday

Messrs Poole, Fenton, Bagshaw and Sparrow dined at Linley Wood.


18th February 1808, Friday

Mr R Bent dined and stayed all night. 


20th February 1808, Saturday

H and R. Bent went to Liverpool. HS, HSC and JSC went to Darlaston.


21st February 1808, Sunday

Mr Josiah Wedgewood called, Captain Bent came with Stamford and staid all night. Mr Wood and Bent dined. Papa and R. Bent came from Liverpool. R. Bent went.


Page 79


22nd February 1808, Monday

Lieutenant Fenton called to pay a farewell visit and staid dinner. They came from Darlaston. 


23rd February 1808, Tuesday

JSC called upon the Bougheys with Lieutenant Fenton. J.Bent went. My Uncle came.  


24th February 1808, Friday

My Uncle returned and my Aunt went  with him.


27th February 1808, Saturday

Papa went to London about the Newcastle petition. 


3rd March 1808, Thursday

I went with Mama, JSC and MC to Maer.


5th March 1808, Saturday

Returned home.


7th March 1808, Monday

Miss C and Ed Powys, Miss and Eliza Bent and Captain Bent came. 


8th March 1808, Tuesday

Danced at night. R Griffin joined our party. 


Page 80


11th March 1808.

Dance again [crossed out]


11th March 1808  

The Powyes went. Mr Griffin, R Bent came to dinner.


12th March 1808

Mr Butt came.


13th March 1808

Walked with the Bents to Basford. Returned home. Papa returned from town. 


19th March 1808, Saturday

MC and myself rode with Papa to Burslem.


22nd March 1808, Tuesday

The girls and JSC went to Westwood. Quelque distingue, que soit un home peutetre ne jouit il jamais sans  mélange de la superiorite d'une femme s'il Chime son Coeur s'en inquiete s'il ne l'aime pas son amour proper son offense counne. L'on sest si  souvent lasse de soi meme qu'on ne peut etre sedint parse que nous ressemble. Il faut de l'harmonie


Page 81 - French transcription. 


Page 82 - French transcription.


When applied to the countenance implies not merely strong sensations, strongly signified but nice and sensitive perceptions on every occasion however common, and looks  that strongly reflect them a mind quick seeing and as quickly seen a dear but artless indication of emotion natural but not vulgar - Edin Revide.


Page 83 - transcription - Providence has clearly assigned to the one sex the forensic, to the other the domestic occupations and before so obvious a difference of destination can be overlooked the essence of things must be changed. Till this crisis occurs women will be the tutelary power of domestic enjoyment. To embellish therefore their minds with an ampler furniture of knowledge would only confer on them the means of decorating with additional effect their proper sphere for the muses can never of themselves be at war with the virtues or the graces.

Youth - 2nd Rev

The Age where thought is speech and speech is truth.

Sermon by W Sut.


Page 84 - transcription - hi sempre ingannatirica aspetta Metta ard ingannar metastasis si l amour aveng le surles defauts combine il est clair voyant pour decouvir jusqu' a le justifier la balliese la varite n'est importion aus autres que lois qu'elle est inquiete sa parfaite secuvite peut ressebler a la modestie  la balliere ill des  heureus effets d'un piete vive et sincere est de  nous delivier des chagrins pivoles cause par l'ambition ou par la vanite toujours inquiete et susceptible la vall.


24th March 1808

The girls and JSC came from Westwood to meet Mr and Miss Margaret Percival. Began to teach MEC JSC Italian who arrived to dinner.


Page 85


27th March 1808, Sunday

Mr Armisted dined here. Went to Church. 


28th March 1808, Monday

Miss Wedgewood and Mr Butt dined and staid all night. Captain Bent dined.


29th March 1808, Tuesday

The Percivals left us. Miss Wedgwood and Mr Butt returned home.

Oh absence funeste etate on l'on ne peut jourer que du passé et ou le present n'est encore. 

L'aspect dela nature eseigne la resignation mais on peut rien sur l'incertilnie - Corinne.

Le veritable gele public on prie ne church qu'a se rendientile et les services tiennent lieu de recompense - Massilon. 

Lon test delassement pour un Coeur innent lesteme.

Many esteem things because they are hard to be got rather than because they are worth getting - Halifax.


