Diary of Anne Marsh Caldwell (1791-1874) for 1835 to 1847
Sunday 2nd March 1835
Went to Church. Amelia did not come.
2nd.March 1835, Tuesday
George to Blackheath
4th March 1835, Wednesday
To town. Called upon Aunt Me. Mrs Holland where I left Posy. Lady Bell, Mrs Wilson at home. Lady Milman not at home. To [Lever?] for silk dresses for the girls. To Waterloo House and to Buller's where I [iyyed?] to take in an expensive work on [conchology?] hoping it would be a source of interest and amusement to my darling girls. Home. George came back.
[Terry?] was to have gone but did not her cause a.
5th March 1835, Thursday
Very weary in spirits and mind.
6th March 1835, Friday
Had a conversation with George. The child has a bit of hooping cough where he is agreed to take him back. [latin] sentence. .. di questa inpresa. &ldots;
7th March 1835, Saturday
To town. On Mrs [Clarke?] Mrs Crompton. Mrs N - - at home. Mrs Booth not at home. To but the [Abte Willly?] to Dr [Norths?] brought Posy and all the rest home.
8th March 1835, Sunday
Sent book, did not go to Church. Read Prayers with Fanny. Prayers with the dear children. In the evening the last part of Dr Chalmer's book Bridgewater Lecture on the conservative principle. Very clever.
10th March 1835, Tuesday
George took Martin to town to get a new hat. Martin came home and spent the day.
11th March 1835, Wednesday
Went into town, called upon Lady Bell, Mrs Wilson. The Morrisons. Amelia, Lady Milman.
12th March 1835, Thursday
14th March 1835, Saturday
Martin came home for the night.
15th March, Sunday 1835
Prayers at home. Amelia dined here. This week one more terrible scene. Conversation with Arthur on the means of seeing family [force?] in families like ours. How much indulgence, candor and determination not to be offended at trifles necessary. I am resolved to perform this great duty of being [personably perusing] with all. Dr Chalmers appears to me great right in what he says of the natural feeling of the rights of property from occupation or improvement [imprisonment?] and it is true as he asserts that this feeling appears outright in very young children and not only shows itself in the tenacity with which they on this principle defend their own ideal property, but on the perfect[?] satisfaction with which they submit to acknowledge it in the case of others. He very happily illustrates it by the trifling example as he call it of the occupancy of a chair or a bed because the child "got it first." He invariably rests his claim to retain it, and any child in the nursery will acknowledge his right so to do, and still more strongly with this right be asserted, and still more readily acknowledged if a [jot?] of labour be added to a right of occupancy. I fetch it up stairs, is a right which supposing no prior claim is invariably acknowledged. It is very -ns in legislating for a nursery, or in that system of inter-legislation which every large family of children exercise among themselves how strong is the principle of right. And how strong is the contributory principle of equity, to an - - child nothing more is necessary than to make it understood that what it contends for is not its own by right. And it submits without at murmur though not without regret may be and tears. The [conterhirs?] of man as well as of children most often proceed from mistakes as to their rights. There are very few men, and still fewer children who even desire to persist in an injustice ever made manifest to them. He is likewise very fast in his agreement drawn from these inherent principles of our nature. No error has -- -- as that error which derived all Natural Moral properties to the sort of man, and [and?] considering his moral being as simply the result of the external circumstances under which he was [placed?] And this this disposition to be hurt which is [weak?] more assuredly from those I do not very much regard. I think it is very painful to be hurt. Louisa about whom I have been very anxious went home with Aunt Me for a weeks pleasure, which I believe will do her more good than 7 doctors.
16th March 1835, Monday
Elizabeth Wedgewood came and stayed all night.
17th March 1835, Tuesday
Elizabeth Wedgewood went. Enjoyed much her company.
19th March 1835, Thursday
George taken ill of the influenza. Very weak myself. All the children but Mary and Willy at Aunt M's and to the [first?] play dear little Baby's upstairs when she came home which she did by herself and recounted her adventures.
20th March 1835, Friday
21st March 1835, Saturday
All at home ill. George very ill.
22nd March 1835, Sunday
23rd Marc 1835, Monday
Dr Holland came to see George, confirmed my anxious feelings about him.
24th March 1835, Tuesday
Mrs Gore and George himself say it is all Rheumatism.
25th March 1835, Wednesday
26th March 1835, Thursday
Amelia, Dr Holland. George dozing all day, calmer and better. A drive with Mrs [Dunbar, Donaldson?] by Hendon.
27th March 1835, Friday
28th March 1835, Saturday
George continues to improve.
29th March, Sunday 1835
Did not go to Church. Prayers at home. Amelia dined here. Mr Wheeler called.
I believe his infant moral qualities to be as strong as his physical ones. That habit of second nature may very much modify the powers and propensities of both, but there are inherent moral [frailties?] as distinctly placed in the mind to be operated upon, as there are physical capacities and physical senses. Dr Chalmers has [triumphantly, completely?] shown how finely these have been adapted by the good [center?] of men to the formation of individual character and of a system of society, the subject might be -ed for.
I think that in looking on the moral evil permitted in the world, we take the argument up too high if I may so express myself. As in the physical world we see it to be the design of the creator to work by means, and by apparent means the purposes of his goodness. And not to bestow as we can easily conceive him to have done, all that we possess without just inter-mediation. And as it is impossible for us so far to enter into his [connuls] as to ask why he has done this! We content ourselves the end being evident with [enjoying?] how for his wisdom, power and goodness is manifested by the adaptation of the means to the end, and we rest in worship and adoring thoughtfulness at what we behold, though the means at times appear to be accidentally inadequate, seeing that the law[?] is perfect [step, though?] we know not why, at times, inefficient. I think it is to be apart[?] to this course of the moral world. The evident design offers to be not to create by a trial[?] a perfect natural and moral being, but to rear the individual character, as it were by the [slazer?] and method of goodness [progression?] and of [law?] having secondary causes. Why it pleases the creator so to act it is vain to speculate, but so doing determining the [lor, law?] of his action, let us only enquire whether the means are not admirably adopted to the end, and whether sin.
30th March 1835. Monday
To town to buy Masks and Materials for this Fairy ball for the children. Called on Dr Holland, Mrs Holland - reception. Dr Noth came out to see George, evening making the dresses.
31st March 1835, Tuesday
The Fairy Ball. It was in fact a Masquerade. I do not wonder this amusement is gone out of fashion with sensible people, the merriment in most was very forced and very dull. When the masks were laid aside people were as usual and agreeable. Mr Charly great compliments on the book [Two Old Mens Tales, 1834], universally talked of and "I assure you not one differential voice." Lady Blepston[Blessington?] so anxious to find out the Author, Bulwer Lytton would not read it till he had finished his Pompeii, speaks well for the reputation of the book. The Mother [matter?] [Stager, Stranger?] than the Author. I would have rather heard my lovely girls praised, Posy lovely in pink and silver as a fairy, Georgey very handsome in grapes and wheat corns as Autumn.
1st April 1835, Wednesday
Spent this most sweet day in the garden.
2nd April 1835, Thursday
Cleres, Amelia and Erasmus Darwin, Dr Holland came out to see poor George, a good account.
3rd April 1835, Friday
Bad day a home. Before a spasm which had me on sofa for the rest of the day.
4th April 1835, Saturday
To town to order dress for Mrs Noth's party. Called on Amelia to Madame Moss, brigs[?], Madame Fonir[?], Cooper and Butcher this trying of finery most opposite to my likings, cannot help feeling as if it were wrong. Difficult to decide how far [surprise?] and appearances are wise and right, doubtless those are best who in the liberty and [both, health?] of [excess?] despise such things, the time will come I hope when I shall have the courage, and feel the propriety of a sterner simplicity in my own person. I would fair devote myself to the one great and only course, the good of others and the obedience to God. How far wife and mother there concessions to extents are right and wise, may my eyes be clearer to discern.
5th April 1835, Sunday
A nervous night after spending money on my new dress that can hardly be got which gives me the pain on reflection. Prayers at home, led with all the children. Little Willy is dissenting[?], his attention and interest not to be fixed.
6th April 1835, Monday
To Town again with Georgey to Madame Moor [More?], called in Brooks Street, the Baby ill. Elizabeth Wedgewood at Waterloo.
9th April 1835, Wednesday
To the large X sting [exciting?] party in Brook Street. Lord Nugent, the Dodworths[?], Lady C, Hardley[?], the Lady Hastings[?] etc etc
10th April 1835, Thursday
Rosa home bringing Emmy
-and [softs?] and labour and care the experience of at these things be not absolutely necessary to complete our idea of a perfect man. Virtue according to our conception of the word can only be born in such a state of things.
Mr Nelson had married a lady one of whose ancestors a century back was a mulatto. No one at Baltimore knew this circumstance, no trace of African descent could be detected in the noble features and radiant complexion of the young Nelsons, but still the fact might some day or other transpire and in that case the French lover might be agreed[?] that though a marriage between him and Marie would be perfectly valid according to the laws of the country the wages[?] of the country more powerful than any land would denounce it as an abomination, his wife, his children to the remotest generation must be excluded from the society of American people as outcasts and Parias.
Ludovic sets out on his travels accordingly being joined by his future brother-in-law George Nelson, the consequence of the malevolence of a dark half Spanish scoundrel whose path in life and love had been many years ago crossed by Mr Daniel Nelson, the unhappy taint in George's blood is betrayed to the audience of a theatre in Philadelphia where had and Ludovic are seated together in the pit. The Man of Colour is immediately kicked out of the Playhouse with every wantonness of contumely [x] and his friend discovers that no court either of law or honour can be expected to redress such an occurrence.
From the Quarterly Review Feb and April 1835 of "Marie" Par Gustave de Beaumont.
[x] Mr De Beaumont witnessed such an occurrence.
A More's Memoirs Vol 2 Page 275
Did you hear of a Lady of quality, and Earl's daughter perishing for want the other day near Cavendish Square? The sad story is that she had married and Attorney, a bad man and had several children. They all frequently experienced the want of a piece of bread. Lady Jane [stops]
11th April 1835, Saturday
Mrs Booth called, sat in the garden.
12th April 1835 Sunday
To Church in our New Pew. Called at Mr Dickenson's. Walk. From the White Firtillina sold in the fields. Dr Noth and Mrs Noth came. A very bad report of George. I fear that all natural hope of recovery must be abandoned.
13th April 1835, Monday
Dined at Clapham, a very pleasant evening.
14th April 1835, Tuesday
Mr Marsh to see George . Mr B called.
15th April 1835, Wednesday
Mr and Mrs Booth and Miss Palmeston dined here. George seems a little better. Dr and Mrs North.
16th April 1835, Thursday
17th April 1835, Friday?
The children to Church. We said prayers at home.
The Sunday. To Church then with George and Eliza Roscoe in my new little carriage to [Ponington?] called upon Miss Aikin, I on Martin and took him a drive on the heath. The little fellow is so shy that he makes me feel shy. Called in at Miss A's, she was at dinner with her two brothers. Scene of [frugal?] and enjoyment and domestic peace such as I love.
Sir E. P. called in ..