Page 86


They praise me when absent because they like me, they praise me when present because they wish me to like them. M.

Not to wish to be praised but to wish to deserve praise, this is not vanity - M

Taking particular notice of one favourite in society is throwing stones to the rest of the company.  - Halifax.


French transcription.


We appear what  we might to be ought  to  be what we wish to appear instead therefore of correcting our manner let us go to the bottom of the defect and  cure that  disposition of the mind  that occasions it. The real abandon de soi name would give that attention to others that constitutes true politeness without vanity. We should be without egotism and with refined feelings and affections we could not be [gross, gracious, grotesque?] in our appearance. How much trouble would it save us and how much satisfaction would it give us if instead of being obliged to conceal parts of our character the more they were betrayed the more we should be beloved. - M.

The perfection of human character is strong feelings under the complete control of reason. - Kames.

Men and women speak ill of one another rather from vanity than malignity. Self conceit is not one of the least blessings from heaven. - Kames.

Women attach themselves to men by what they grant. Men detach themselves from women by what they receive. - Kames

Occasion! Be ready to seize that when it comes but never seek it. - H.

La vanite est le ver qui nous ronge et nous devore. - M

But miserable will be your fate if you allow an attachment to steal on you before  you are sure of a return or what is infinitely worse where there are wanting.


Page 69


Those  qualities which alone can ensure happiness in the marriage state. - Gregory


30th March 1808

Mama, HS and HEC went to call upon Mrs Boughey at Betley. Papa has given us a new  piano forte which arrived today to our great delight.


Un more tourjours embarasse

Heureuses celle qui son passé

On n'en a comone on les veut

Il y en a qui sont de plus de mise

Mais d'unn mamais marhan dise

Il faut s'en charger le moins que l'en peut



French transcription.


Page 90


With all the strong and tender feelings of her sex with the greatest gaiety and [kindness?] she is so governed by an excellent understanding that she is always ready to be useful upon every occasion and in every way to perform the utmost drudgery of a nurse and even to sooth the terrors of death. M.


French transcription


2nd April 1808, Saturday

Walked to Rhode[?] Mr W Turner dined here. 


Page 91


Be assured that  however rich, great or powerful a man may be it  is the height of folly to  make personal enemies from any but particularly from person motives for one unguarded moment, and who could support the horrors of  never ceasing vigilance, may yield you to the revenge of the most despicable of  mankind. I should most sincerely counsel every young person who is entering upon the theatre of life to merit the good opinion of mankind by an unaffected easy and amiable deportment to all, which will do more to render his walk through life respectable and happy than those more striking and splendid qualities which are forever in the extremes of honour and disgrace.

Littletons letters JSC 


Page 92


French transcription - Corneille 

English transcripton - Milton


3rd April 1808, Sunday

Mr W and R Bent dined here. 


6th April 1808, Wednesday

The two girls and my Aunt to Horley Green near Halifax.


7th April 1808, Thursday

Mr Ed Powys called.


9th April 1808, Saturday

Mr Bayley called and dined here.

3 Wedgwoods, Charles, Tollet jnr, Atkinson came from Astbury.


10th April 1808, Sunday

Took the boys to Church.


11th April 1808, Monday

The boys left us. Lady Fletcher, Mrs Boughey and two Miss Fletchers called.


13th April 1808, Wednesday

Rode to Nantwich upon Cantab with JSC.


14th April 1808, Thursday

Returned home. Papa and Mama gone to Burslem.


15th April 1808, Friday

Went to Burslem to fetch Mama and Papa.


17th April 1808, Sunday

Anne Bent and her four eldest brothers came. 


18th April 1808, Monday

Papa to Stone. 

Si l'on prenoit le meme so in pourer riger les defauts que pour les degin ser nous en givuront - Reflexions sur le Ridiant par Belle Garde.


Page 94


French transcriptions - Bellegarde, 


Page 95


Love all must few.

Do wrong to none: be able for thing enemy . 

Rather in power than rise and keep silence. 

Under thine own lifes . . be checked  for  but never tasd for speech - Shakespeare.


I am old tuville, and there Will wing me to some withered bough, my mate that's never to be found again, lament till I am lost - Shakespeare 


Transcription - Shakespeare re Viola. 