[Mixed?] at Mrs Colmours and went to Covent Gardens, then to [Malibron, Marylebone?] in the Commonbula - excellent acts admirable saying. [Guisi, Queen?] in upper box a figure never to be forgotten. She looks like a [Moose? Norse?]
The Fl-st Party. Beautiful orchidice[?] Sir H.P. in the
Went to town. National Gallery and British Musem. Being - Rembrants[?] in latter. This is a wonderful painter indeed. The Ships Carpenter, and [Herberts?] Mother!!! A [Haysdad?] still dark deep water overgrown with weeds, Brynor. Arthur to Pinner
Eliza and her pretty daughter left us to my great grief. Staid at home to rest my bones [rent my horse?]
Mr Thomas Powys called.
July 27th 1835
28th July 1835
Mr and Mrs Langton and Elizabeth dined with us.
29th July 1835
By ourselves. Much talk on temperance societies.
30th July 1835
Went to Maer [Maer Hall, Staffordshire, owned by the Wedgewoods] to stay a few days. Mr and Mrs and Miss Langton, Mr and Mrs Henleigh Wedgewood staying there.
Green extremely ill and faint with hunger. An old nurse who had never forsaken her mistress in her misfortunes procured by some means a sixpence. Lady Jane sent her out to buy a cow hill[?] The nurse brought it in and carried a piece of it to her mistress "No" said she "I feel myself dying, all relief would be too late and it would be well to sat the children of a morsel by wasting it on one who must die," so saying she expired.
But farther yet Virtue, the noblest endowment and richest possession, whereof Man is capable, the glory of our nature, the beauty of our soul, the goodliest ornament, and the firmest support of our life, that also is the fruit and blessing of industry; that of all things most indispensably doth need and require it. Barrow.
31st July 1835, Friday
Elizabeth took us in the Phaeton through Trentham Park to Parkfield to call upon Miss Morgan, saw her and her friend Mrs Akland.
1st August 1835, Saturday
After dining at Maer returned to Linley Wood. I was glad Louisa had an opportunity of seeing the effect of simple manners and temperate view of life in [promoting?] happiness, and I hope the picture was not without its effect.
2nd August 1835, Sunday
As we were about to go to Church there came on the heaviest hail storm I ever witnessed and attended by thunder and lightning. The hail stone I measured was 2 inches and 1 inch in circumference. Others I traced round on paper, as [from opposite?] The sky lights of course were broken and glass of the hot house.
Journal at a residence in North Amercia by [S---]
18th October 1835
Went to Church, walked in the evening with Arthur and the girls.
19th October 1835
Went into the City to look for carpets. Much struck with the splendor of the streets and buildings as I saw them for the first time from an open carriage. The Morrison house with its gallery at top I suppose not long [small sketch] is a gallery it reminds me of the one at old Norton [Morton?], St. Pauls from Fleet Street.
20th October 1835
Unwell, staid at home. Darwin called.
21st October 1835
Two Bond Street and to call on Mrs Noth where I was charmed with her baby. What strange sympathies was it that made me take such a passionate liking to the little thing. 9 months old, so intelligent, so [innocent??] looking, sweet a darling. I have cleared of it since. Saw Lady Bell, Miss Morrison called.
22nd October 1835
At home, with Arthur, a happy day.
23rd October 1835
To Bond Street for carpet. To Polands about [dress??].
24th October 1835
To Clapham to sit an hour with Mrs Wedgewood, a very happy hour with her and [Miss Leight, Herliegh?] that is life worth having with such as these in [look, talk?] and simplicity. No tears of mortification on one side. No pretences of pride in the other. Intelligent retirement, without nonsense affectation or [entrish?], how me!
Coloured [House, Base?] in America.
Miss Gondole the heroine of this tale, of persecution had for some time conducted to the satisfaction of the inhabitants at whose request she had come into the village, a school for young females, and had admitted as a scholar, the daughter of a respectable neighbour whose quarterings wee unfortunately not of [parlour prestige??]. There was nothing objectionable in the conduct or character of the person thus introduced. She was a very fine young woman about 20. [dot dot dot] She had indeed so small a portion of the prohibited fluid in her veins that she might have escaped observation at a soiree in London or Paris, except for her good looks and [general?] manners. It should be observed that the nearer the two castes approximate each other in complexion, the more bitter the enmity of the privileged; the [palong?] of encroachment being sharpened in proportion as the barriers which separate them are removed. [dot dot dot] it soon became apparent that this violation of the order of things was viewed with an unfavourable eye by the Aristocracy of Canterbury; that the 'pale faces' were gradually disappearing from the [loohis?] school. [dot dot dot] [Newwed?] not to distress the innocent course of this discontent, the mistress of the establishment had recourse to the only expedient which would do justice to herself and her pupil, she changed her whole school into a coloured one. [dot dot dot] The hallowed soil of Canterbury was dot dot dot
8th November 1835, Sunday
Went to Church. Walked out in the lanes.
9th November 1835, Monday
To Harrow [?] to visit Dr Bonors School, Not Satisfactory.
10th November 1835, Tuesday
To call upon Calderson[?] Found Lady Milman there, saw the children.
Mrs Booth and Mrs Clarke out [crossed out]
11th November 1835, Wednesday
To call upon Mrs Booth and Mrs Clark[e]. No. Mrs Calderson, No. Miss Duckworth No. Mrs Crompton at home. Mrs Holland at home. I am not sure which of these days came first.
Martin came in from school looking very well indeed.
12th November 1835, Thursday
To Brynar to fetch Baby's [port?] and order a new one for Mary.
13th November 1835, Friday
At home all day. In garden a little. Georgey's Birthday.
14th November 1835, Saturday
To Hampstead to fetch Martin, round by London to [Baynar] Brought home Mary's [port front?].
15th November, 1835, Sunday
To Church, to call on Mrs Coverdale and Wybrow. X complained once more of her disagreeable [sursations? Sensations?] the first time since we have returned home.
16th November 1835, Monday
Arthur took us a drive round the county.
17th November 1835, Tuesday
Called upon the Miss Morrisons.
18th November 1835, Wednesday
Went to Banels to buy parts, to the Bazaar, Music shop, Mr Dickenson dined with us.
19th November 1835, Thursday
Set off for Walthamstow, the horse tired, come back by Primrose Hill. Shells that they excavate like those at Boston, bought one for 2/6. In the evening went with Fanny. And letters to Mrs [Stallon?] and Mr [Nolton?].
20th November, Saturday
We all spent the evening on the sofa
21st November 1835, Sunday
14th December 1835 Monday,
To Brook Street to meet Mr Travers, I was to meet him again in two months.
17th December 1835, Thursday
Mr and Mrs Henry [Lordbank?] Mr and Mrs Dickenson, Mr and Mrs Booth dined with us.
18th December 1835, Friday
Called I think on the Miss Morrisons, it was this end of the week.
19th December 1835, Saturday
Went with Fanny, Georgey, Rose, Mary and [Boy, Posy?] to Zoological gardens to see the Chimpanzee. We found a creature about three and a half feet high, with a face brutal in the lose fir which was that of a dog nearly, save the teeth, a nose perfectly flat, but looks like an underdeveloped human nose. The face having but a very distinct [line?] as in the human between les cheveux, and le poil. The hair of the head was black and thin but fell backwards like that of a child. The creature was evidently [frustrated?] by the pit[?] of coloured stripes.
The [sun?] proving of Mr Lordson [busker?] in upon by the sable visages at Miss Gardoles windows. Dot dot dot, I wrote to application was made to a paternal Government and the Legislature passed a law that it was hoped would effectively [abote the Misone, Maison?] dot dot dot Miss Gondole however persisted in helping her school, the consequence was prosecution, imprisonment, stones thrown in at her windows, every species of insult and oppression that could be heaped in a free country upon an individual for opening her house to those against whom the slightest moral objection could not be formed.
As for her pupils, most of them had better claims to grace and beauty than an equal number of Anglo-Americans. Some were scarcely to be distinguished from whites. All were dressed with much taste and propriety.
Going to Etruria, one of the drivers made a singular remark to me. He was saying that many of the Dutch or German settlers have coloured servants who generally prove honest and industrious in return for the kindness shown to them. "You Europeans," said he, "must be astonished at the superstition you see here. It is disgraceful to our national character and contrary to common sense and justice to despise a whole race who are just as good as we are.
Canada. I was now on British ground and I felt that I was breathing the pure air of liberty, after having so long inhaled the fetid[?] atmosphere of moral equality. I was [herding?] upon a soil which no slave could pollute with his presence, and that I was among men who would not insult any one for the colour of his skin, or the form of his hair. Some of the visitors in the hotel in Niagara[?] are coloured Niagara[?] is in [condra?] I asked whether the same prejudice persisted as on the other side of the river. "No! we receive the same treatment as the white: we eat at the same table together and associate as equals. I know what you allude to, I have been in the States, and the only feeling I had on seeing such pride was pity for the white man's folly."
An American, was in London and became intimate with young [Azonion?] with whom he one day made and appointment to visit [some place?] On proceeding to the spot be met, his friend arm in arm with a coloured man! Horror struck at the sight he turned away&ldots;
[follows on page 131]
Page 129[whole page of transcript.]
20th December 1835, Monday
Did not go to Church being unwell but drove in the evening to [Hampstead?] to enquire about the Kings College School.
21st December 1835, Tuesday
Children's holidays, wrote upstairs, began the revision and additions to Louis Mildmay.
22nd December 1835, Wednesday
Our house was broken open last night and all our plated goods stolen. Mary and Posy tell me of [Scislation?]. Hear from Brook Street that all are ill there of Measles.
23rd December 1835, Thursday
Amelia came to fetch away Martin and Rosa from infection.
24th December 1835, Friday
Xmas only a melancholy one enough. Cullen drove us out to Golders Green.
25th December, Saturday
Went to call upon Mr Robert Roscoe's family at Finchley
26th December 1835, Sunday
Went to Church. The Clarkes called. Made Mary resolution to render this next year more serviceable to my fellow creatures than the last, and to employ my talents, such as they are, properly and conscientiously I mean to make the best possible us of them. The grace of God assist me to keep this resolution.
[continue from page 128] Abruptly, and went off in another direction. When they next met the Englishman asked why he had [set?] him so pointedly. [Catgen?], he replied, how could I do otherwise! Why I had made up my mind never to speak again to a man who could associate with such people as I saw you in company with! What, said the other, do you mean that young man. Why, he is an old college acquaintance, one of my most intimate friends!"
Some years ago, one of those, this hateful system delights to insult, was living at Hartford possessing a handsome [carpetency?], and universally respected as far as his skin would permit. This man frequently declared in the most solemn and emphatic manner that he would joyfully submit to be flayed alive if he could live from the operation with a white skin.
Another course of [uneasiness?] to these "children of a lesser[?] growth," arises from the dread they entertain that the species [skins] will be determined though every one knows that the finest specimens of beauty and symmetry are to be found among those whose veins are filled with mixed blood.
A Mulatto said, that his son, a lad of very promising talents and literary habits, had been refused admittance into a Theological Seminary though he had provided [himself?] with all exceptional testimonials of the boys abilities and moral character, the poor boy's application after a suspense of six months was rejected for no other reason but his colour. I strive, said the parent, to suppress my indignation, but I am driven almost to desperation I love my boy, and wish to fulfill my duty to him by giving him a good education. Dot dot dot. But all my efforts nevertheless, all my hopes are [dashed?] I know not what will become of him. My belief in religion is shaken when I see its professors so little influenced by it. We are held up to the world as the [interts?] of society [illegible]
Memorial sent by the coloured people to the Legislature of Philadelphia, I think they contributed 2500 dollars [cont. page 135]
28th December 1835
Went to town, called upon Mr and Mrs Atkinson, on Miss Morrison, to Throgmortan and Lords.
29th December 1835
To Waterloo House firstly to arrange Aunt B's money. [Things from Dyers to Bryan?] [Transcripts?] Baby's --.
30th December 1835
At home ill. Writing out Louisa Mildmay [Tales of Woods & Fields, 1836].
31st December 1835
To [Sorgel?] Dentist with Louisa. Boven for copy books.
1st January 1836, Friday
At home all day writing out Louisa Mildmay [Tales of Woods & Fields, 1836].
2nd January 1836, Saturday
At home all day writing out Draft. The cold so intense last night two police men frozen to death on Hampstead Heath.
3rd January 1836, Sunday
Did not go to Church.
Martin and Rosa came home from Amelia's in the interval.
15th January 1836, Friday
Louisa took her first lesson in singing from Mr Scoppa
16th January 1836, Saturday
Louisa took another lesson in singing.
17th January 1836, Sunday
At home with a bad cold.
18th January 1836
To the Stanmore Ball, met the Milmans. Louisa returned with them to Pinner.
19th January 1836
We all dined in Brook Street except F.G and Baby ill with colics. Sent Louisa [boarding?] School
20th January 1836
To Pinner to fetch Louisa home, took Rosa.
21st January 1836
Fanny took her first lesson with Mr Scoppa. Louisa is bed with a cold.
22nd January 1836
Shopping, preparing Martin for school.
23rd January 1836
To Church. Martin breakfast with Miss [Vogue?] Baby ill with headache.
24th January 1836
Took Martin to Blackheath School. Called upon Mr Tennant. Mr Roper the head master dined with us. Baby very ill whole night.
25th January 1836
Took Baby to Dr Holland. Her complaint is an agueish nervous headache, occasioned by the season. Louisa and Fanny to Mr Scoppa's. Lady Bell
26th January 1836
27th January 1836
Called on Mary Holland at Mrs Wilsons. On Miss Mandeville, on Lady Bell. To [Roycar?]. Dr and Mrs Holland and the two children dined with us. Mrs Clive called.
28th January 1836
To Mr Scoppa's with Fanny. Called upon Mrs Anderson to arrange lessons for Georgey.
Mr and Mrs Wedegwood dined with us.
29th January 1836
Took Georgey for a first lesson to Mrs Anderson. Called upon Mrs Clive, and to Bushells to [buy, music?] a piano forte.
Page 135 - continuing from Page 128] to the poor fund receiving from it seldom more than 2,000. 4 percent of the [paupers?] only theirs, their proportion to the whole population in Philadelphia. They were annually for costs 100,000 had six Methodist meeting, two Baptist, two Presbyterian. This [cossotion] one public that all supported by themselves [batsest?] at upwards of 100,000 dollars. They own two Sunday schools two [tent tomut] two temperance societies and one female literary institution. We have among us, say they more than 50 beneficient societies for mutual aid in times of sickness, the members are liable to be expelled for misconduct. 7000 dollars raised among ourselves are expended annually in the relief of distress. No one member of these societies has ever been committed in a court of justice.
Hartford. There the blind are hardly safe in the streets at night. Dot dot dot to pelt them with stones and cry out 'nigger nigger' seems to the pastime of the place dot dot dot. I could perceive that I had given great offence in several quarters by the expression of my sentiments, it would be more to my honour if I had given more reason for it.
A stranger [has here, then?] declare his opinions on my mother with much greater freedom in France or England. I believe I might add in Austria or Italy, than in America. The only country in the world, where philanthropy is presented and sneered at, and where high and low, rich and poor have conspired to put down humanity.
The coloured children who are blind are refused admittance to the blind asylum at Boston!!
Outline of Cuvier's Classification of Animals.
Humana - Man
Quadumana - Monkey, Ape, Lemur
Cheiroptera - Bat, Colingo
Insectivora - Hedge-hog, Shrew, Glutron
Digitigrada - Dog, Lion, Cat, Martin, Neaut, Otter
Amphibia - Seal, Walrus
Marsupialia - Opossum, Kangaroo, Wombat
Rodentia - Beaver, Bat, Squirrel, Porcupine, Hare
Edentata - Sloth, Armdillo, Ant-Eater, Pangolin, Ornithorhyneus
Paeleydermata - Elephant , Hog, Rhinoceros, Tapir, Horse
Ruminantia - Camel, Musk, Deer, Giraffe, Antelope, Goat, Sheep, Ox
Cetacea - Dolphin, Whale
Accipitics - Vulture, Eagle, Owl.
Paperes - Thrush, Swallow, Lark, Crow, Sparrows, Wren
ScansonWoodpecker, Cuckoo, Toucan, Parrot
Gallina- Peacock, Pheasant, Grouse, Pigeon
Grallae - Plover, Stork, Snipe, Ibis, Flamingo
Palmiphedes - Awk, Greke, Gull, Pelican, Swam, Duck,
CheloniaTortoise, Turtle Emys
SauriaCrocodile, Lizard, Gecko, Chameleon
Ophidia - Serpents, Boa, Viper
Batrachia -Frog, Salamanda, Newt, Protens, S-
Acanthopterygii - Perch, Mackeral, Swordfish, Mall-
Malacopterygii - Salmon, Herring, Pike, Carp, Silurus, Cod, Sole, Reora, Eel
Sapofranchi - Pike-fish, Pegarus
Plectograthi - Sun-fish, Trunk- fish
Chondropterygii - Lamprey, Shark, Reg, Sturgeon.
1. Cephalopada - Cuttle-fish, Calamary, Nautilus
2. Pteropoda -Glio, Hyalaea.
3. GasteropadaSlug, Snail, Limpet, Whelk
4. AcephalaGyater, Muscle, Ascidia
5. Brachiopoda - Lingula, Terebratula.
TubuicolaSerpula, Sarella, Amphitrite
TorsibranchiaNereis, Aprodite, Lob-worm
AbranchiaEarth-worm, Leech, Nais, Hair-worm.
DecepodaCoral Lobster, Prawn
PulmmaliaSpider, Tarantula, Scorpion
HymenopteraBee, Wasp, Ant
1.Echinodramata - Star-fish, Urchin
2. EntozoaFluke, Hydatid, Tape-worm
3. ActalephaeSetinea, Medusa.
4. PolypiHydia, Coral Madupore, Pennatula
5. InfusoriaBrachionus, Vibrio Partens, Monas.
Le qui je rerpoche le plus en government demoncrahpe tell qui on la orginise aut Etats Unis ce n'est pas commbeaross de &ldots;
[pages 141, 142 of French]
The [lentnet?] of the advocates for the negros. Il n'y a pas de --
We wish indeed it were not considered necessary now-days to assume a peculiar solemnity, a peculiar formality of manners as a badge of
30th January 1836, Sunday
31st January 1836
To Mr Scoppo's for a singing lesson, met [Sophy, Lady?] Park, poorly in the evening.
2nd February 1836, Wednesday
4th February 1836, Friday
To Mrs Andersons for a lesson. To Mr Scoppo's for do. To Mrs Martineau [Harriet Martineau] to comment upon letter to S. and B [?]
6th February 1836, Sunday
7th February 1836, Monday
Dispatch my proposals to S & B. Case the Cook came.
8th February 1836, Tuesday
To Mr Scoppo's, took Rosa to Brook Street
9th February 1836, Wednesday
10th February 1836, Thursday
To dine at Dulwich with Mr B Allen. Lady and [Benon] Alderman[?], Mrs Miss F & H Wedgewood, Sir Thomas Ainslie, Mr Fuse.
11th February 1836, Friday
To Mrs Andersons and to Scoppo's. Baby to Mr [Closely?]
Answer from S & O received.
12th February 1836, Saturday
13th February 1836, Sunday
Sir Hyde Parker and Dr Frith dined with us.
14th February 1836, Monday
To Mr Osgoods, Chaplins. Called upon [Mrs Toolsly, Taddy?] and in Brook Street, got Rosa's - for the bab.
15th February 1836, Tuesday
To Mr Osgoods, and to Scoppa's. Lady [Posh, Peel?]
25th February 1836
With Children to Mrs Booths.
26th February 1836
Mr Scoppo and Mr Gardiner
Saturday 27th February 1836
Arthur concluded the bargain with Sanders and Otly to give £300 and I allow A.M.J to be put into the title page.
28th February 1836, Sunday
I did not go to Church. Mr Hutton called.
29th February 1836, Monday
To Mr Osgoods. Lady Lewyn. Miss Counteney to Mrs Taddy.
1st March 1836, Tuesday
Went to Mrs Thomas to order a new gown of which I much repented [resented?] myself on finding the price it was to be. To Scoppa's.
2nd March 1836, Wednesday
Did not go out, Georgey very ill in the night with a crooping attack.
3rd March 1836, Thursday
To Town, called upon Mary [Holland?] at Mrs Wilsons, to Mrs Wilkinson, Roberts[?], [Conthams?].
4th March 1836, Friday
Neither Scoppa nor Mrs Anderson. Dined at Mr Wheelers. 1st proofs.
5th March 1836, Saturday
At home, Baby's head very bad. 2nd proofs.
15th March 1836
Wednesday[?] dined at Mrs Wilsons. M. Notlen[?]
16th March 1836
Dined at Mr B. Allens, Dulwich. Mr and Mrs Hall. Mr and Mrs H. Wedgewood, Elizabeth, Mr and Mrs Edward, Romilly, Mr John Romilly.
17th March 1836
Too ill to go out
Separate piece of paper in diary. [page 145]
Size of hail stones that fell at Linley Wood, August 2nd 1835 after they had been covered in a [morshord?] from the green house.
[two ink round irregular circles]
18th March 1836
Ill at home. Georgey to Mrs Anderson. The girls could not take lesson but it is to be paid.
19th March 1836
Ill. P. Wedgewood came.
20th March 1836, Sunday
Dr [Fink, Frit?] P. Wedgewood.
21st March 1836, Monday
Arthur dined in Brook Street
22nd March 1836, Tuesday
[Huino?], look proofs of first volume and 8th sheet of 2nd.
23rd March 1836, Wednesday
Miss Morrisons called. Elizabeth gave warning.
6th May 1836, Saturday
The Milmans, Mr Harness, Mr B.Allen, dined here.