Page 96 


Transcription - Shakespeare, Merchant of Venice. D


Page 97


Transcription - D 


Page 98


Transcriptions - Chapones letters.


24th April 1808, Sunday

The Bents left us.


29th April 1808, Friday

I rode with Stamford to Basford upon Cantab.


30th April 1808, Saturday

HS, HEC and MC returned from Halifax. The Cuckoo first heard. 


1st May 1808, Sunday

Mr Fellows called and dined.


3rd May 1808, Tuesday

My Uncle came. Mr Wood and [unknown?].


4th May 1808, Wednesday

Went to a dance at Basford. Danced till 6 o'clock. Robinsons, Powys, Bents, Woodhouses, Mr J Gladwin, Griffin, Butt &c. Heathcotes, Miss S Wedgwood.

If a man speak of love with caution hear him, but if he's certain to deceive you. - Otway.


Page 99


5th May 1808, Wednesday

Mr Wood and Enoch went. 


6th May 1808, Thursday

My Uncle went. Girls and JSC to Basford. 

French transcription - on ne le croiroit  pas mais les ames tenabres et delicates ont volontiers le  defaut de se relacher dans leur tendresse. . . 


Page 100


The precepts of chivalry taught the knight that simplicity and modesty alone gave luster to virtue. That he should be the last to speak high of things and the first to do them. That he would never praise himself too little or others too much.  An Chivalry.

There are three road of which a man may choose on his entrance  into life. The road to exertion which leads to happiness and glory. The road to indolence leading to insignificance. The road to vice leading to misery.

French transcription. 


Page 101


French transcription - Massilon


Page 102


French transcription - Massilon


Page 104 [page 103 never existed]


Transcription - Spectator. Marmion by W Scott. 


Page 105 


Transcriptions - D


Page 106


Transcription - D 


13th May 1808, Friday

Went to a dance at Darlaston. Dined and staid all night there. Enjoyed myself exceedingly. In addition to the Basford party were Turners, Smith, Wedgwoods, Allens.


Page 107


14th May 1808, Saturday

Returned home, had a delightful rode through Trentham Park. 

French transcriptions - D, Ibid, Roncalle


Page 110


French transcriptions Avazo


21st May 1808, Saturday

Miss Bent and Dr J dined here.


24th May 1808, Thursday 

Mr and Mrs Wedgwood, Miss Fanny and Emma Allen, Miss S Wedgwood and Mr Heathcote came here.


28th May 1808, Saturday

The party went after we had enjoyed their company exceedingly. Rode to Newcastle.


5th June 1808, Sunday

Mr, Mrs W and R Bent, Mr and Mrs Hindley dined here, the Bents returned at night. 


Page 111


6th June 1808, Monday

The Hindleys went.


7th June 1808, Tuesday

JC went to Newcastle, returned with Mr R Bent.


8th June 1808, Wednesday

JC, RB to Liverpool.


10th June 1808, Friday

My Aunts from Nantwich.


12th June 1808, Sunday

JC returned bringing Miss Wallace.


15th June 1808, Wednesday

M.E. EC to Maer.


17th June 1808, Friday

Miss Crompton and Mary came.


22nd June 1808, Wednesday

The girls from Maer. JSC to Darlaston.


23rd June 1808, Thursday

HEC and Miss W to Darlaston


25th June 1808, Saturday

Party from Darlaston. Mr R, Captain and Eliza Bent dined here.


Evitez la plus legere coquettice soyez bien assurez que vous n'en gagnerz rien - A.


Page 112 


French transcription re Madame de Montespan avoit un talent particular pour dejoner dans la societe . . . 


Page 113



Friendship, when it is warm genuine and sincere partakes in great measure of the sacredness of the kindred affections it supposes an identity of interests, a communion of sensation, a reciprocity of love. - Fellowes Chris Plin[?]

He who pretends to love all persons alike really loves none - Il

The divine author of Christianity instead of wrapping holiness in mystery and . . . Ibid


Page 114


Transcription - Ibid. French transcription 


Page 115


21st June 1808

Miss Bent and [Maud, Marid, Maid?]drank tea 


24th June 1808, Friday

Mrs Wedgwood dined here. Mr Bent dined and staid all night. 