7th May 1836, Sunday
Did not go to Church. MacIntosh dined here. [R.J. MacIntosh? photo in AMC's photo album]
8th May 1836, Monday
Took Georgina sen., and Louisa to a party at Lady Bells, Hollands, introduced to Campbell the poet [Thomas Campbell 1777-1844]. He expressed himself honoured by being introduced to me, and as evidently gratified to have praise of his poems insinuated by me. How little three years ago did I expect to see this. To Mr Roscoe's in the morning for the [correction?] of Oak Tree?] The his praises of which made me very happy of Deed and Preference. Mr [Hoth, Stoth?] came home with us at [report?].
9th May 1836, Tuesday
Took Georgina to Blackheath
10th May 1836, Wednesday
Martin came home, dined at Miss Duckworths. [Psariage?] Cary, Dr Sheppard, Mr [Going?] party in the evening.
11th May 1836, Thursday
Mrs Basil McIntyre called. Mrs [North, Hoth?] - - evening. Too [ill, find?] to go to Mrs Coltmans. Arthur
Piety. Nothing makes to many hypocrites as this. The pious man should endeavour to avoid as much as possible the external manifestations of his piety, all that can be imitated without being realized. Blackwood.
And she would tell
The old traditions of the world gone by
Of Shadowy spirits that dwell in wood [spring?] or live
Of Natures monsters giant progeny
[Strange?] sons of earth, that cast asunder the throne
Of mighty [Lord, God?], and how his bolt [pasned?]
And whistling past of rocks the [infris?] brood
And how beneath the wheeling keeps they roar
And strike with horrid groans, the heaving
Or she would wake the [shell, skull?] and sweetly sing
Of flower crowned maiads at the
Wells spring virtues
And of that nymph --.
Beneath old oceans caves of darkest blue
And [served?] in [Siuly's] fair plains her hen[?]
And how the live enrapt world still prove
And fast in flower embroidered fields
Sparing be her side to view.
Tis he! Tis he! One [font?] wild having any
Tis he! Tis he! Say [vents?] in any vein
Rushes the colour to her cheek the eye
Flashes a light divine, and over the plain
Fleet as the gale [wind crossed out] her winged footsteps fly
Her shiny tender arms are round him thrown
And cowering to his feet she [sirtith?] down
Prone on the earth in [spendless?] existing[?]
Long time she wept.
Poem continues - many corrections.
Poem continues - many corrections
Poem continues - few corrections
Poem continues - corrections
Poem continues, written in pencil.
Mary Noth and Louisa went.
13th May 1836
With 4 eldest to Mrs Andersons concert. Called upon Mrs Taddy and Miss Doyne.
14th May 1836
To Mr Osgood for a sitting, to [Stockerllml?] called upon Mrs Calvin Hoth[?]
3rd June, 1836, Friday
Dined at Sir W Milmans, Mrs Opie Mr [Binys?] the painter, Mr and Mrs Sam [Alderson, Aldeson?]. To Mrs Adnersons and to Scoppos, on Mrs Good.
4th June 1836, Saturday
Shopping, came home late, a letter from Blackheath to say Martin had the scarlet fever.
5th June 1836, Sunday
With Arthur and Louisa to Blackheath, found Martin in lodgings, remained. Arthur went home, Mrs [West, Hunt?]
6th June 1836, Monday
Arthur changed [Marting crossed out] Georgy for Louisa. Walk in Greenwich Park.
7th June 1836, Tuesday
Ill with [Ergscpeles?] in bed all day. Arthur came down to see me.
8th June 1836, Wednesday
Night, the house.
9th June 1836, Thursday
Took Georgina a drive to Eltham to see the [barn?], beauty of Mr Sander's garden.
10th June 1836, Friday
Arthur came to see us. Walk on heath.
11th June 1836, Saturday
Return home leaving Louisa
13th June 1836, Monday
To town to do various shoppings. Called in Brooks Street to see Posy, left her there. Went to Zoo gardens to see the Giraffes.
Camille n'aviat pas de famille, ou ce n'espt pas en avoir une dans notre etat social, que n'ete apparente que de gens qui sont trop ambitious de nous pour nous proteger. Soulie
[French transcript - 17 lines.]
[French transcript - whole page]
-what is that strikes me as so peculiarly unnatural in these creatures, that is appearing to belong to another nature, another planet from ours. A white dromedary, which I thought a beautiful creature, and too Inde brown camels, upon most shaggy monsters struck me in the same manner. The Elephant and the Giraffes combined in one view with the Native attendants high palings and trees struck me as a singular and interesting picture. To Brillens to buy Gibblas[?], to Mrs Alabaster to pay bonnet bill. To Waterloo House to buy study's for children, to Coopers and Bachelors same object.
14th June 1836, Tuesday
Ill again with swelled knee and general indigestion. Could not go to Blackheath, Fanny went.
15th June 1836, Wednesday
Fanny and Louisa from Blackheath leaving Martin, going on very well.
16th June 1836, Thursday
Took Amelia, Louisa, Fanny and Georgey to the Opera, had a box in the 4th Tier, see general effect by no expression of faces, hear well the Pantomi, La Blanche Antini[?] pleased me most, the Queen came in beautiful effect of the tapestry of beautiful women as they stood up for 'God save the King,' that praise always makes me glad with loyalty, but I do love our honest King and most amiable Queen with all my heart. Mr and Mrs [John?] Holland came up to our box, called upon Mrs Mortyne in the morning, took two little ones, Rosa came home.
17th June 1836, Friday
To Mrs Anderson's and Scoppo's, so ill as to be forced to come home. Knee much swelled, very bad.
18th June 1836, Saturday
In bed wall day. Violent [Euysipilis?] on knee, swollen to twice the size. Arthur and Georgey and very pretty Rosa to Blackheath.
19th June 1836, Sunday
On sofa in Bedroom. Mackintosh called, and sat some time.
20th June 1836, Monday
Down stairs again. Fanny and [Willy, Wipy?] in the evening, delightful creatures, the loveliness of expanding womanhood, its simplicity, truth and correctness, when unspoiled to the full as lovely in my eyes as that of childhood, what a heavenly pleasure is that of moral approbation, what a bliss of paradise the glow of love and approbation to those in whom one is so deeply interested.
21st June 1836, Tuesday
Arthur and my precious Georgey came home.
22nd June 1836, Wednesday
A quiet and happy day at home.
23rd June 1836, Thursday
To a party at Mrs Basil Montagues, Allan Cunningham, Mrs Jamieson, Mrs and Miss Adelaide [Humble? Hinlle?] Mr and Mrs Travers, Mr and Mrs Procter, Barry Cornwall, Miss Mason, were among company. My pleasure somewhat spoiled by the idea that I was in representation, yet is it impossible not to be gratified by the Masks of respect and admiration that I receive. And I think it was wrong and ungrateful not to accept as a great blessing from my maker sent talents as he has been pleased to endow me with and no many his grace to enable me to employ them as not at [last?] to be found the [unfaithful, compentitible?] servant.
French transcription - whole page.
-un home ordinaire: tout ce qu'il a de distingue dans l'ame de noble, de don't torme conte lui, il pissone de con &ldots;.
Cette femme a soisonte dit ans etait qu'uen pour le Coeur dot dot dot
-il souffre, il suambe au lieu de com better il de seccomber.
30th, 2nd July, 3rd, 4th, crossed out.
Mrs Eyres Method of Plenty -
The cutting[?] from a side short, never from a lender cut off with it the little torn brown ring from which it starts, end it a little short but make it quite flat before planting leaving the little brown ring, cut off all the leaves but two, cutting 2 inches short , or less, pot [forth?] with the soil in which the plant delights, an inch of sand at top, covered with a glass and kept quite from the air, water so as to less it drop, take care to wipe glass whenever drops with steam player pot in hot and under home or in store but shade completely from sun, take great care to keep - [one more line]
Mrs Taddy called, had a long and very agreeable and confidential chat with her, such as I most enjoy, but I must not because I like this so much better, neglect to [enthook?] the power of being well bred and agreeable in general company, or suffer a certain indolence [errors?] boastfulness and [caprice?] of spirits to render me ill bred and unsociable. I was not pleased with my manners altogether last night, but it is never too late to mend and though I may never attain to my own standard in manners, continual endeavour will do much for me and for my beloved ones, at least to endeavour at which prevents a decline.
24th June 1836, Friday
Very ill again with a sort of universal [Erysifilis?]. Mr Haness[?] and Miss Rycroft called.
26th June 1836, Sunday
Came down in the evening. The Miss Morrisons called.
27th June 1836, Monday
Dr and Mrs Noth dined here.
30th June 1836, Thursday
Luncheon Mrs Montagne, Mrs Proctor and Darwins. Mrs Lister and Mrs Wall.
1st June 1836, Friday
To party at Mrs Noths, [Boln?] Smith, Mrs -- Lansen. -
2nd July 1836, Saturday
Went with Arthur to Winkfield to see Martin and Rosa.
3rd July 1836, Sunday
Too hot to go to Church. Walk with Martin in the hay field.
4th July 1836, Monday
We went to see Windsor Castle, very much pleased with the view from the Terrace, the [view?] of the little park and Eton College on this glorious sunny day. Observed how darkly black those shadows of the trees were when the sun so bright. I have thought it unnatural in Paul Potter and Gasper Poussin. Of the pictures, the 'Misers', with more admiration than ever. Charles, his Queen and baby - Van Dyke, St. Martin [Rolers?]. Countess Desmond - Rembrandt a picture of her in her extreme old age admirably painted but the subject painful. This is all I now can recollect of what pleased me so much at the time. I am much exhausted and my memory and impressions at present very feeble. The ball room with it tapestry - Medea, and beautiful bright gold ornaments very pretty, the stair case ugly and mean. Saw the King and Queen and party go out in two fairy sociables drawn by 4 beautiful little ponies each, and grooms on ponies behind.
Mr [Robertson?] and Mr Brown in the evening.
5th July 1836, Tuesday
The weather extremely hot. Martin had a [strong?] attached of fever which alarmed me very much, it seems almost occurred by his feelings on being [reserved?] about his lesson, he was very ill at night when there was a tremendous thunder storm.
6th July 1836, Wednesday
Martin better, we returned home.
7th July 1836, Thursday
MacIntosh dined with us, long walk in the garden.
9th July 1836, Saturday
Sir William and Lady Milman, Emily and Elizabeth, Mr and Mrs Taddy, Dr Noth and [Standford?] Pleasant day. Louisa to Pinner.
Light pencil - poetry.
10th July 1836, Sunday
11th July 1836, Monday
To Blackheath for the day. Miss Clarks
12th July 1836, Tuesday
Called upon Mrs Montagne [Montague?]
13th July 1836, Wednesday
Settled our accounts!!!
14th July 1836, Thursday
To Pinner, the Henry Milmans.
15th July 1836, Friday
MacIntosh in the morning, Scoppa's and Mrs Anderson.
16th July 1836, Friday
MacIntosh and Stanford to lunch with us. Find my mind and spirits more and more exhausted. Very little life, almost necessary.
27th July 1837, Wednesday
To Pinner [races?] A small dance at Pinner. Mrs and Miss Trollope
28th July 1837, Thursday
Come home late in the evening. Left Georgey.
29th July 1837, Friday
To Scoppo's. Miss Morrisons called. MacIntosh to dinner and stayed all night.
29th July 1837, Saturday
MacIntosh went, to Putney for the day. Henry Crompton.
30th July 1837, Sunday
MacIntosh dined with us. [Simby?]
31st July 1837, Monday
To see a Balloon go up at the [Yorkshire Godshine?] [Stage?] To [Hogaster?] with Mr Balyly to see the Bridal, not so much pleased with Madame Gundy's [helisthins?] as I had expected.
1st April 1837 Tuesday.
Fanny to Pinner to fetch Georgey. Tremendous rain.
2nd April 1837, Wednesday
To Scoppo's. Mrs Holland[?] and the children lunched here.
3rd April 1837, Thursday
Dined in Brooks Street. Wyndham Smith.
4th April 1837, Friday
To Brook Street, Covent Garden Market. To Zoological gardens.
5th April 1837, Saturday
To Brook Street, to Mr Kirk about Boys foot, to Bond Street to order boots. Zoological Gardens and [blank]
6th April 1837, Sunday
Walked to Primrose Hill with Arthur and the children. Bennet Langton. To Church.
7th April 1837, Monday
To Blackheath to take my dearest boy to school, with Louisa, Fanny and Baby.
8th April 1837, Tuesday
The Huttons called. Mr Hutton returned for Dublin to call upon Mrs Booth.
9th April 1837, Wednesday
To town to Scoppo's
10th April 1837, Thursday
To town to see Mr Herter, disappointed by boots, to Miss - - out. To Miss Morrisons, to hear Guards Band in Palace yard, walked children through St.James' Park to Queens Palace.
11th April 1837, Friday
My dearest Arthur! Long conversation on plans or the future. He drove us out through the lanes in this pretty neighbourhood.
12th April 1837, Saturday
Louisa ill with a sore throat, was obliged to send a party to Putney and stay and nurse her myself.
10th March 1829 - At Boulogne
Sunday - Poor Mary's death confines us to the house, but our little Mary ill of a cold, baby with her. Louisa with a sore throat. Weather very cold.
10th February 1840, Monday
With Fanny and Georgey to a ball at the Corsals. Introduced to Sir James and Lady Lyon. Sir James Lyon an old officer of the Spanish war. The feeling manner in which he spoke of the Admiral's Daughter, what an exquisite sense of its beauty that this old soldier seem to have. No one that ever spoke of it gratified me as much. He really had felt it. Baby had a severe blow on the head to day by the [sewerfalls?].
11th February 1840, Tuesday
Calling in the town the Consals. Mrs Burne, Lady Temple - ill with a spasm in the morning.
12th February 1840
With Mr and Mrs Corbet, Sir Henry Manning[?], Mrs Burne, Colonel Gabriel, Lady Temple to see an exhibition of Animal Magnetism, in the Concert room, the orchestra turned into a stage, carpet on it a sofa with cushions, two room chairs all covered with crimson Utrecht velvet, various stools and chairs for the f- abundance of light, al the medical men of Boulogne almost were on the stage, chairs and desks on and under[?]. The Adopt was a very big burly coarse looking man, he was pale and not real. The somnambule rather pretty but with somewhat coarse features, small and delicate figure cloathed in white embroie muslin, white silk shoes, gown to throat and - gold braid and white silk sartons, long hair done up in a knot behind as they wear it here. She looked scared rather than shy, suffering rather than anxious[?]. She sat down upon the sofa facing the audience, the Maj stood at some distance and began his operations, first however, making various passes with his hands in front of the stage pour faise, as he informed us un rideau to prevent any of the magnetic influences reaching us. He then standing at some distance from the girl stood with arm extended pointing his three fingers at her and gazing at her intently, from time to time he changed the position of his fingers a little. She began to look drowsy, her head fell from side to side at [this?] she fell down upon her face, among the cushions apparently fast asleep. He then came forward, lifted up her feet upon the sofa and raised[?] and settled her leaning upon her back against the cushions, in a position as if one site on a sofa with ones feet up. I confess my impression doing this first act was that she only pretended to go to sleep. I thought I saw something like acting in her made of going to sleep, and I thought I saw her move her shoulder and settle herself as he placed her against the cushions. The Dr Campbell and Allen were sitting close behind the sofa during this regarding everything with great attention, a pin was then given to Dr Campbell, which after a little evident hesitation he thrust into her hand, there was not the slightest shrinking or appearance of feeling. The Adept assured us that not only no pain was felt but barely any blood flowed and the wound would close and heal immediately. The medical men had before this examined her eyes by opening her eyelids, which remained closed the whole evening. To pistols were then fired close to her ears, even this did not, to my mind, carry the persuasion that she really was asleep -further on.
Continues on page 193
Life Manners Conversation and etc
O what a man! In his sanity I for the first time I may well say carried on a conversation for the first time was the inward sense of my words returned to me, Goethe Wilhelm Mister.
Non l'avenir n'est a personne
L'avenir! L'avenir mystere
Nul ne te fait parler nul ne pent avant l'heure
Ouvir tap aide main
[4 more lines]
Cultivation of Strawberries. The London Market Gardens plant I rows about two feet wide [asunder?] and place clean litter over the soil thus the fruit is preserved from dirt and the gardeners and gatherers can walk between the rows of the [exterior?] plantations without doing any injury in private gardens people - to town only narrow beds of three feet wide and of dry
[Page 171 about growing strawberries]
Education, Self and Others
He did as all men do, he mocked at learned women and yet he kept continually instructing me, Goethe Wilhelm Meister.
To be active he would say is the primary vocation of man, all the intervals in which he is obliged to rest he should employ in gaining clearer knowledge of external things for this will in turn facilitate activity. That
Car L'activite san travail est la situation don't l bone se resont le plus deplechment a sorter Guijot.
Because either a poem is excellent, or it should not be suffered to exist. Because each man who has no gift for producing first rate works should entirely abstain from the pursuit of art and seriously guard himself against every deception on that subject. Goethe Wilhelm Meister
The play was full[?] of action, but without any true delineation of character. It pleased and delighted such are always the beginning of the scenic art. The ende man is contented if he see something going on, the man of more refinement must be made to feel, the man entirely refined desires to reflect.
Bien convainece que l'on gagne toujours a se penetrer de la verite, quelque tout qu'elle puisse faire, et que rien n'est si dangereurse que de se levien a des illusions on de se lalper aller a la passion. Savoy Duc de Rovigo
Slavery in America
The following particulars are from Chambers Ed Journal, the Author says "we collect from a work on the subject by Mr Wallace jay published at NewYork 1835
A slave is one, who is in the power of a Master to whom he belongs. The Master may sell him, dispose of his person, his industry, his labour; he can do nothing, possess nothing nor acquire anything, but what must belong to his Master - Louisiana Code Art 9.
Slaves shall be deemed, taken, reported and adjudged to be chattels personal in the hands of their Masters and possessions to all intents and purposes, whatever - Laws of South Carolina, Busonds object 229.
The law of South Carolina says, "All their issue and offspring, of slaves, born or to be born, shall be, and they are hereafter declared to be and remain for ever hereafter absolute slaves and shall follow the condition of the mother."
If a coloured citizen of any other state enters Georgia he is fined and if he cannot raise the money he is returned to perpetual slavery and his children after him. In Maryland if a free negro marries a white, the negro become a slave. In almost every slave state if a free negro cannot prove that he is free, he is by law sold at public auction as a slave for life. This is both law and practice in the district of Columbia and with the sanction of the Congress of the United States. In no civilized community both the slave states, are children punished for the crimes of their parents, but in these the children of free blacks to the latest posterity are condemned to servitude for the trivial offences and often for the most innocent acts of their ancestors. It necessarily follows from the above that a slave is subjected to absolute and irresponsible despotism. Some few laws there may be forbidding the master to treat his slave with cruelty, but then a slave may be mutilated or murdered with impunity in the presence of [thousands crossed out] hundreds provided their complexions are coloured. Dot dot dot, But though no laws can in fact retrains the power of the master, laws to a certain degree indicate what kind of treatment is tolerated by public opinion. Thus when we find the laws of South Carolina limiting the time which slaves may be compelled to labour, to fifteen hours a day, we may form some opinion of the amount of toil, which southern master think it right to inflict upon their slaves.
The slave is at all times liable to be punished at the pleasure of his master, and although the law does not warrant him in murdering the slave, it expressly prohibits him in killing him if he dare to resist ie if the slave does not submit to any chastisement which a brutal master may chose to inflict, he may legally be shot through the head.
In South Carolina if a slave be killed "on a sudden heat of passion or by undue correction" the murderer is to pay a fine or to be imprisoned for six months.
In Missouri a master is expressly authorized by law to imprison his slave during pleasure, that may be a human being he legally incarcerated for life without trial or even the allegation of crime.
The slave being himself property can own no property. He may labour 15 hours per day but he acquires nothing by his labour. In South Carolina a slave is not permitted to keep a boat, or to house or breed for his own benefit horses, cattle, sheep or hogs, under fear of forfeiture. And any person may take such articles from him.
In Georgia the master is fined 30 dollars for suffering his slave to hire himself out for his own benefit. In Maryland the master forfeits 19 dollars for each month that his slave is permitted to receive wages upon his own account.
In Virginia every master is finable who permits a slave to work for wages.
In North Carolina "all horses, cattle, hogs and sheep that shall belong to any slave or bear any slaves mark in this state, shall be seized by the County Wardens."
Mississippi the master forbidden under a penalty of 50 dollars to let a slave raise cotton for himself or possess stock of any description.
Slave being property are like cattle liable to be leased and mortgaged, or sold on execution of debt. A slave having no rights cannot appear in a court of justice to seek redress of injuries. The slave may be beaten, his wife and children insulted and abused and he can no more institute an action for damages, than his master's horse,. Can he be protected by his masters right of [claim?], No. The master must prove special injury to his property to recover damages. Any man may with perfect impunity whip another man's slave, unless he so injure him as to occasion "a loss of service or diminution of the faculty of bodily labour." Such is the decision of the Supreme Court of Maryland. In Louisiana if a 3rd person maim a slave so that he is "for ever rendered unable to work," the offender pays the owner the value of the slave, and is to be at the expense of his maintenance but the slave receives no compensation whatsoever, be he mutilated or crippled.
In Georgia, if a slave shall presume to strike a white person upon trial before justices etc. For the 2nd offence, death.
Kentucky, any negro, Indian, mulatto bound or free who shall presume to lift his hand against any white person 30 lashes on his bare back well laid on.
South Carolina and Georgia any person finding more than 7 slaves together in the highway may give each on 20 lashes.
North Carolina and Tennessee, slave travelling without a pass or found in another negro's quarters or kitchen 40 lashes. Every slave in whose company he is found 20 lashes.
Louisiana, slave on horseback without masters written permission 25 lashes.
In Virginia the laws have been recently revised by the new code there and 71 offences for which the penalty is death committed by slaves, imprisonment if committed by whites.
A white man can only be convicted by the unanimous verdict of the jury, in Louisiana if the jury be equally divided the verdict goes against a slave.
1832 - 35 slaves were executed at Charleston in pursuance of the sentence of a court consisting of 5 [pulotolors] and 2 justices.
A South Carolina by a law passed in 1800 20 lashes for every slave found in an assembly convened for mental instruction in a - place though in presence of a white.