Warmth of argument in women is unfemmine and revolting - JB


25th June 1808, Saturday

Miss Wallace, M Crompton, Aunt B JSC and we three eldest girls went to Trentham under the escort of Mr Butt, joined by the  Robinsons and Woodhouses. After seeing the house partook of refreshments at the Reverend Chaplain's,the Robinsons crossed the water with us and then went home. Captain Bent and Mr Gladwin joined us in the evening, spent a delightful day. The Venus of Titian in the dining room at Trentham gave me more pleasure than I ever experienced before in the sight of a picture. The delight was new  but I hope will encrease and not decline upon me.


27th June 1808, Monday

JC to Liverpool. Two Miss Frances and Ellen Crompton.

A person cannot have too great a quarrel upon her conduct than when in general company with a person by whom she is interested so liable are we then to forget that good breeding requires general attention when inclination leads us to be particular and by this conduct we often fail to make a favourable impression even upon the person to whom our attentions are given. It is the easy elegant good humoured manner that pleases every one so much and this often advances a person's interest more in the quarter where his wishes are centered than any particularity of address towards that individual - JSC


29th June 1808, Tuesday

Miss Wallace left us, the F's and E Crompton returned home.


30th June 1808, Wednesday

Mr Buvion dined here, clever, a long argument upon the truth of History serving only to shew the danger of incredulity so nearly related to [scopticism?].


1st July 1808, Friday

JC and Mrs Crompton came from Eton. 


4th July 1808, Monday

We girls and JSC to Etruria to hear Edwards upon the harp. The sounding chords &c all my poetic ideas of a Welsh harp were not exactly answered but when are they? I was more delighted than in cool reason I expected and very much surprised at the execution of the performer. The harp is the instrument to awake natural enthusiasm and were I Welsh would vibrate to every string in my heart.


7th July 1808, Thursday

Captain Bent came to pay a farewell visit before he goes to Spain. What do mothers and sisters feel when sons and brothers go to war.


9th July 1808, Saturday

My Aunts left us.


11th July 1808, Monday

Mr Ralph came.


12th July 1808, Tuesday

Mrs W Wedgwood, Miss Allens dined here. Miss Allen's bid us farewell as they go home next week. 

People are never so near playing the fool as when they think themselves wise - Lady Mary Wortley Montague.


13th July 1808, Wednesday

Those who seek pleasure will find pain, those that pursue ease will fine pleasure. J.C. 


Page 119


14th July 1808, Thursday

Mr Ralph left us. JC, EC, HS, HEC, JSC to Mr V Sneyds. Spent a delightful day out of doors. 

Horace has told us that where words abound sense is thing spread as trees over-charged with leaves bear little fruit. Lady Mary W. M.


In short Christian charity denotes a heart filled with that sacred stream of divine love that over flows in love to mankind. - Fellowes Chris Pln.


Transcriptions - M.


Page 120 


Transcriptions - Fellowes C P., Ibid, Monte di Dudon. Tasso.


Page 121


Transcription - Corinne


16th July 1808, Saturday

The Fletchers and Miss Armisted and her brother dined with us.


17th July 1808, Sunday

HEC to Nantwich.


19th July 1808, Tuesday

I rode to Newcastle with Stamford and drank tea at Basford.


20th July 1808, Wednesday

MEC, EC to Etruria.


24th July 1808, Sunday

The girls returned home.


25th July 1808, Monday

JC, RC, HS, JSC to Maer.


27th July 1808, Wednesday

They returned from Maer.


Page 122


30th July 1808, Friday

HS, MC to Beaumaris.  


1st August 1808, Saturday

I went with Papa and Mama and Stamford to Etruria. Mr John Smith dined there.  


2nd August 1808, Sunday

Went to the Book sale at Newcastle. Mr W Sneyd of Bradwell dined at Etruria.


3rd August 1808, Monday

Returned home.


4th August 1808, Tuesday

Went to Betley, Eliza was to have met me there but was prevented by my Aunt Anne's illness.

On soeit je ne fines pas sowivie je sous insipide pour ent car mesidees mes sentimens je ne puis les espoimer on en parler mon charleur est repoidit par ce mangue parfait de reciposite nentrez jamais dans une famille qui ne peut sympathiser avec vous.  How forlorn one feels when there is no one to shone the eye, can speak are not words the last [very?] by which feelings are expressed.