Virginia Law 1829, every meeting of slaves for school by day or night unlawful, any justice may inflict 20 lashes on any slave they find.
North Carolina to teach a slave to read or write or give any book, Bible not excepted, 39 lashes.
Georgia, if a white teach a negro to read or write 500 dollars fine and imprisonment at discretion of court, if a coloured man bound or free to be whipped at discretion of the court. Of course a father may be punished for teaching his own child, this barbarous law passed in 1829
Georgia, any justice of the peace may break up any religious assembly of slaves and order each slave present to be "corrected without zeal" by receiving on the bare back 25 strokes with a whip, switch or cow skin
August 13th 1837
Seneer Chapter 8 Of a Happy Life
Affection keeps a man in use and makes him strong, patient and hardy. Providence treats us like a generous father and brings us up to labours toil and dangers whereas the indulgence of a fond mother makes us weak and spiritless. God loves us with a masculine love and turns us loose to injuries and indignities. He takes delight to see a brave and a good man wrestlig with evil fortune and yet keeping himself upon his legs when the whole world is in disorder about him
August 15th 1837
Car la volante de Dieu n'est point une creatures mais elle est avant tout les createurrs peusque rien ne serait cree si la volonte du createur n'avoit priuede cette creation. Il sensant done que la volonte de Dieu est sa substance meme.
Compare this with the Nicene Creed - being of one substance with the father, which in this metaphysical sense being of one will with the father may I think be received.
From Ronts Bridgewater Treatise
"The Argument of design as considered with the subject of equilibrium dot dot dot, In the present state of equilibrium we have observed that the properties of bodies as they actually exist around us are all so subdued that no one predominates over or excludes the others. Now when we reflect that almost all these bodies are compounds and when we compare the compound with the properties of their elements we must infer that the properties of the compounds rather than the store of the elements were at their origin the objects contemplated. Dot dot dot. For instance the hydrogen in water and the chlorine and sodium in common salt not being in their simple state regain in the economy[?] of nature the properties of these elements have not been made comparable with organic --. On the one hand when required we have the most striking adaptation of property, which when not required this adaptation of property has not been attended to dot dot dot.
The subject of the incongruous properties of bodes is one of great interest. We have seen that many of the elementary principles are poisons and that almost all of them if liberated from their affinities and sent abroad into the world like so many demons let loose would instantly bring destruction upon the whole fabric. Now why such incompatible properties should they be necessary to the properties of compounds. Why for instance should the incombustible fluid water contain one of he most combustible principles in nature. Or the mild and unanimous common salt be composed of two elements which in their separate state would instantly destroy life. Why these deleterious elements. There are questions utterly beyond our comprehension.
Perhaps the word deleterious deserves as here and as in many questions relating to the existence of evils, the manner of stating occasions the apparent contradiction. Hydrogen and Chlorine are not deleterious principles properly speaking, they are only destructive to organized life. They are like all the other good gifts of the creator, good in their place, evil out of their place.
[Page 186 continues 187, 188, 189, French transcription 190]
[newspaper article inserted.
Statistics of Employment
Abstract of answer and returns made pursuant to the 3rd and 4th Victoria, c.99, and 4th Victoria, c. 7, for taking an account of the Population in England, Wales, and Scotland. Occupation abstract. 1841. Presented to Both Houses of Parliament, by Command of Her Majesty.
This is an alphabetical arrangement of all the occupations carried on by the inhabitants of this Kingdom, of whatever, age or sex, on the 7th of June 1841, from the personal communications of each individual or head of family. There are separate returns distinguishing the sex, and whether above or under 20 years of age, for every county in Great Britain, and for all the larger towns, and these are afterwards combined for England and Wales, for Scotland, and for Great Britain generally. The method adopted seems infinitely superior to that used on the occasion of the last census. As the lists of 1831 refer to males only of he age of 20 years and upwards, great care must be observed in using them as a test of the comparative increase of different trades or pursuits in the various localities within the last decennial period. To the return is prefixed a very curious and elaborate preface, stating the reason and nature of the classification adopted, and some of the more prominent and remarkable results deducible from the tables themselves. From the general summary of occupations of persons in Great Britain, including army, navy, merchant seamen, &c., it appears that the whole number of persons employed in occupations in Great Britain is 7,094,186; the number of persons of independent means, i.e. who support themselves on their own means without any occupation, 511,440; the number of paupers in and out door, 137,366, of whom 24,513 males and 22,424 females are under 20 years of age; of beggars, 1,112. On the whole, including 10,997,865 persons whose occupations are entirely unaccounted for, of which, however, only 2 ½ per cent are males above 20 years of age, the grand total of the population of Great Britain is stated at 18,844,434. For the metropolis the general summary gives as the total population 1,873,676 of whom 19,400 are paupers and beggars, 1,007,767 unaccounted for, 91,941 returned as of independent means. Some of the more striking returned for the metropolis are under the several heads - "army," 8,043; "Aurist," one; "author," 163, of whom 15 are ladies; "barrister and conveyancer," 1,437; "boot and shoe maker," 28,574; "Clergyman," 834; "coffeehouse keeper," 708; "courier," 77, two of whom are women; "newspaper editor, proprietor, and reporter," 175; "gardener" 4,785, of whom 167 are women; "nurse," 4,687, of whom 17 are males of 20 years and upwards, two are males under 20 years; "oculist," one; "domestic servant," 168,701; "tailor and breeches maker," 23,517; "West India merchant," one.
It appears that in Great Britain, on the night of the 6th June, 1841, 22,303 persons slept in barns, tents, pits, and in open air; 5,016 persons were travelling. The average number of inhabitants to 100 statute acres for England and Wales is 43; for Middlesex and Westmoreland, which are the counties of the highest and lowest averages, the number=s are 873 and 11 respectively. The average annual number of marriages for England and Wales to every 10,000 inhabitants is 78. In Middlesex, which is the most marrying county, it is 93; in Cumberland, which is the least so, it is 57. The average of births to every 10,0-00 for England and Wales is 319; of deaths, 221; of inhabited houses, 1,850. It may be worth noticing that it is in the maritime counties we find the least comparative mortality. [article continues.]
For Scotland, the total population is returned at 2,620,184, of whom 58,291 are described as of independent means and 17,799 as beggars, paupers, pensioners, and alms-people. These are some of the principal results of these returns, which will amply reward examination, for they teem with materials for deciding many questions of intense interest.
What we are persuaded that by a necessary law of the human mind whenever we see marks of an arbitrary limitation or &ldots;
For ourselves we deem it much more decent and becoming course to examine the phenomenon &ldots;
Dublin University Maj
Anon Author, I suspect Dr O'Sullivan
12 February 1840 continued.
There was such an appearance of Charlatanism and jiggery about the man, the next thing I remember is his rousing her and asking her si elle voulant travailler. I did not understand this at the time, but at last I comprehended that there was a state of deep sleep with which he [theirn?] here when he pleased and which appeared to rest her. Did another of more exertion[?] in which she spoke and moved, one he called dormier the other travailler. The last state seemed to be one of very painful exertion. The very great distaste I had for the whole proceedings made me really regard all these maneuvers with so much contempt that I did not attend so [privately?] as I ought to have done but the more I had an opportunity of observing him the longer I reflect upon what I did observe the more I feel persuaded that there is something which is a subject for tutorial speculation and [sacrifice, subterfuge?] enquiring at the bottom of much pretence and absurdity. I think the first way he showed his power or recollection was by standing at a distance and taking the attitude of one pulling strings which extended from him to her and [time?] as the needle to the pole it is certain the body rose and fell, moved this way and that exactly as a needle would do under the influence of the [woodstore?]. He then asked her to take a walk in the [caroline, linoline?] with him. She rose up leaning on his arm, but tottering and swaying from side to side as a statue would if one tried to set it upon its feet. After this exhibition she was lowered down to sleep, he passing his hands about a foot above her body from head to foot which appeared to compose her very much. He then roused her and asked her to sing, it was a very different matter to make her do it he kept making passes. Not in pointing his hands outstretched fingers to her side and stomach. She seemed to soften, shaking her forehead and stomach and rolling her head from side to side, her neck appearing as flaccid as that of one recently dead. Je vais que vous [french sentence] Great emphasis on the vens. [Ought?] loud voice at last, she began to sing very sweetly, the moment he standing before her made certain majestic gestures. She stopped like a clock, then went on again, even though however appeared to [asab?] as if done by collusion. I felt indeed sore of 8it at the time, on reflection I doubt it. That is odd I think. He then told her to do up her hair which had fallen about her shoulders, looking very [threatened, fashionable?] indeed, he said he would give her a glass so a gentleman has [slightly?] may [realized, returned?] and put on a stool opposite to the chair on which she sat. She seemed to look with her shut eyes if one may say so, at him as if her were a glass and very longingly to drop her hair, the she was put in communication with another gentleman which was done in this way, the adept, the gentleman being seated beside her on the sofa took hold of each hand with each of his hands then the gentleman held her hand, and she answered his questions, several gentlemen were put through this. Their names were always mentioned to her as they were put into communication with them, the different things she was asked to do each several things with a separate gentlemen were What [belong?] by the right, she told, what hour by a gentleman's watch, which he had altered from the true hour "Eh bien - hors l'heaure qu'il est par le montre de le Monsieur obscure - ce n'est pas l'heur de la nuit, mois l'heur que Monsieur le manqué sur sa monre, la montre est dans la poche devoite de son gilet. - voyez bien" says the adept, the somnambule places her hands on the Gentleman's sleeve on his breast, strokes him down, hesitates, looks as if she were straining to see through his coat and waistcoat, and with much hesitation in a tone inaudible where I sat, answer and gives the precise hour.
This was done with another gentleman and another watch, answer was wrong, the adept said Oh, the figures on the watch were in roman characters and she could only read Arabic.
Another gentleman was greivement blesse, -- she say, an bovs, which arm she says bras gauche. Non, tu du un adept, d'on at il - obscuring at bien at on il tombe. Answer at but de son cheval. What was the case.
It was while she was sleeping after these trials that Colonel Gabriel took me on stage to see her. I put my hand on the forehead, it was warm, soft and dry. I put my hand in hers which lay placid by her side, the finders clung softly to mine. I was touched by this and gently pressed her hand, the movement was not repeated, the pulse was low, soft and weak, breathing scarcely persceptible. So impressed was I with the idea of her insensibility that I pinched the skin of her hand, it yielded like a it of muslin and evidently felt no more.
I returned convinced that she really was asleep.
The Adept then asked everybody to wrap an object in a pocket handkerchief, put it into a gentleman's pocket. The gentleman was put in communication - what has he in his pocket - "Une pellaine." That, says the Adept is because the handkerchief is embroidered, "what is in it" much hesitation and difficulty, at last "Une bourse" it was a ring. The Adept points to her gold broach and says "Oh the 60 metals disturbed her by their attraction or some such story. All this time when [event?] her head kept tumbling about, like one asleep or dead. We left her dormant in the sofa and they giving her electric shocks which did not wake her although they made her move. Mrs O'Sullivan saw her waken and saw she looked [several?] nervous exhausted and as if she wished to cry.
That there was real sleep seems unquestionable, then how would there be collusion, if not collusion what a strange power was exercised.
The attatinees[?] and the answering all right the man knew and wrong what he did not proves collusion, yet how collusion with one asleep.
Mr Maeyon knew a young gentleman subject to natural somnambulation, he would fall into this state of an evening after dinner, his mother and sisters could always communicate with him by whispering in his ear. When in this state there was no secret that he would not tell.
My present belief is that there is a certain power of animal magnetism by which the state called somnambulation my be produce, that persons in that state are not entirely - of their faculties but may be communicated with from without, and can be turned to speech and motion which is however very painful, and that upon the possession of these two secrets a sapers fortune of deceit and charlatanism has been [raised?] by designing men.
Mrs Burne tells me the weights she has seen the somnambulist raise are superhuman, but as we know particular states of the brain as insanity in more of it forms produce superhuman strength, this phenomenon may be resolved into a case of that form.
22nd March 1840, Sunday
Arthur returned from England bringing Louisa and Mary. Called on Corbets and Mrs Burne, to Church morning. Mrs and Miss Garrett called.
23rd March 1840, Monday
To Mrs Weenchs[?] ball. William Atkinson called. Arthur went. Mr Eyrs called. Wrote to Fanny and Martin.
24th March 1840, Tuesday
Girls to dancing. Mary for the first time.
26th March, 1840, Thursday
Mr Burrne called.
18th July 1840, Saturday
Anne Gabiou and Annie and maid came.
19th July 1840, Sunday
Late at night they went. Arthur returned from Norway. Dr Mojinn Mrs and children called.
20th July 1840, Monday
Walked up to Mr Corbets and went to see Captain King's pictures. Lapis Lazuli makes ultramarine the only blue he uses. Malachite makes the beautiful sea green, and the finest yellow the base of all the numerous colours of which yellow makes a part is Oxyde of iron. He has copied some of the finest Churches in the town, and the King would have given him 800 for one of his copies but it was contrary to etiquette for a King of England to possess a copy of that of which the King of France had the original, so they say.
21st July 1840, Tuesday
Mr Bernardstone called.
-yet in fact it is much easier to recommend sacrifices than to make them. The truth is that we never know the sacrifices that we recommend and that which we look upon as a slight inconvenience may be to the person whom we would persuade to submit to it a serious evil. I say all this merely to convince you that you alone are the proper judge what you ought to do.
[French transcription - half a page. Pencil, eight lines in English up side down.]
22nd July 1840, Wednesday
Mr Browne called when we were in the garden.
23rd July 1840, Thursday
Mrs Barnardstones Picnic at La Cordette. Barnardstones, Pilkingtons, Eyres, [Mannings?] and ourselves, a party of 28.
24th July 1840, Friday
Called upon Mrs Richard Martineau, Miss Pilkington called, talk of protestant distinct looks.
25th July 1840, Saturday
Masenya, Mr Corbet and Mr Piers, Mrs Browne.
26th July 1840, Sunday
Rainy day, none to Church.
27th July 1840, Monday
Mr Dulope at Octarian tea party. Brownes, returned afterwards. Rollingtons Thursday [tick]
28th July 1840, Tuesday
Mrs Gu's party, not able to go, Fanny stayed with me.
29th July 1840, Wednesday
Glamorous soirees [?], ill, the rest out all day, five weeks.
30th July 1840, Thursday
Martin came, drove to Cocherie with children. Party at Mr Corbets CCM to Girts.
31st July 1840, Friday
Dined at the Cocherie, children to Pilkingtons and [Mannings, Masways?]
1st August 1840, Saturday
Ill, not able to go to Atkinsons. Girls went, Arthur to London.
2nd August 1840, Sunday
All to Church but me. W. Atkinson called and sat, dinner.
3rd August 1840, Monday
W. Atkinson called, out in carriage, called on Mrs [Bennett, Brown?] Mrs Croft Corbet on family. Mary ill and M-gs called. Back yard tea.
4th August 1840, Tuesday
Picnic in the Bois de Boulogne with Brownes.
5th August 1840, Wednesday
- of Mademoiselle Georgey, Mary Baby and I. Madame de Charvenau, met Madame St.Martin, Mrs Got, Mr St.John, played barefoot in the way to Garnets. [?]
6th August 1840, Thursday
Very hot day, invasion of Prince Napoleon. Mr and Mrs Charles Eyres.
7th August 1840, Friday
Into town, called upon Mrs Atkinson, at home, Lady [Pllyhs?] not. Mr Corbet, Sir Henry and Mr Piers called, went to port, saw vessel that brought Prince Napoleon, Captain Henry, Colonel Wilson, Mrs Browne and Mrs Pigot[?]
Page 204 - pencil. Up side down.
I don't know why you thought I complained of being dull, I think I never suffered so little from dullness since I have given up to -- as I have done here, but I have never found[?] any circumstances in my life sufficient to prevent occasional visitations of that disagreeable feeling the cause his in my own conditions of him and having and if I had the [dgotim] - of - to look after I am sure I should not altogether escape it, neither do I see how from being dull has to do with my being seriously dull here, if or how your being dreadfully dull at - is to prevent my being occasionally dull[?] at Boulogne. I wish the reverse were the case and that my being occasionally dull here would make you occasionally lively there, and must a I abhor the sensation I would willingly take a light - of it if that would relieve you for
Le Prince Napoleon au nom de Peuple Francoise diecrete ce que sait. La Dynastie des Bourbons d'Orleons a cepe de regner. Le people Francais est riate dans ces droits. Le Toupes sont delies du serment de Fidelite. Les chambers des Pairs et les chambers des Deputes sont dipouler un congres national sira convogne des carnivee du Prince Napoleon a Paris. Monsieur Thiers, President du Conseil est name a Paris President du Gouvernment Provisoine - [9 more lines.]
Cilatrate au nom de la Patrie.
Dieu portege la France!
Boulogne le 1840
Proclamation du Prince Napoleon Louis a l'armee
La France est faite pour commander et elle abeit vous etes l'elite du people et on sous traite comme un ail troupeau. Vous etes faits pour porteger l'honneur national et c'est contra vos frères qu'on tourney vos armies ells voudraient ceux qui vous government avila le noble métier de soldat! Vous vous etes indigne et vous avez cheratie ce qu'etaient devennes les aigles D'Avicole d Austilitzt de jeux les aigles les voila je vous les rapporte reprienez les avec elles vous aurez glories [page 207 208, 209 continues, Signed Napoleon, Boulogne 1840]
[letter inserted in diary]
That one who argued so consistently and unanswerably in confutation of some opinions and in defence of other, should reason as it appears to me inconclusively upon this matter along, appears to me also a reason for thinking that in one case he is defending [hath?], in the other error which he mistakes for [hath?].
I cannot see that you have succeeded in defending the Church in her assumption of the dominatory clauses attached to the Athanasion Creed.
The attack made upon her by your own statement is this,
"But it has been said, that the Church of England is a partaker in the iniquity of uncharitable denunciations. She has adopted the Athanasian Creed and while she makes open profession that none who disbelieve the doctrine in the confession of [9 more lines.]
Pappellez vous encore que les verites que la raison decrore [whole page french]
Page 212 continues in French, last third English
Nothing indeed is prove certain than this that the manner of the divine presence and operation both in the works of nature and of grace is incomprehensible to us at the same time the effects produced demonstrate his presence&ldots;
One cannot help observing from this little instance what is confirmed by unnumerable instances in the Roman story, that the freedom of a dicone which was indulged without restraint at Rome to the caprice of either party gave no advantage or comfort to the matrimonial sate, but on the contrary seems to have --- [continues rest of page.]
Page 214, 215
Middleton, Life of Cicero
[French, whole page]
1st August 1842, Monday [page 220]
In wood looking at fern and [Guon?] getting up from Parker. Began to mow Long Marlins, went to Watford to meet Amelia, Martin driving as gave him first lesson in Botany.
[Long Marlins and Upper Marlins were paddocks on Eastbury estate]
2nd August 1842, Tuesday
Went to see Moor Park, fine fir cedars and pines, these trees on an artificial mound with great depth of earth, walked with Arthur round farm. Parker began to mow, think but short Parker says we lost -/2 a load an acre by mowing the others too early, Staple took faggots to house.
8th August 1842, Monday
To Cassiobury [nearby estate of Earls of Essex]. Great Lodge meadow began to can[?] Mr Mason called, advised not to sell sheep or lambs till later saying they will fatten better when fly gone. M cows and 4 Bushels in Upper Marlins range, have been in about 5 days. Sheep fattening in Paddock run in Burrow's Hill [a paddock on Eastbury Estate]. Miss Pell called, did not see her, girls did.
9th August 1842, Tuesday
Out with Arthur almost all day. In Lodge Meadow finishing carrying the grass long though coarse on the lower part, which was very wet, thin and poor on the upper. There is water still in the pond, dry as the season is. A calf to patience a Dewey [Dairy?] cow.
10th August 1842, Wednesday
Excessive hot day, did not go out, wrote long story to H[?] and Miss Martineau. Arthur to town, girls to Harrow.
11th August 1842, Thursday
To Partons Garden mowing hedge grass, Patience give 3 gallons of milk a day, her calf put to Pollord cow as her milk is thin, planted by Wooden 120 cabbages in Marlins, there was a tremendous thunder storm and much rain last night. To Watford to visit Miss Morrison. Pells to tea, looking at [Impatience?] saw 3 falling stars only. I did not see one. Mare and cold taken out of ley.
14th August 1842, Sunday
To Church, to call upon Miss Morrisons.
15th August 1842, Monday
Tate garden, ordered turnips to be sowed, --tes spinage and other things to farm. Parker mowing further Frith - and then - Stable farm and 2 loads of leaves and oldest farm boy to spread manure and -- -- near Watford gate. Cows only gve 18 gallons of milk in all this three days, why? To Harrow with Amelia and called on Lady Milman - riots carpenters gone to a district meeting at Watford.
17th August 1842, Wednesday
Cows in Paddock, walked observing them feed. Girls to [Nattah?]. Very hot day.
18th August 1842, Thursday
Arthur to London. With Martin into wood, garden and to look at table[?]. To Watford to call on Morrisons, very hot, rain in evening. Miss Pell and Miss St. John called. Girls later evening.
19th August 1842, Friday
Attack of grippe, day in bed. Rain and cool. Cricket match at Moor Park. Martin and girls went. Miss Morrisons called.
22nd August 1842, Monday
Mr Marsh and Georgey and Willy to dinner, hot day. Miss Morrisons called.
23rd August 1842
In wood carrying Fern, and Gunner collecting the grass. Adder killed by Shapell. Hot dry.
24th August 1842, Wednesday
Arthur to town and back in the evening, set Gunner to cut thistles in field, and had grass, one load from c-id. Hot and dry.
25th August 1842, Thursday
Not well, Carpenter discharged. [The men, Anderson?] gone at 5. White making dining room cornice began to put ornaments in. Sir W called, took 20 ton coal. 4 ton of coal drawn into usual of
26th August 1842, Friday
Much rain. We are to have began consumption[?] of coal to day, rain.