Page 123


French Transcription


Page 124


5th August 1808, Wednesday

My dear EC joined me, Mrs Wedgwood, Hatrell and Heathcote dined at Betley.

L'instant la chere fille entrer dans la maison ma gaiete revint tout le monde divint aimable, et je les aimois de tout mon Coeur. 


6th August 1808, Thursday

Mrs Jos Wedgwood came to stay all night.


7th August 1808, Sunday

Went to Church. Mrs W Sneyd dined with us. 


8th August 1808, Monday

Mrs Sneyd of Keel called.  Mrs Dechervon [?] and Miss Ray came to Betley. Eliza and I returned home. 


10th August 1808, Wednesday

Went to Newcastle Races, to the Ball.

Italian transcription.


Page 125


11th August 1808, Thursday

To the Play "School for Scandal" and to the course. JSC to Lancashire.


12th August 1808, Friday

To the course.

Je crois que j'y un fonds di gaiete que ne se . . .


Page 126


French transcription

It is amusing how things come round, what pleasure can people find repeating to their friends what is said to their disadvantage. You love a person very little if you will not oblige them sometimes in what appears to you unreasonable. - Feilding.


18th August 1808, Thursday

Rode with JSC to Stoney Fields and called in the evening to  Alsager to call upon Mr Richardson.


20th August 1808, Saturday

HEC to Westwood.


22nd August 1808, Monday

Mama took JSC and we three girls to the play, The Rival Queens and Ella Rosenberg. The play by [Nat Lu?]. I was so highly amused by the style of acting that I could not attend to the style of the dialogue but I think there are some very fine passages, the line with the interruption, 'Then he would talk. Good gods how he would talk' is very much admired.


23rd August 1808, Tuesday

Mr, Mrs Wood, Mrs Wilson and Eliza came to us.


24th August 1808, Wednesday

HEC from Westwood.

Melche ho viaduts al lorso  mi I addio tutto confirmats e sento al pi intieramente soddisfatts od esser obliato.


25th August 1808, Thursday

Miss Hichens came.

Is there in nature a more ridiculous animal than a put toward school girl.


27th August 1808, Saturday

Miss H's went.


28th August 1808.

The Woods &c went.


29th August 1808

We went to Swinnerton, met the Etruria Wedgwoods and two Dr Bents.


30th August 1808

I went to Burslem.


31st August 1808

HEC joined me at Burslem.

Morthens - Junot defeated by Sir A Wellesley. 

Is it possible that anybody of taste or feeling can admire P Pond as poems.


Page 129


Transcriptions - French

It is certainly more useful to contemplate great character to imitate than bad ones to avoid for one effect is certain. Humility is more used by the first and amour proper by the last.

It would perhaps be a misfortune to society if the populace were more instructed with more dignity of [sentiment?] they [ronts?] too easily, receive their abject state they would lose their taste for the rude pleasures with which they were once contented and scorn the servile labours to which they are destined. - De la Nature Morith, Rev

I thought on my ways that is I examined my life and called my self to a strict account for the actions of it. I compared them with the law of God, the rule and measure of my duty, and considered how far I had obeyed that law or offended against it, how much evil I had been guilty of and how little good I had done in comparison of what I might and ought to have done that by this means I myself became acquainted with my true character discerning how many and great my faults were I might amend whatever was amiss and be more careful of my duty in future. - Illitson. [Jittatson?]


Page 131


Transcriptions - Jillotson

Mr Wood told us that in general his best and most trusty workmen were those who had had some instruction.


Page 132


4th September 1808, Tuesday

All except MC and LC to Dorlaston.


5th September 1808, Wednesday

WE all went to the play 'Laugh When You Can' and 'The Farmer,' a very pleasant evening. I returned to Linley Wood at night. 


13th September 1808, Tuesday

Miss Potts and N Lawrence came.


14th September 1808, Wednesday

My dear Mary and my Aunt returned home.


15th September 1808, Thursday

Miss Wedgwood and Miss Morgan dined with us. There is so much refinement, sentiment and feeling in Miss Morgan that I never saw a woman more  inspiring confidence, letters de Mr de Sevigne much admired by her to read them the first opportunity.