27th August 1842, Saturday
Pond Farm, mowing thistle and carrying coal. From clearing meadow. Woodword painting. Cows in pasture. Amelia went today, her to Watford, met Miss Morrisons and returned with them. Dry.
Bought 40 Welsh sheep at 13/-. Mr Mason called, he evidently would have got them for 12. Much talk with him. Mason employed one of these agents to buy and sell everything the money earned of the market almost of as much consequence to people as good farming it is to good business. Mortifying but true, get a good [man?], let the knowing ones play it for you. Thinks stock will fall much in the spring owing to the Tariff, says our hay if pretty good, will in April be worth £4 a load. Arthur returned with £450, part of [Sterling?] 50-A.
28th August 1842, Sunday
To Church and walk through fields home. A chesnut came up on Calvers, much less vigorous than in the quiet of the wood, seeing Chesnuts will do. Called after Miss Morrisons.
29th August 1842, Monday
To Watford, paid Sanders and Barton and Goad [Grant?]. Posy ill. Parker still mowing, Staple drawing coal [Gion, Goad?] clearing great meadow. Called on Miss Roberts and at Marden.
28th October 1842
Mr Williams came to give advice upon work. Walked first to Spring Wood, the smaller sized faggots there which have no large piece worth about 10/- 100. The wood has been injured[?] by pieces being cut out. The coppice -al some wants cutting but it does not answer to cut out pieces here and there, better cut the whole piece intended, say 2 or 3 acres clear at once. Walk to Great wood, it is no use leaving oak standing[?] on the stools unless they have a good leading shoot, they will never make a good tree. Birch will not bear cutting after it comes to a certain age, which is about the growth of 15 years, it kills the stork. Birch most profitable to be cut clean, pruned the first two years and the fourth year, in pruning cut out all but three or four stems the wood you cut out would inevitably die. And it sells for brooms. Birch should be planted not sown, little plants about a foot long are sold in Bundles for the purpose. A good way is to lay Birch to fill up vacancies. For this purpose the stem two or so feet high, that is cut them as for pleaching hedges. Birch will grow upon any soil and is one of the best for planting in the rough gravel or the heathy peat parts of wood.
Birch [Hornbeam included in these remarks] is of use for faggots only. Good large faggots Spring 14/100, Winter 20/the 100. Birch grows very slowly in the first years, afterwards very quickly. In cutting down Birch reserve the small shoots about four or five feet high, it will not hurt the growth of the stubb. For Birch Wood in the rough parts to be processed at Rickmansworth collected from the Black woods of Cheyneys for the pigs. As deems Willow two sorts in the wood, the red hearted, and what is called the black but is in fact the white, peeling very white and being favourite of Basket makers, sells very well and grows quick, will not live if stem too old. Kills stubb as in Birch. White has a narrower and smaller leaf than red hearted. Red hearted good for [halters, hammers] and c., but in value less than white. Those I planted last year are white will not do but in wet [setachors?].
Hegit[?] cut down to stork grows better when not cut extremely close, reliable copse.
Cherry if cut down too old will kill stubb.
Asp, a tree of some value, worth taking care of, though not among the first.
Ash, first value as copse, best perhaps pleached but may try heys, it will not do on the poor upper side of the wood, but in most parts of the lower where not very poor requires a little loam in the soil. In planting copse the tree on the second year when it has gained a footing in the ground, should be herded[?] to within a short distance of ground, makes it form a stubb.
Alder not much value
Oak, plant acorns in abundance, prune all the maiden oaks, completely, and select[?] shoots from stubbs as are very promising, on the timber trees cut down the shoots, will be good for nothing but copse.
Larch evidently not a copse tree but good timber intermix some to stand for winter in the bad places where other timbers will not thrive.
Advice, cut every 11 years. Divide wood into lots of 4 acres each, about. 2 lots being in spring wood, 9 in Firth, Confine this year to picking out and cutting clean the cuttings of last year. Which make 2 lots, 1 above road, other below, complete these lots by cutting clean no matter whether at a loss by too young a lot left undone last year.
Planting, sow acorns, Birch most, plant Ash.
Birch, stick cuttings of willows, choose by observation the spots where you observe the trees naturally flourish.
Draining - drain off stagnant water, but spongy ground perhaps is better left for the copse grows finely there. Upon this [soquit?] of choosing, get better information.
Prices of cuttings - faggots 2/- to 2/6 100
Birch 1d to 1d ./2
Per stork 6/- 100
Faggots 14 to 20/- Poles 8/ to 50/-
Birch 5d to 6d a bundle [Witty?] whites 1/- perhaps?
The rabbits bite off the young shoots and do immense injury. The part which has thriven so ill cut four years ago, was actually shorn down by the rabbits.
Cutting up, he has not observed to be of any great use.
The Willows pollard, if left to grow too old will die when cut, and may well be cut down those in stable yard not too old, will be well worth cutting.
Plantation trees in the oldest, will improve much in value by standing a few years, but thin where nearly in one anothers way, take out pine in preference to scotch fir, the latter being most valuable.
Work to do, clear two lots of last year. Thin plantation mainly with assurance to growth, herd Pollard Willows in yard.
1843 - Eastborough
Dairy to 'great meadow', began to mow this on 20th June.
1st Large sheep are in 'Ricks yard', dry and 2 in Paddock, 1st sheep in Partons, 2nd Ley sheep in Bush. 2 lay to JW.
[Great Meadow was one of the paddocks on the Eastbury Estate.]
16th July 1843
At Church. Crompton Hutton here.
17th July 1843
Crompton Hutton went
18th July 1843
Mrs Holland evening, and Harry
19th July 1843
Took Mrs Holland to station to ask for [Signs, Signatures?] Saw Miss King
20th July 1843
Drive with Mrs Holland by Grovely Green and to Money[?] Hill to call upon Lady Alderson, the children came and they all went. Arthur to town.
21st July 1843
With Posy round from giant oak in [Busogh, Bushey?] Hill.
The only Commodity a working man has to sell is his labour, if he cannot sell his labour he must perish. It is therefore a question of greater importance to him, that there should be a market for his labour, then what he can bring with the proceeds of his labour when he has received them, you benefit him the most by enlarging the market for his labour. You injure him the most by narrowing it. If by your laws you occasion ten acres of arable to be turned into pasture, whom do you injure, the labourer and the labourer only his labour will not be wanted. He will have no market for his property, he must be mined[?]. If you proceed further and by the admission we will say, of cattle from foreign countries, render the pasture land of only half its value, so that it will pay no rent whom do you destroy next, the farmer. Of course the proprietor must live, there being no costs at all upon the former profits. Suppose the land will not even pay its expences, then whom do you - last the proprieter, the tax payer, of course his share of the taxes must fall upon none one else, and very [potty?] on you.
26th October 1842, Wednesday
In wood with William, carpenter finish shelves, store room. To [Watford?] with girls, saw Lady Plomer, called on Mrs White and Mrs Maine, Walton came on Monday evening.
9th April 1843, Sunday
Once more resolved to try total abstinence out of a desire my self to prove it again, partly for my own benefit and with the great wish before I die, to be able to have the benefit of my experience upon this subject for my children and others. Convinced that being of so feeble and perverse a temperament if I succeed no success can be a greater [purpose?] of its benefits[?].
Sheep in Paddock, calves l- in little acres Upper Meadow. Birch trees all shot up and have been for a month or so with some more, some less.
1791, August 20th, Meeting and address of the gentlemen at the Thatched house Tavern. Amongst other things the [intengbn?] put to the Government officers of the F.Rev. "Are they sorry that the pretence for new oppressive taxes and the occasion for continuing many old taxes will be an end! The Horne Tooke signed the address and declaration.
Tom P says that the persons who frequented the Thatched House Tavern in general were people of lowest corne and vs and so much did they take the Address and Declaration as - [continues for whole page.]
- with establishing a Revolution founded on the Rights of Man and the Authority of the People, the only Authority on which Government has a right to exist in any country -
I am too well acquainted with mankind to be surprised, too much of a philosopher to be angry at the abuse and misrepresentations of mistaken men.
Threats and conspiracies from the government and it public adherents, I have been constantly --
13th August 1847
Oats carried, to London with Adelaide. Dined at Miss Morrisons at 2 o'clock. Mrs Morrisons there, after drive with Georgina and Arthur to see Panorama of Himalaya Mountains and others. Home in the evening in carriage.
14th August 1847
Georgey, Posy, and Adelaide at home. Wrote 20 pages Angela. In the evening dined with Arthur and Posy at Sir John [Hollands?] Rickmansworth park. Party Admiral, Mrs and Miss Percy, Sir Clayton and Lady East, Mr and Mrs Mayler, Miss and two Mr Stuarts, a very splendid display of plate and so on Lady C E. [Cics?] fee of her daughter having taken consumption by infection from her husband, having no disposition to it in her own family on either side. Home and there by farm, Barley finished calling [cutting?].
15th August 1847
With Arthur, Posy and Adelaide to Church, the new horse for the first time.
17th August 1847
Louisa and Georgey come home.
21st August 1847
William Lyon came.
22nd August 1847
All to Church
23rd August 1847
W. L. went, Picnic at Cassiobury. Finishing cottage. Mrs Rose[?] Stuart.
26th August 1847
Called with Arthur at Lord St Gusmans Stuarts [Smiths?] and Fulmers began cutting briars.
Page 237, 238.
St. Augustine on the ..[whole page.]
27th August 1847
To Putney Park, Miss Martineau, Mr Porter, Mr and Mrs Hares[?], Sir George and Lady Larpent. etc
28th August 1847
Called on Lady Larpent, home from Amelia and Eleanor Lyon at Eastbury. All the wheat carried.
29th August 1847
1847 [Page 240, 241]
Statistics, Politics, Life
La question apertielle icic est de savoir si l'inst&ldots; Le Lemear.
[French transcription, whole page]
To the Members of both Houses of Parliament [pages 241,242, 243
My Lords and Gentlemen, will you permit an old man to address you in the subject of one currency. I sat in Parliament 32 years, during which time I frequently heard this important subject discussed by --- [half a page - pencil] speech by Robert Peel 1826
Have your eye on everything, describe the appearance of the places you visit, as seen from the ship, your walks on shore, in short, make drawings if you will but disregard how you say it, and think of nothing but explaining yourself fully. Write me the history of a planters day. What are his meals, at what hours, what his dress, what his amusements, what the employments, pleasures, education are of his children and family. Collect any anecdotes connected with the French Expeditions, with the present or the last war, and depend upon it that by merely amusing yourself thus, you may bring some excellent and ample materials.
Describe a West India Tavern, it difference from ours, Go to Church one Sunday to describe Church and Congregation. Inquire at every town if there be any schools there, any dissenters, how the Methodists get on. Collect some Jamaican newspapers, and if you can the magazine that is printed there. Put down all the stories you hear. - -
Southey's Life and Correspondence Vol 2. page 344, 358.
From here there are 15 blank pages and then there are notes that have been written from the back.
If you have any information to add to what is listed please contact
(Home) (family letters and diaries) (Anne Marsh-Caldwell) (Arthur Marsh) (Martin Marsh)