16th September 1808, Friday

Miss Potts and L left us. Mrs Bence, Miss and Eliz Bent went. N Bent and Mr Gladwin dined here, the ladies stayed on.


17th September 1808, Saturday

Miss B and M left us.


18th September 1808, Sunday

The Bents went.


20th September 1808, Tuesday

Mr, Mrs and Miss Slaters and Mr and Mrs B Bent dined and stayed all night here.


Page 133


29th September 1808, Wednesday

My Aunt and myself set out for Nantwich, on our way to Eton.


30th September 1808, Thursday

We arrived at Eton, had a very pleasant reception and my heart fill of expectation of a pleasant visit.


2nd October 1808

We went to Gateache Chapel


5th October 1808, Wednesday

To Liverpool shopping till late, came home and found Mr G Walker and Mr Shepherd.


7th October 1808, Friday

Went to  a dance at Dr Brandreths, crowded rooms full of company and not one face  that I knew. Still I had a pleasant evening but shall I never learn to control my tongue. Introduced to N Roscoe, no very charming impression.


9th October 1808, Sunday

B Roscoe took us a walk home from Chapel by Childwell Common. How much acquainted one gets in a walk. I found him so pleasant, chatty and agreeable that I could hardly believe it was the same person.


Back 1


Calligraphic writing - Arithmetic

Is the art or science of computing by numbers and has five principal or fundmental [sic] rules upon which all its operations depend viz. Numeration, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division.


Back 2 - Calligraphic writing.


The Numeration Table

9 Hundreds of Millions

8 Tens of Millions

7 Millions

6 Hundreds of Thousands

5 Tens of Thousands

4 Thousands

3 Hundreds

2 Tens

1 Units.


Back 3 - Calligraphic writing



Teacheth the different value of figures by their different places and to read or write any sum or number.


Back 4 - Calligraphic writing


Write down in words the value of the following number viz., 2104970

Two million one hundred and four thousand nine hundred and seventy


Six million seven hundred and ten thousand two hundred and forty seven.


One million five hundred thousand.


Back 5 - Calligraphic writing


Write down in proper figures the value of  the following numbers viz.

One thousand seven hundred and ninety.


Nine hundred and six score millions, six hundred and forty thousand, nine hundred and seven.


Four hundred and thirty two millions, three hundred and twenty seven thousand nine hundred and seven



Back 6 - Calligraphic writing.



Teacheth to add two or more sums together to make one whole or total sum.


Back 7 - Calligraphic writing


Rule - there must be due regard had in placing the figures one under the other i.e. units under units, tens under tens &c. then beginning with the first row of Units, add them up to the top; where done, set down the units and carry the tens to the next and so on; continuing to the last rons at which set down the total amount

[done in very neat calligraphic writing with some imitation under. May not be AMC's calligraphic practice.] 

Proof. Begin at the top of the sum and reckon the figures downwards, the same as you added them up, and if the same as the first, the sum is right.


Back 8 - Calligraphic writing practice, - numbers


Back 9 - Calligraphic writing practice


Subtraction Teacheth to take a less number from a greater and shews the remainder, or difference.


Back 10


Rule. This being the reverse of addition you must borrow here  

(if it requires) what you stopped  at there always remembering to pay it to the next.

Proof. Add the remainder and less line together and if the same as the greater the sum is right, ['and so says Paul' in different handwriting, AMC?]


Back 11 - Calligraphic writing - all numbers.


Back 12 - 20 - Calligraphic writing - Multiplication etc


Back 21 - Calligraphic writing, different handwriting, not so good, maybe Ann Marsh-Caldwells attempt.


Back 27


My dear Anne,

Having perused this agreeable little book with great satisfaction I beg to propose that you will favour the world with giving them in print, should you wish for a dedication, I shall be happy to use my interest with the most amusing fool I know to favour you with a suitable line.

Yours truly

Emma Caldwell


Back 28


Books read 1805

Hunses History of England and volumes, a very entertaining history, he writes for the Stewarts.  The objections that have been made to this work, on account of the authors principles in religion I think are groundless. "The Visit for a Week" a children's book, a pretty good one, also "Looking Glass" and "Play" translated from Berguin, the first but a bad translation.

Adam's "Tour through Silesia" vol an amusing tour but does not convey very important instruction though it gives me a good idea of the country.

Michaux's "America"  

"Caroline de Lichfield" a pretty novel in French. 

Tytters "Elements of General History" is a very short compass comprises a great deal of information. 

Nanvel enfant tour ie "Life of General Washington" a book that I like very much as I think that it is very liberal considering that it is written by an American.


Back 27 - 36, alphabetical list of books and pages referenced.



Atto or Otto of Boses pg 27

America Statements of the Question of Taxation by A Smith.

America p37. 38. 40

P Wrown p er 284

Absence, p 85


Bariana and Lausel 

Breslau Churches P23

Bornens p 26 27. 

Batties 26 27 Battles of Trafalgar and A Boukir, Plans of p 47

Bienfait p 92

Bellegorde's Reflexions p 93, 94, 111


Constantia Page 1

Cottan P2

Cowslips pg3 Cabal pg6

Conductor p22

Chymistry p29, p30

Constantino p32

Coral p41 

Ceylon p52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57

Corinne Sentiments from p80, 81, 85, 107, 109

A Character p90

Conduct p 91.114

Chivalry p100

Cord Irene p109

Coquittine p111

Conversation 112

Conscience 121-6


Devonshire Bon Mot of p4

Dean and Rock p20

Danslish 318 p 59


Earthenware manufacture p13, 15

Etching p27 to 29

Expression p82


French Lawers p9

Frederick 2nd, bon mot of

Sandy Selisia p23

Fuloz, Lines by p89

Friendship 104 115


Gants head Marston 

Ginseng p27 p24

Glastonbury Thorn p32

Gasconade p35

Hailstor's p2

Heat or Calorie p30

Halifax sentiments of 45, 84


James's to the Ambassador p5

James 2nd and his son p6

James 2nd p8

St Johns Cambridge p17, 18

Jalmsie p91

Intention p98

Italie p10


Kames Reflexions p58


Lottery French p22

Lavaston p29 

Lines on Chabel Merlin and Bazue pgae 45

Love p88, 95, 96, 97, 98, 113, 127

Life, Road of p100

Lines by Roncalli & Birtolla 100


Mountains B Lamond, Snowdon &c page 7

Malagrodh p9

Mathematics p18

Moravian, Society of p24

Manuscripts p25

Maige p26

Mormion, Extracts from p83, 104 105

Massilon Sentiments p85, 86, 102, 103

Milastasious extracts p84, 114

Mori, Line on p89

Marriage p90

Milton p96, 109

Marey p97

Montague rifles 116, 119

Nelson, Death of p33


Ormand p2

Orange p6-8

Occasion p88


Plato's Disciples, How Called and Why p19

Paig Mine 23

Plaches in Kentucky p24

Painting p43

Pitt, of 4 p51

Public Affairs p49, 50

Pash, Mungo p64

Paraguay p68

Pyramids p94

Phedre, de Rauncestt p94

Priere 103, 120

Peinture 108

Popes, Illiad ext p126

Pollinden 128


Religion p5 

Religion of Scotland p8

Revoulion, French p43, p44, p45

Reflexions p84, 87, 122, 123, 24, 5, 6, 9

Religion p113, 114, 119


Stafford, see page 1

Simmons Caroline p3

Spenser p4

Stoics p19

Santenil p39

Shakespeare extracts p95, 96, 97

Sentimens p113

Style 118

Sympathy 122, 123-24


Turkish Spy p4

Trentham p15, 16

Tycho Brue p29

Theodosius p32

Trafalgar, Battle of p33

Tapo, extracts p104, 120

U & V

Vision, Experiment's Upon p11 and 12 

Vessel p22

Vanite p84, 85, 88, 107

Voyager 109


Wit p19

Wind p22

War, State of p6, p20, p33, p34, p36, p39, 41, 42, 43. 

Wishan, Report of how Founded 49

Wales, P's of. P65




Zieten,  De page 10


Back 37


Books read 1807

La Mennade de Voltaire, lent us by Mr Devon though I do not much admire French poetry yet I was pleased with this.

"The Mother and Daughter" a tale by Mrs Opie, I was much affected with it and think the moral good.

"The Lay of the Last Minstrel" by Walter Scot a beautiful poem and almost a universal favourite.



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